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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Jeremiah 51
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JeremiahClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    51:1-64 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Babylon Judged for Sins against Israel

1 Thus says the LORD: "Behold, I am going to arouse against Babylon And against the inhabitants of Leb-kamai F590 The F591 spirit R2550 of a destroyer.

2 "I will dispatch foreigners F592 to Babylon that they may winnow R2551 her

And may devastate her land;

For on every side they will be opposed to her

In the day of her calamity.

3 "Let F593 not him F594 who bends R2552 F595 his bow bend F595 it,

Nor F593 let him rise up in his scale-armor; R2553

So do not spare her young men;

Devote all her army to destruction.

4 "They will fall down slain F596 in the land of the Chaldeans,

And pierced R2554 through in their streets."

5 For neither R2555 Israel nor Judah has been forsaken F597

By his God, the LORD of hosts,

Although their land is full R2556 of guilt

Before F598 the Holy One of Israel.

6 Flee R2557 from the midst of Babylon,

And each of you save his life!

Do not be destroyed R2558 F599 in her punishment, F600

For this is the LORD R2559 'S time of vengeance;

He is going to render R2560 recompense to her.

7 Babylon has been a golden cup R2561 in the hand of the LORD,

Intoxicating all the earth.

The nations R2562 have drunk of her wine;

Therefore the nations are going R2563 mad.

8 Suddenly Babylon R2564 has fallen and been broken;

Wail R2565 over her!

Bring R2566 balm F601 for her pain;

Perhaps she may be healed.

9 We applied healing to Babylon, but she was not healed;

Forsake her and let R2567 us each go to his own country,

For her judgment has reached R2568 to heaven

And towers F602 up to the very skies.

10 The LORD has brought R2569 about F603 our vindication;

Come and let us recount R2570 in Zion

The work of the LORD our God!

11 Sharpen R2571 the arrows, fill the quivers!

The LORD has aroused the spirit of the kings of the Medes,

Because His purpose is against Babylon to destroy it;

For it is the vengeance R2572 of the LORD, vengeance for His temple.

12 Lift R2573 up a signal F604 against the walls of Babylon;

Post a strong guard,

Station sentries, F605

Place men in ambush!

For the LORD has both purposed R2574 and performed

What He spoke concerning the inhabitants of Babylon.

13 O you who dwell R2575 by many waters,

Abundant in treasures, R2576

Your end has come,

The measure F606 of your end. R2577 F607

14 The LORD R2578 of hosts has sworn by Himself:

"Surely I will fill you with a population F608 like locusts, R2579

And they will cry out with shouts F609 of victory over you."

15 It is He R2580 who made the earth by His power,

Who established the world by His wisdom,

And by His understanding He stretched R2581 out the heavens.

16 When He utters His voice, R2582 there is a tumult of waters in the heavens,

And He causes the clouds R2583 to ascend from the end of the earth;

He makes lightning for the rain

And brings forth the wind R2584 from His storehouses.

17 All R2585 mankind is stupid, devoid of knowledge;

Every goldsmith is put to shame by his idols, F610

For his molten images are deceitful, R2586

And there is no breath in them.

18 They are worthless, R2587 a work of mockery;

In the time of their punishment they will perish.

19 The portion R2588 of Jacob is not like these;

For the Maker F611 of all is He,

And of the tribe F612 of His inheritance;

The LORD R2589 of hosts is His name.

20 He says, "You are My war-club, R2590 F613 My weapon of war;

And with you I shatter R2591 nations,

And with you I destroy kingdoms.

21 "With you I shatter R2592 the horse and his rider,

And with you I shatter the chariot R2593 and its rider,

22 And with you I shatter man R2594 and woman,

And with you I shatter old man and youth, R2595

And with you I shatter young man and virgin,

23 And with you I shatter the shepherd and his flock,

And with you I shatter the farmer and his team,

And with you I shatter governors and prefects.

24 "But I will repay Babylon and all the inhabitants of Chaldea R2596 for all R2597 their evil that they have done in Zion before your eyes," declares the LORD.

25 "Behold, I R2598 am against you, O R2599 destroying mountain,

Who destroys the whole earth," declares the LORD,

"And I will stretch out My hand against you,

And roll you down from the crags,

And I will make you a burnt R2600 out mountain.

26 "They will not take from you even a stone for a corner

Nor a stone for foundations,

But you will be desolate R2601 forever," declares the LORD.

27 Lift R2602 up a signal F614 in the land,

Blow a trumpet among the nations!

Consecrate the nations against her,

Summon against her the kingdoms R2603 of Ararat, R2604 Minni and Ashkenaz; R2605

Appoint a marshal against her,

Bring up the horses R2606 like bristly locusts.

28 Consecrate the nations against her,

The kings of the Medes,

Their F615 governors and all their F615 prefects, F616

And every land of their F617 dominion.

29 So the land R2607 quakes and writhes,

For the purposes of the LORD against Babylon stand,

To make the land of Babylon

A F618 desolation R2608 without inhabitants.

30 The mighty R2609 men of Babylon have ceased fighting,

They stay in the strongholds;

Their R2610 strength is exhausted, F619

They are becoming like R2610 women;

Their dwelling places are set on fire,

The bars R2611 of her gates are broken.

