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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Genesis 31
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of GenesisClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    31:1-55 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Jacob Leaves Secretly for Canaan

1 Now Jacob F574 heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, "Jacob has taken away all that was our father's, and from what belonged to our father he has made all this wealth." F575 2 Jacob saw the attitude F576 of Laban, and behold, it was not friendly toward him as formerly. 3 Then the LORD said to Jacob, "Return R904 to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and I R905 will be with you." 4 So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to his flock in the field, 5 and said to them, "I R906 see your father's attitude, F577 that it is not friendly toward me as formerly, but the R907 God of my father has been with me. 6 "You R908 know that I have served your father with all my strength. 7 "Yet your father has cheated R909 me and changed R910 my wages ten times; however, God R911 did not allow him to hurt me. 8 "If he R912 spoke thus, `The speckled shall be your wages,' then all the flock brought forth speckled; and if he spoke thus, `The striped shall be your wages,' then all the flock brought forth striped. 9 "Thus God has taken R913 away your father's livestock and given them to me. 10 "And it came about at the time when the flock were mating F578 that I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream, and behold, the male goats which were mating F579 were striped, speckled, and mottled. 11 "Then the R914 angel of God said to me in the dream, `Jacob,' and I said, `Here I am.' 12 "He said, `Lift up now your eyes and see that all the male goats which are mating F580 are striped, speckled, and mottled; for I R915 have seen all that Laban has been doing to you. 13 `I am the R916 God of Bethel, where you anointed R917 a pillar, where you made a vow to Me; now arise, leave F581 this land, and return R918 to the land of your birth.' " 14 Rachel and Leah said to him, "Do we still have any portion or inheritance in our father's house? 15 "Are we not reckoned by him as foreigners? For he R919 has sold us, and has also entirely F582 consumed our F583 purchase price. 16 "Surely all the wealth which God has taken away from our father belongs to us and our children; now then, do whatever God has said to you."

17 Then Jacob arose and put his children and his wives upon camels; 18 and he drove away all his livestock and all his property which he had gathered, his acquired livestock which he had gathered in Paddan-aram, to R920 go to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac. 19 When Laban had gone to shear his flock, then Rachel stole the household R921 F584 idols that were her father's. 20 And Jacob deceived F585 Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was fleeing. 21 So he fled with all that he had; and he arose and crossed the Euphrates River, and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead. R922

Laban Pursues Jacob

22 When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled, 23 then he took his kinsmen F586 with him and pursued him a distance of seven days' journey, and he overtook him in the hill country of Gilead. 24 God R923 came to Laban the Aramean in a dream R924 of the night and said to him, "Be R925 F587 careful that you do not speak to Jacob either good or bad."

25 Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his kinsmen F588 camped in the hill country of Gilead. 26 Then Laban said to Jacob, "What have you done by F589 deceiving me and carrying away my daughters like captives of the sword? 27 "Why did you flee secretly and deceive F590 me, and did not tell me so that I might have sent you away with joy and with songs, with timbrel R926 and with lyre; R927 28 and did not allow me to R928 kiss my sons and my daughters? Now you have done foolishly. 29 "It is in my F591 power to do you harm, but the R929 God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, `Be R930 F592 careful not to speak either good or bad to Jacob.' 30 "Now you have indeed gone away because you longed greatly for your father's house; but why did you steal my R931 gods?" 31 Then Jacob replied to Laban, "Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force. 32 "The R932 one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our kinsmen F593 point F594 out what is yours among F595 my belongings and take it for yourself." For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.

33 So Laban went into Jacob's tent and into Leah's tent and into the tent of the two maids, but he did not find them. Then he went out of Leah's tent and entered Rachel's tent. 34 Now Rachel had taken the household F596 idols and put them in the camel's saddle, and she sat on them. And Laban felt through all the tent but did not find them. 35 She said to her father, "Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise R933 before you, for the manner of women is upon me." So he searched but did not find the household R934 F597 idols.

36 Then Jacob became angry and contended with Laban; and Jacob said to Laban, "What is my transgression? What is my sin that you have hotly pursued me? 37 "Though you have felt through all my goods, what have you found of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsmen F598 and your kinsmen, F598 that they may decide between us two. 38 "These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten the rams of your flocks. 39 "That which was torn of beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself. You required it of my hand whether stolen by day or stolen by night. 40 "Thus I was: by day the heat F599 consumed me and the frost by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes. 41 "These twenty years I have been in your house; I R935 served you fourteen years for your two daughters and six years for your flock, and you changed R936 my wages ten times. 42 "If the R937 God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had not been for me, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. God R938 has seen my affliction and the toil of my hands, so He rendered R939 judgment last night."

