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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Isaiah 28
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of IsaiahClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    28:1-29 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Ephraim's Captivity Predicted

1 Woe to the proud crown of the drunkards R973 of Ephraim, R974

And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty,

Which is at the head of the fertile F362 valley

Of those who are overcome F363 with wine!

2 Behold, the Lord has a strong and mighty R975 agent;

As a storm of hail, R976 a tempest of destruction,

Like a storm of mighty R977 overflowing waters,

He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.

3 The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is trodden R978 under foot.

4 And the fading flower of its glorious beauty,

Which is at the head of the fertile F364 valley,

Will be like the first-ripe R979 fig prior to summer,

Which one F365 sees,

And as F366 soon as it is in his hand, F367

He swallows it.

5 In that day the LORD R980 of hosts will become a beautiful crown R981

And a glorious diadem to the remnant of His people;

6 A spirit R982 of justice for him who sits in judgment,

A strength R983 to those who repel the onslaught F368 at the gate.

7 And these also reel R984 with wine and stagger from strong drink:

The R985 priest and the R986 prophet reel with strong drink,

They are confused by wine, they stagger from strong R987 drink;

They reel while having F369 visions, R988

They totter when rendering judgment.

8 For all the tables are full of filthy vomit, R989 without a single clean place.

9 "To whom R990 would He teach knowledge,

And to whom would He interpret the message?

Those just weaned R991 from milk?

Those just taken from the breast?

10 "For He says,

`Order R992 F370 on order, order on order,

Line on line, line on line,

A little here, a little there.' "

11 Indeed, He will speak to this people

Through stammering R993 lips and a foreign tongue,

12 He who said to them, "Here is rest, R994 give rest to the weary,"

And, "Here is repose," but they would not listen.

13 So the word of the LORD to them will be,

"Order F371 on order, order on order,

Line on line, line on line,

A little here, a little there,"

That they may go and stumble R995 backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

Judah Is Warned

14 Therefore, hear R996 the word of the LORD, O scoffers, R997

Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,

15 Because you have said, "We have made a covenant R998 with death,

And with Sheol F372 we have made a pact. F373

The R999 overwhelming scourge F374 will not reach us when it passes by,

For we have made falsehood R1000 our refuge and we have concealed R1001 ourselves with deception."

16 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD F375 , "Behold, R1002 I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested stone, R1003 A costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly F376 placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed. F377

17 "I will make justice R1004 the measuring line

And righteousness the level;

Then hail R1005 will sweep away the refuge of lies

And the waters will overflow the secret place.

18 "Your covenant R1006 with death will be canceled, R1007 F378

And your pact with Sheol will not stand;

When the overwhelming R1006 scourge passes through,

Then you become its trampling R1008 place.

19 "As often R1009 as it passes through, it will seize F379 you;

For morning R1010 after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night,

And it will be sheer F380 terror R1011 to understand what F381 it means."

20 The bed is too short on which to stretch out,

And the blanket R1012 is too small F382 to wrap oneself in.

21 For the LORD will rise up as at Mount Perazim, R1013

He will be stirred up as in the valley of Gibeon, R1014

To do His task, R1015 His unusual R1016 F383 task,

And to work His work, His extraordinary F384 work.

22 And now do not carry on as scoffers, R1017

Or your fetters will be made stronger;

For I have heard from the Lord GOD F385 of hosts

Of decisive destruction R1018 on all the earth.

23 Give ear and hear my voice,

Listen and hear my words.

24 Does the farmer F386 plow continually F387 to plant seed?

Does he continually turn F388 and harrow the ground?

25 Does he not level its surface

And sow dill and scatter cummin R1019

And plant F389 wheat R1020 in rows,

Barley in its place and rye within its area? F390

26 For his God instructs and teaches him properly.

27 For dill is not threshed with a threshing R1021 sledge,

Nor is the cartwheel driven F391 over cummin;

But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.

28 Grain for bread is crushed,

Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever.

Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually damage F392 it,

He does not thresh it longer.

