Prophecy against Babylon
1 The word which the LORD spoke concerning Babylon, R2444 the land of the Chaldeans, through Jeremiah the prophet:
2 "Declare R2445 and proclaim among the nations.
Proclaim it and lift R2446 up a standard.
Do not conceal it but say,
`Babylon R2447 has been captured,
Bel R2448 has been put to shame, Marduk F550 has been shattered; F551
Her images R2449 have been put to shame, her idols have been shattered.' 3 "For a nation has come up against her out of the north; R2450 it will make her land an R2451 object of horror, and there will be no R2452 inhabitant in it. Both man and beast have wandered off, they have gone away!
4 "In those days and at that time," declares the LORD, "the sons of Israel will come, both they and the sons of Judah as R2453 well; they will go along weeping R2454 as they go, and it will be the R2455 LORD their God they will seek. 5 "They will ask R2456 for the way to Zion, turning their faces in F552 its direction; they F553 will F554 come that they may join themselves to the LORD in an everlasting R2457 covenant that will not be forgotten.
6 "My people have become lost R2458 sheep;
Their R2459 shepherds have led them astray.
They have made them turn aside on the mountains; R2460
They have gone along from mountain to hill
And have forgotten their resting R2461 place.
7 "All who came upon them have devoured them;
And their adversaries have said, `We R2462 are not guilty,
Inasmuch as they have sinned against the LORD who is the habitation R2463 of righteousness,
Even the LORD, the hope R2464 of their fathers.'
8 "Wander away from the midst R2465 of Babylon
And go F555 forth from the land of the Chaldeans;
Be also like male goats at F556 the head of the flock.
9 "For behold, I am going to arouse R2466 and bring up against Babylon
A horde of great nations from the land of the north,
And they will draw up their battle lines against her;
From there she will be taken captive.
Their arrows will be like an F557 expert warrior
Who does not return empty-handed.
10 "Chaldea R2467 F558 will become plunder;
All who plunder her will have enough," declares the LORD.
11 "Because you are glad, because you are jubilant,
O you who pillage R2468 My heritage,
Because you skip about like F559 a threshing heifer R2469
And neigh like stallions, F560
12 Your mother R2470 will F561 be greatly ashamed,
She who gave you birth will F561 be humiliated.
Behold, she will be the least of the nations,
A wilderness, R2471 a parched land and a desert.
13 "Because of the indignation of the LORD she will not R2472 be inhabited,
But she will be completely R2473 desolate;
Everyone who passes by Babylon will R2474 be horrified
And will hiss because of all her wounds.
14 "Draw up your battle lines against Babylon on every side,
All you who bend F562 the bow;
Shoot at her, do not be sparing with your arrows,
For she has sinned R2475 against the LORD.
15 "Raise your battle cry against her on every side!
She has given R2476 herself F563 up, her pillars have fallen,
Her walls R2477 have been torn down.
For this is the vengeance R2478 of the LORD:
Take vengeance on her;
As R2479 she has done to others, so do to her.
16 "Cut off the sower R2480 from Babylon
And the one who wields the sickle at the time of harvest;
From before the F564 sword R2481 of the oppressor
They R2482 will each turn back to his own people
And they will each flee to his own land.
17 "Israel is a scattered R2483 flock, F565 the lions R2484 have driven them away. The first one who devoured him was the king R2485 of Assyria, and this last one who has broken his bones is Nebuchadnezzar R2486 king of Babylon. 18 "Therefore thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: `Behold, I am going to punish the king of Babylon and his land, just as I punished R2487 the king of Assyria. 19 `And I will bring R2488 Israel back to his pasture and he will graze on Carmel and Bashan, and his desire F566 will be satisfied in the hill R2489 country of Ephraim and Gilead. 20 `In those days and at that time,' declares the LORD, `search will be made for the iniquity of Israel, but there R2490 will be none; and for the sins of Judah, but they will not be found; for I will pardon those whom R2491 I leave as a remnant.'