The Covenant of Mizpah

43 Then Laban replied to Jacob, "The daughters are my daughters, and the children are my children, and the R940 flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day to these my daughters or to their children whom they have borne? 44 "So now come, let us make R941 a covenant, you F600 and I, and let R942 it be a witness between you F601 and me." 45 Then Jacob took a R943 stone and set it up as a pillar. 46 Jacob said to his kinsmen, F602 "Gather stones." So they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there by the heap. 47 Now Laban called R944 it Jegar-sahadutha, F603 but Jacob called it Galeed. F604 48 Laban said, "This R945 heap is a witness between you F605 and me this day." Therefore it was named Galeed, 49 and Mizpah, R946 F606 for he said, "May the LORD watch between you F607 and me when we are absent F608 one from the other. 50 "If you mistreat my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no man is with us, see, God R947 is witness between you F609 and me." 51 Laban said to Jacob, "Behold this heap and behold the pillar which I have set between you F610 and me. 52 "This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness, that I will not pass by this heap to you for harm, and you will not pass by this heap and this pillar to me, for harm. 53 "The R948 God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge R949 between us." So Jacob swore by the R950 fear of his father Isaac. 54 Then Jacob offered R951 a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his kinsmen F611 to the F612 meal; and they ate the F613 meal and spent the night on the mountain. 55 Early F614 in the morning Laban arose, and kissed R952 his sons and his daughters and blessed them. Then Laban departed and returned to his place.

F574: Lit he
F575: Lit glory
F576: Lit face
F577: Lit face
F578: Or conceiving
F579: Lit leaping upon the flock
F580: Lit leaping upon the flock
F581: Lit go out from
F582: I.e. enjoyed the benefit of
F583: Lit our money
F584: Hebrew teraphim
F585: Lit stole the heart of
F586: Lit brothers
F587: Lit Take heed to yourself
F588: Lit brothers
F589: Lit and you have stolen my heart
F590: Lit steal me
F591: Lit the power of my hand
F592: Lit Take heed to yourself
F593: Lit brothers
F594: Lit recognize
F595: Lit with me
F596: Hebrew teraphim
F597: Hebrew teraphim
F598: Lit brothers
F598: Lit brothers
F599: Or drought
F600: Lit I and you
F601: Lit me and you
F602: Lit brothers
F603: I.e. the heap of witness, in Aram
F604: I.e. the heap of witness, in Heb
F605: Lit me and you
F606: Lit the Mizpah; i.e. the watchtower
F607: Lit me and you
F608: Lit hidden
F609: Lit me and you
F610: Lit me and you
F611: Lit brothers
F612: Lit eat bread
F613: Lit bread
F614: Ch 32:1 in Heb

R904: Genesis 32:9
R905: Genesis 28:15
R906: Genesis 31:2
R907: Genesis 21:22; 28:13,15; 31:29,42,53; Isaiah 41:10; Hebrews 13:5
R908: Genesis 30:29
R909: Genesis 29:25
R910: Genesis 31:41
R911: Genesis 15:1; 31:29
R912: Genesis 30:32
R913: Genesis 31:1,16
R914: Genesis 16:7-11; 22:11,15; 31:13; 48:16
R915: Exodus 3:7
R916: Genesis 28:13,19
R917: Genesis 28:18,20
R918: Genesis 28:15; 32:9
R919: Genesis 29:20,23,27
R920: Genesis 35:27
R921: Genesis 31:30,34; 35:2; Judges 17:5; 1 Samuel 19:13; Hosea 3:4
R922: Genesis 37:25
R923: Genesis 20:3; 31:29
R924: Genesis 20:3,6; 31:11
R925: Genesis 24:50; 31:7,29
R926: Exodus 15:20
R927: Genesis 4:21
R928: Genesis 31:55
R929: Genesis 31:5,24,42,53
R930: Genesis 31:24
R931: Genesis 31:19; Joshua 24:2; Judges 18:24
R932: Genesis 44:9
R933: Leviticus 19:32
R934: Genesis 31:19
R935: Genesis 29:27,30
R936: Genesis 31:7
R937: Genesis 31:5,29,53
R938: Genesis 29:32; Exodus 3:7
R939: Genesis 31:24,29
R940: Genesis 31:1
R941: Genesis 21:27,32; 26:28
R942: Joshua 24:27
R943: Genesis 28:18; Joshua 24:26,27
R944: Joshua 22:34
R945: Joshua 24:27
R946: Judges 11:29; 1 Samuel 7:5,6
R947: Jeremiah 29:23; 42:5
R948: Genesis 28:13
R949: Genesis 16:5
R950: Genesis 31:42
R951: Exodus 18:12
R952: Genesis 31:28,43


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