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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Genesis 42
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of GenesisClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    42:1-38 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Joseph's Brothers Sent to Egypt

1 Now Jacob R1200 saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, "Why are you staring at one another?" 2 He said, "Behold, I R1201 have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down there and buy some for us from F846 that place, so R1202 that we may live and not die." 3 Then ten brothers of Joseph went down to buy grain from Egypt. 4 But Jacob did not send Joseph's brother Benjamin R1203 with his brothers, for he said, "I R1204 am afraid that harm may befall him." 5 So the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who were coming, for R1205 the famine was in the land of Canaan also.

6 Now Joseph R1206 was the ruler over the land; he was the one who sold to all the people of the land. And Joseph's brothers came and bowed R1207 down to him with their faces to the ground. 7 When Joseph saw his brothers he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke R1208 to them harshly. And he said to them, "Where have you come from?" And they said, "From the land of Canaan, to buy food."

8 But Joseph had recognized his brothers, although they R1209 did not recognize him. 9 Joseph remembered R1210 the dreams which he had F847 about them, and said to them, "You are spies; you have come to look at the undefended F848 parts of our land." 10 Then they said to him, "No, my R1211 lord, but your servants have come to buy food. 11 "We are all sons of one man; we are honest R1212 men, your servants are not spies." 12 Yet he said to them, "No, but you have come to look at the undefended F849 parts of our land!" 13 But they said, "Your servants are twelve brothers in all, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is with our R1213 father today, and one R1214 is no longer alive." 14 Joseph said to them, "It is as I said to F850 you, you are spies; 15 by this you will be tested: by R1215 the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here! 16 "Send one of you that he may get your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth R1216 in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies." 17 So he put them all together in prison R1217 for three days.

18 Now Joseph said to them on the third day, "Do this and live, for I R1218 fear God: 19 if you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined in your F851 prison; but as for the rest of you, go, carry grain for the famine of your households, 20 and bring R1219 your youngest brother to me, so your words may be verified, and you will not die." And they did so. 21 Then they said to one another, "Truly R1220 we are guilty concerning our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us, yet we would not listen; therefore this distress has come upon us." 22 Reuben answered them, saying, "Did R1221 I not tell you, F852 `Do not sin against the boy'; and you would not listen? Now R1222 F853 comes the reckoning for his blood." 23 They did not know, however, that Joseph understood, for there was an interpreter between them. 24 He turned away from them and wept. R1223 But when he returned to them and spoke to them, he took R1224 Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes. 25 Then R1225 Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain and to restore every man's money in his sack, and to give them provisions for the journey. And thus it was done for them.

26 So they loaded their donkeys with their grain and departed from there. 27 As one of them opened his sack to give his donkey fodder at the lodging place, he saw his money; R1226 and behold, it was in the mouth of his sack. 28 Then he said to his brothers, "My money has been returned, and behold, it is even in my sack." And their hearts sank, F854 and they turned trembling F855 to one another, saying, "What R1227 is this that God has done to us?"

Simeon Is Held Hostage

29 When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told him all that had happened to them, saying, 30 "The man, the lord of the land, spoke R1228 harshly with us, and took us for spies of the country. 31 "But we said to him, `We are honest R1229 men; we are not spies. 32 `We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no longer alive, and the youngest is with our father today in the land of Canaan.' 33 "The man, the lord of the land, said to us, `By R1230 this I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me and take grain for the famine of your households, and go. 34 `But bring your youngest brother to me that I may know that you are not spies, but honest F856 men. I will give your brother to you, and you may trade R1231 in the land.' "

35 Now it came about as they were emptying their sacks, that behold, every R1232 man's bundle of money was in his sack; and when they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were dismayed. 36 Their father Jacob said to them, "You have bereaved R1233 me of my children: Joseph is no more, and Simeon is no more, and you would take Benjamin; all these things are against me." 37 Then Reuben spoke to his father, saying, "You may put my two sons to death if I do not bring him back to you; put him in my care, F857 and I will return him to you." 38 But Jacob F858 said, "My son shall not go down with you; for his brother R1234 is dead, and he alone is left. If R1235 harm should befall him on the journey you F859 are taking, then you will bring R1236 my gray hair down to Sheol in sorrow."


FOOTNOTES:
F846: Lit from there
F847: Lit had dreamed
F848: Lit nakedness of the land
F849: Lit nakedness of the land
F850: Lit to you, saying
F851: Lit the house of your prison
F852: Lit you saying
F853: Lit And behold, his blood also is required
F854: Lit went out
F855: Lit trembled
F856: Lit you are honest
F857: Lit hand
F858: Lit he
F859: Lit on which you are going

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1200: Acts 7:12
R1201: Acts 7:12
R1202: Genesis 43:8; Psalms 33:18,19
R1203: Genesis 35:24
R1204: Genesis 42:38
R1205: Genesis 12:10; 26:1; 41:57; Acts 7:11
R1206: Genesis 41:41,55
R1207: Genesis 37:7-10; 41:43; Isaiah 60:14
R1208: Genesis 42:30
R1209: Genesis 37:2; 41:46
R1210: Genesis 37:6-9
R1211: Genesis 37:8
R1212: Genesis 42:16,19,31,34
R1213: Genesis 43:7
R1214: Genesis 37:30; 42:32; 44:20
R1215: 1 Samuel 17:55
R1216: Genesis 42:11
R1217: Genesis 40:4,7
R1218: Genesis 39:9; Leviticus 25:43; Nehemiah 5:15
R1219: Genesis 42:34; 43:5; 44:23
R1220: Genesis 37:26-28; 45:3; Hosea 5:15
R1221: Genesis 37:21,22
R1222: Genesis 9:5,6; 1 Kings 2:32; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Psalms 9:12
R1223: Genesis 43:30; 45:14,15
R1224: Genesis 43:14,23
R1225: Genesis 44:1; Romans 12:17,20,21; 1 Peter 3:9
R1226: Genesis 43:21,22
R1227: Genesis 43:23
R1228: Genesis 42:7
R1229: Genesis 42:11
R1230: Genesis 42:19,20
R1231: Genesis 34:10
R1232: Genesis 43:12,15,21
R1233: Genesis 43:14
R1234: Genesis 37:33,34; 42:13; 44:27,28
R1235: Genesis 42:4
R1236: Genesis 37:35; 44:29,31

 
 

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