21 "Against the land of Merathaim, F567 go up against it,
And against the inhabitants of Pekod. R2492 F568
Slay and utterly F569 destroy them," declares the LORD,
"And do according to all that I have commanded you.
22 "The noise R2493 of battle is in the land,
And great destruction.
23 "How the hammer R2494 of the whole earth
Has been cut off and broken!
How Babylon has become
An object of horror among the nations!
24 "I set R2495 a snare for you and you were also caught, R2496 O Babylon,
While you yourself were not aware;
You have been found and also seized
Because you have engaged in conflict R2497 with the LORD."
25 The LORD has opened His armory
And has brought forth the weapons R2498 of His indignation,
For it is a work R2499 of the Lord GOD F570 of hosts
In the land of the Chaldeans.
26 Come to her from the farthest F571 border;
Open R2500 up her barns,
Pile her up like heaps
And utterly R2501 F572 destroy her,
Let nothing be left to her.
27 Put R2502 all her young bulls to the sword;
Let them go R2503 down to the slaughter!
Woe be upon them, for their day R2504 has come,
The time of their punishment.
28 There is a sound R2505 of fugitives and refugees from the land of Babylon,
To declare in Zion the vengeance R2506 of the LORD our God,
Vengeance for His temple. R2507
29 "Summon many F573 against Babylon,
All those who bend F574 the bow:
Encamp against her on every side,
Let there be no escape. F575
Repay her according to her work;
According R2508 to all that she has done, so do to her;
For she has become arrogant R2509 against the LORD,
Against the Holy One of Israel.
30 "Therefore her young R2510 men will fall in her streets,
And all her men of war will be silenced R2511 F576 in that day," declares the LORD.
31 "Behold, I R2512 am against you, O arrogant F577 one,"
Declares the Lord GOD F578 of hosts,
"For your day has come,
The time when F579 I will punish you.
32 "The arrogant R2513 F580 one will stumble and fall
With no one to raise him up;
And I will set R2514 fire to his cities
And it will devour all his environs."
33 Thus says the LORD of hosts,
"The sons of Israel are oppressed,
And the sons of Judah as well;
And all R2515 who took them captive have held them fast,
They have refused to let them go.
34 "Their Redeemer R2516 is strong, the R2517 LORD of hosts is His name;
He will vigorously plead R2518 their case
So that He may bring R2519 rest to the F581 earth,
But turmoil to the inhabitants of Babylon.
35 "A sword R2520 against the Chaldeans," declares the LORD,
"And against the inhabitants of Babylon
And against her officials R2521 and her wise R2522 men!
36 "A sword against the oracle R2523 priests, and they will become fools!
A sword against her mighty R2524 men, and they will be shattered! R2525 F582
37 "A sword against their F583 horses R2526 and against their F583 chariots
And against all the foreigners R2527 F584 who are in the midst of her,
And they will become women! R2528
A sword against her treasures, and they will be plundered!
38 "A drought R2529 F585 on her waters, and they will be dried up!
For it is a land of idols, R2530
And they are mad over fearsome idols.
39 "Therefore the desert R2531 creatures will live there along with the jackals;
The ostriches also will live in it,
And it will never R2532 again be inhabited
Or dwelt in from generation to generation.
40 "As when God overthrew Sodom R2533
And Gomorrah with its neighbors," declares the LORD,
"No man will live there,
Nor will any son of man reside in it.
41 "Behold, a people is coming from R2534 the north,
And a great nation and many kings
Will be aroused from the remote parts of the earth.
42 "They seize R2535 their bow and javelin;
They are cruel R2536 and have no mercy.
Their voice R2537 roars like the sea;
And they ride on horses, R2538
Marshalled R2539 like a man for the battle
Against you, O daughter of Babylon.
43 "The king R2540 of Babylon has heard the report about them,
And his hands hang limp;
Distress R2541 has gripped him,
Agony like a woman in childbirth.
