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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Genesis 32
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of GenesisClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    32:1-32 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Jacob's Fear of Esau

1 Now as Jacob went on his way, the R953 angels of God met him. 2 Jacob said when he saw them, "This is God's camp." F615 So he named that place Mahanaim. R954 F616

3 Then Jacob sent R955 messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, R956 the country F617 of Edom. R957 4 He also commanded them saying, "Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: `Thus says your servant Jacob, "I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed R958 until now; 5 I R959 have oxen and donkeys and flocks and male and female servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that R960 I may find favor in your sight.""'

6 The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, "We came to your brother Esau, and furthermore he R961 is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him." 7 Then Jacob was greatly R962 afraid and distressed; and he divided the people who were with him, and the flocks and the herds and the camels, into two companies; 8 for he said, "If Esau comes to the one company and attacks F618 it, then the company which is left will escape."

9 Jacob said, "O God R963 of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O LORD, who said to me, `Return R964 to your country and to your relatives, and I will prosper F619 you,' 10 I F620 am unworthy of R965 all the lovingkindness and of all the faithfulness F621 which You have shown to Your servant; for with my staff only I crossed this Jordan, and now I have become two companies. 11 "Deliver R966 me, I pray, from R967 the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, that he will come and attack F622 me and the mothers R968 with the children. 12 "For You said, `I R969 will surely prosper F623 you and make R970 your descendants F624 as the sand of the sea, which is too great to be numbered.' "

13 So he spent the night there. Then he selected F625 from what he F626 had with him a present R971 for his brother Esau: 14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15 thirty milking camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys. 16 He delivered them into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, "Pass on before me, and put a space between droves." 17 He commanded the one F627 in front, saying, "When my brother Esau meets you and asks you, saying, `To whom do you belong, and where are you going, and to whom do these animals in front of you belong?' 18 then you shall say, `These belong to your servant Jacob; it is a present sent to my lord Esau. And behold, he also is behind us.' " 19 Then he commanded also the second and the third, and all those who followed the droves, saying, "After this manner you shall speak to Esau when you find him; 20 and you shall say, `Behold, your servant Jacob also is behind us.' " For he said, "I will appease him with the present that goes before me. Then afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me." 21 So the present passed on before him, while he himself spent that night in the camp.

22 Now he arose that same night and took his two wives and his two maids and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok. R972 23 He took them and sent them across the stream. And he sent across whatever he had.

Jacob Wrestles

24 Then Jacob was left alone, and a man wrestled R973 with him until daybreak. 25 When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he touched the socket of his thigh; so the socket of Jacob's thigh was dislocated while he wrestled with him. 26 Then he said, "Let me go, for the dawn is breaking." But he said, "I R974 will not let you go unless you bless me." 27 So he said to him, "What is your name?" And he said, "Jacob." 28 He R975 said, "Your name shall no longer be Jacob, but Israel; F628 for you have striven with God and with men and have prevailed." 29 Then Jacob R976 asked him and said, "Please tell me your name." But he said, "Why is it that you ask my name?" And he blessed him there. 30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, F629 for he said, "I R977 have seen God face to face, yet my life F630 has been preserved." 31 Now the sun rose upon him just as he crossed over Penuel, R978 and he was limping on his thigh. 32 Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the sinew of the hip which is on the socket of the thigh, because he touched the socket of Jacob's thigh in the sinew of the hip.
FOOTNOTES:
F615: Or company
F616: I.e. Two Camps, or Two Companies
F617: Lit field
F618: Lit smites
F619: Lit do good with you
F620: Lit I am less than all
F621: Or truth
F622: Lit smite
F623: Lit do good with
F624: Lit seed
F625: Lit took
F626: Lit had come to his hand
F627: Lit first
F628: I.e. he who strives with God; or God strives
F629: I.e. the face of God
F630: Lit soul

CROSS REFERENCES:
R953: 2 Kings 6:16,17; Psalms 34:7
R954: Joshua 21:38; 2 Samuel 2:8
R955: Genesis 27:41,42; 32:7,11
R956: Genesis 14:6; 33:14
R957: Genesis 25:30; 36:8,9
R958: Genesis 31:41
R959: Genesis 30:43
R960: Genesis 33:8
R961: Genesis 33:1
R962: Genesis 32:11
R963: Genesis 28:13; 31:42
R964: Genesis 28:15; 31:3,13
R965: Genesis 24:27
R966: Psalms 59:1,2
R967: Genesis 27:41,42; 33:4
R968: Hosea 10:14
R969: Genesis 28:14
R970: Genesis 22:17
R971: Genesis 43:11
R972: Deuteronomy 3:16; Joshua 12:2
R973: Hosea 12:3,4
R974: Hosea 12:4
R975: Genesis 35:10; 1 Kings 18:31
R976: Judges 13:17,18
R977: Genesis 16:13; Exodus 24:10,11; 33:20; Numbers 12:8; Judges 6:22; 13:22
R978: Judges 8:8

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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