29 This also comes from the LORD of hosts,

Who has made His counsel wonderful R1022 and His wisdom great. R1023


FOOTNOTES:
F362: Lit valley of fatness
F363: Lit smitten
F364: Lit valley of fatness
F365: Lit the one seeing sees
F366: Lit while it is yet
F367: Lit palm
F368: Lit battle
F369: Lit seeing
F370: Hebrew Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze' er sham, ze' er sham These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet's preaching
F371: V 10, note 1 The L\ORD/ responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror
F372: I.e. the nether world
F373: So some ancient versions; Hebrew seer
F374: Or flood
F375: Hebrew YHWH, usually rendered L\ORD/
F376: Lit well-laid
F377: Lit in a hurry
F378: Lit covered over
F379: Lit take
F380: Lit only
F381: Lit the report, or, the message
F382: Lit narrow
F383: Lit task is strange
F384: Lit work is alien
F385: Hebrew YHWH, usually rendered L\ORD/
F386: Lit plowman
F387: Lit all day
F388: Lit open
F389: Lit put
F390: Lit region
F391: Lit rolled
F392: Lit discomfit

CROSS REFERENCES:
R973: Isaiah 28:7; Hosea 7:5
R974: Isaiah 9:9
R975: Isaiah 8:7; 40:10
R976: Isaiah 28:17; 30:30; 32:19; Ezekiel 13:11
R977: Isaiah 8:6,7; 30:28; Nahum 1:8
R978: Isaiah 26:6; 28:18
R979: Hosea 9:10; Micah 7:1; Nahum 3:12
R980: Isaiah 41:16; 45:25; 60:1,19
R981: Isaiah 62:3
R982: 1 Kings 3:28; Isaiah 11:2; 32:15,16; John 5:30
R983: 2 Chronicles 32:6-8; Isaiah 25:4
R984: Isaiah 5:11,22; 22:13; 56:12; Hosea 4:11
R985: Isaiah 24:2
R986: Isaiah 9:15
R987: Habakkuk 2:15,16
R988: Isaiah 29:11
R989: Jeremiah 48:26
R990: Isaiah 2:3; 28:26; 30:20; 48:17; 50:4; 54:13
R991: Psalms 131:2
R992: 2 Chronicles 36:15; Nehemiah 9:30
R993: Isaiah 33:19; 1 Corinthians 14:21
R994: Isaiah 11:10; 30:15; 32:17,18; Jeremiah 6:16; Matthew 11:28,29
R995: Isaiah 8:15; Matthew 21:44
R996: Isaiah 1:10; 28:22
R997: Isaiah 29:20
R998: Isaiah 28:18
R999: Isaiah 8:8; 28:2; 30:28; Daniel 11:22
R1000: Isaiah 9:15; 30:9; 44:20; 59:3,4; Ezekiel 13:22
R1001: Isaiah 29:15
R1002: Romans 9:33; 10:11; 1 Peter 2:6
R1003: Psalms 118:22; Isaiah 8:14,15; Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:11; Ephesians 2:20
R1004: 2 Kings 21:13; Isaiah 5:16; 30:18; 61:8; Amos 7:7-9
R1005: Isaiah 28:2
R1006: Isaiah 28:15
R1007: Isaiah 7:7; 8:10
R1006: Isaiah 28:15
R1008: Isaiah 28:3; Daniel 8:13
R1009: 2 Kings 24:2
R1010: Isaiah 50:4
R1011: Job 1:6:4; 18:11; 24:17; Psalms 55:4; 88:15; Lamentations 2:22
R1012: Isaiah 59:6
R1013: 2 Samuel 5:20; 1 Chronicles 14:11
R1014: Joshua 10:10,12; 2 Samuel 5:25; 1 Chronicles 14:16
R1015: Isaiah 10:12; 29:14; 65:7
R1016: Lamentations 2:15; 3:33; Luke 19:41-44
R1017: Isaiah 28:14
R1018: Isaiah 10:22,23
R1019: Matthew 23:23
R1020: Exodus 9:32
R1021: Amos 1:3
R1022: Isaiah 9:6
R1023: Isaiah 31:2; Romans 11:33

 
 

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