44 "Behold, R2542 one will come up like a lion from the thicket F586 of the Jordan to a F587 perennially watered pasture; for in an instant I will make them run away from it, and whoever is chosen R2543 I will appoint over it. For who is like R2544 Me, and who will summon Me into court? And who then is the shepherd who can stand R2545 before Me?" 45 Therefore hear the plan R2546 of the LORD which He has planned against Babylon, and His purposes which He has purposed against the land of the Chaldeans: surely R2547 they will drag them off, even the little ones of the flock; surely He will make their pasture F588 desolate because of them. 46 At the shout, F589 "Babylon has been seized!" the earth R2548 is shaken, and an outcry R2549 is heard among the nations.
F550: Hebrew Merodach
F551: Or dismayed
F552: Lit hither
F553: M.T. reads come ye!
F554: Or will have come
F555: Another reading is let them go forth
F556: Or in front of
F557: So some mss and versions; M.T. reads a warrior who makes childless
F558: Or the Chaldeans
F559: Another reading is in the grass
F560: Lit mighty ones
F561: Or has become
F561: Or has become
F562: Lit tread (in order to string)
F563: Lit her hand
F564: Or the oppressing sword
F565: Lit sheep
F566: Lit soul
F567: Or Double Rebellion
F568: Or Punishment
F569: Lit put under the ban
F570: Hebrew YHWH, usually rendered L\ORD/
F571: Lit end
F572: Lit put under the ban
F573: Another reading is archers
F574: Lit tread (in order to string)
F575: Some mss add to her
F576: Or made lifeless or destroyed
F577: Lit arrogance
F578: Hebrew YHWH, usually rendered L\ORD/
F579: Another reading is of your punishment
F580: Lit arrogance
F581: Or their land
F582: Or dismayed
F583: Lit his
F583: Lit his
F584: Lit mixed multitude
F585: Another reading is sword
F586: Lit pride
F587: Or an enduring habitation
F588: Or habitation
F589: Lit voice
R2444: Genesis 10:10; 11:9; 2 Kings 17:24; Isaiah 13:1; 47:1; Daniel 1:1; Revelation 14:8
R2445: Jeremiah 4:16
R2446: Jeremiah 51:27
R2447: Jeremiah 51:31
R2448: Isaiah 46:1
R2449: Jeremiah 51:47
R2450: Isaiah 13:17; Jeremiah 50:9; 51:11,27
R2451: Isaiah 14:22,23; Jeremiah 50:13
R2452: Jeremiah 9:10,11; Zephaniah 1:3
R2453: Isaiah 11:12,13; Jeremiah 3:18; 31:31; 33:7; Hosea 1:11
R2454: Ezra 3:12,13; Psalms 126:5; Jeremiah 31:9
R2455: Hosea 3:5
R2456: Isaiah 35:8; Jeremiah 6:16
R2457: Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 32:40; Hebrews 8:6-10
R2458: Isaiah 53:6; Ezekiel 34:15,16; Matthew 9:36; 10:6
R2459: Jeremiah 23:11-14
R2460: Jeremiah 13:16; Ezekiel 34:6
R2461: Jeremiah 33:12; 50:19
R2462: Jeremiah 2:3; Zechariah 11:5
R2463: Jeremiah 31:23; 40:2,3
R2464: Psalms 22:4; Jeremiah 14:8; 17:13
R2465: Isaiah 48:20; Jeremiah 51:6; Revelation 18:4
R2466: Jeremiah 51:1
R2467: Jeremiah 51:24,35; Ezekiel 11:24
R2468: Jeremiah 12:14
R2469: Jeremiah 46:20
R2470: Jeremiah 15:9
R2471: Jeremiah 22:6; 51:43
R2472: Jeremiah 34:22
R2473: Jeremiah 51:26
R2474: Jeremiah 18:16; 49:17
R2475: Habakkuk 2:8,17
R2476: 1 Chronicles 29:24; 2 Chronicles 30:8; Lamentations 5:6
R2477: Jeremiah 50:44; 51:58
R2478: Jeremiah 46:10
R2479: Psalms 137:8; Revelation 18:6
R2480: Joel 1:11
R2481: Jeremiah 25:38; 46:16
R2482: Isaiah 13:14
R2483: Joel 3:2
R2484: Jeremiah 2:15; 4:7
R2485: 2 Kings 15:19; 17:6; 18:9-13
R2486: 2 Kings 24:1,10-12; 25:1-7
R2487: Isaiah 10:12; Ezekiel 31:3,11,12; Nahum 3:7,18,19
R2488: Isaiah 65:10; Jeremiah 31:10; 33:12; Ezekiel 34:13
R2489: Jeremiah 31:6
R2490: Isaiah 43:25; Jeremiah 31:34; Micah 7:19
R2491: Isaiah 1:9
R2492: Ezekiel 23:23
R2493: Jeremiah 4:19-21; 51:54-56
R2494: Jeremiah 51:20-24
R2495: Jeremiah 48:43,44
R2496: Jeremiah 51:31; Daniel 5:30,31
R2497: Job 1:9:4; 40:2,9
R2498: Isaiah 13:5
R2499: Jeremiah 50:15; 51:12,25,55
R2500: Isaiah 45:3; Jeremiah 50:10
R2501: Isaiah 14:23
R2502: Isaiah 34:7
R2503: Jeremiah 48:10
R2504: Psalms 37:13; Jeremiah 46:21; 48:44; Ezekiel 7:7
R2505: Isaiah 48:20
R2506: Psalms 149:6-9; Jeremiah 50:15; 51:10
R2507: Lamentations 1:10; 2:6,7
R2508: Psalms 137:8; Jeremiah 50:15; 51:56; 2 Thessalonians 1:6
R2509: Exodus 10:3; Jeremiah 49:16; Daniel 4:37
R2510: Isaiah 13:17,18; Jeremiah 9:21; 18:21; 49:26; 51:4
R2511: Jeremiah 51:57
R2512: Jeremiah 21:13; Nahum 2:13
R2513: Isaiah 10:12-15
R2514: Jeremiah 21:14; 49:27
R2515: Isaiah 14:17; 58:6
R2516: Proverbs 23:11; Isaiah 43:14; Jeremiah 15:21; 31:11; Revelation 18:8
R2517: Isaiah 47:4; Jeremiah 32:18; 51:19
R2518: Jeremiah 51:36; Micah 7:9
R2519: Isaiah 14:3-7
R2520: Jeremiah 47:6; Hosea 11:6
R2521: Daniel 5:1,2
R2522: Daniel 5:7,8
R2523: Isaiah 44:25
R2524: Jeremiah 49:22
R2525: Nahum 3:13
R2526: Psalms 20:7,8; Jeremiah 51:21,22
R2527: Jeremiah 25:20; Ezekiel 30:5
R2528: Jeremiah 48:41; 51:30; Nahum 3:13
R2529: Isaiah 44:27; Jeremiah 51:32,36; Revelation 16:12
R2530: Isaiah 46:1,6,7
R2531: Isaiah 13:21; 34:14; Revelation 18:2
R2532: Isaiah 13:20; Jeremiah 25:12
R2533: Genesis 19:24,25; Isaiah 13:19; Jeremiah 49:18; Luke 17:28-30; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7
R2534: Isaiah 13:2-5; Jeremiah 6:22; 50:3,9; 51:27,28
R2535: Jeremiah 6:23
R2536: Isaiah 13:17,18; 47:6
R2537: Isaiah 5:30
R2538: Jeremiah 8:16; 47:3; Habakkuk 1:8
R2539: Jeremiah 50:9,14; Joel 2:5
R2540: Jeremiah 51:31
R2541: Jeremiah 30:6; 49:24
R2542: Jeremiah 49:19-21
R2543: Numbers 16:5
R2544: Isaiah 46:9
R2545: Job 1:41:10; Jeremiah 30:21
R2546: Psalms 33:11; Isaiah 14:24; Jeremiah 51:10,11
R2547: Jeremiah 49:20
R2548: Jeremiah 10:10; 49:21; Ezekiel 26:18; 31:16
R2549: Isaiah 5:7; 15:5; Jeremiah 46:12; 51:54; Ezekiel 27:28