31 One courier R2612 F620 runs to meet another, F620

And one messenger R2613 F621 to meet another, F621

To tell the king of Babylon

That his city has been captured from end to end;

32 The fords also have been seized,

And they have burned the marshes with fire,

And the men of war are terrified.

33 For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: "The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing R2614 floor At the time it F622 is stamped firm; Yet in a little while the time of harvest R2615 will come for her."

34 "Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has devoured R2616 me and crushed me,

He has set me down like an empty R2617 vessel;

He has swallowed R2618 me like a monster,

He has filled his stomach with my delicacies;

He has washed me away.

35 "May the violence R2619 done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon,"

The inhabitant F623 of Zion will say;

And, "May my blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea,"

Jerusalem will say.

36 Therefore thus says the LORD, "Behold, I am going to plead R2620 your case And exact R2621 full vengeance for you; And I R2622 will dry up her sea F624 And make her fountain dry.

37 "Babylon R2623 will become a heap of ruins, a haunt of jackals,

An object R2624 of horror and hissing, without inhabitants.

38 "They will roar together like young R2625 lions,

They will growl like lions' cubs.

39 "When they become heated up, I will serve them their banquet

And make R2626 them drunk, that they may become jubilant

And may sleep R2627 a perpetual sleep

And not wake up," declares the LORD.

40 "I will bring them down like lambs F625 to R2628 the slaughter,

Like rams together with male goats.

41 "How Sheshak R2629 F626 has been captured,

And the R2630 praise of the whole earth been seized!

How Babylon has become an object of horror among the nations!

42 "The sea R2631 F627 has come up over Babylon;

She has been engulfed with its tumultuous waves.

43 "Her cities have become an object R2632 of horror,

A parched land and a desert,

A land in which no R2633 man lives

And through which no son of man passes.

44 "I R2634 will punish Bel in Babylon,

And I will make what he has swallowed come R2635 out of his mouth;

And the nations will no longer stream R2636 to him.

Even the wall R2637 of Babylon has fallen down!

45 "Come R2638 forth from her midst, My people,

And each of you save R2639 yourselves

From the fierce anger of the LORD.

46 "Now so R2640 that your heart does not grow faint,

And you are not afraid at the report R2641 that will be heard in the land--

For the report will come one F628 year,

And after that another F629 report in another F629 year,

And violence will be in the land

With ruler R2642 against ruler--

47 Therefore behold, days are coming

When I will punish the idols R2643 of Babylon;

And her whole land will be put R2644 to shame

And all her slain will fall in her midst.

48 "Then heaven R2645 and earth and all that is in them

Will shout for joy over Babylon,

For the R2646 destroyers will come to her from the north,"

Declares the LORD.

49 Indeed R2647 Babylon is to fall for the slain of Israel,

As also for Babylon the R2648 slain of all the earth have fallen.

50 You who R2649 have escaped the sword,

Depart! Do not stay!

Remember R2650 the LORD from afar,

And let Jerusalem come F630 to your mind.

51 We R2651 are ashamed because we have heard reproach;

Disgrace has covered our faces,

For aliens R2652 have entered

The holy places of the LORD'S house.

52 "Therefore behold, the days are coming," declares the LORD,

"When I will punish her idols, R2653

And the mortally wounded will groan throughout her land.

53 "Though Babylon should ascend R2654 to the heavens,

And though she should fortify her F631 lofty stronghold,

From Me R2655 destroyers will come to her," declares the LORD.

54 The sound R2656 of an outcry from Babylon,

And of great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans!

55 For the LORD is going to destroy Babylon,

And He will make her loud noise F632 vanish from her.

And their waves R2657 will roar like many waters;

The tumult of their voices sounds F633 forth.

56 For the destroyer R2658 is coming against her, against Babylon,

And her mighty men will be captured,

Their bows R2659 are shattered;

For the LORD is a God of recompense, R2660

He will fully repay.

57 "I will make R2661 her princes and her wise men drunk,

Her governors, her prefects and her mighty men,

That they may sleep a perpetual R2662 sleep and not wake up,"

Declares R2663 the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.

58 Thus says the LORD of hosts, "The broad wall R2664 of Babylon will be completely razed And her high gates R2665 will be set on fire; So the peoples will toil R2666 for nothing, And the nations become exhausted R2667 only for fire."

59 The message F634 which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, R2668 the grandson of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah R2669 the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. (Now Seraiah was quartermaster.) 60 So Jeremiah wrote R2670 in a single scroll F635 all the calamity which would come upon Babylon, that is, all these words which have been written concerning Babylon. 61 Then Jeremiah said to Seraiah, "As soon as you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words aloud, 62 and say, `You, O LORD, have promised F636 concerning this place to cut R2671 it off, so that there will be nothing R2672 dwelling in it, whether F637 man or beast, but it will be a perpetual desolation.' 63 "And as soon as you finish reading this scroll, F638 you will tie a stone to it and throw R2673 it into the middle of the Euphrates, 64 and say, `Just so shall Babylon sink down and not R2674 rise again because of the calamity that I am going to bring upon her; and they will become exhausted.' R2675 " Thus R2676 far are the words of Jeremiah.


FOOTNOTES:
F590: Cryptic name for Chaldea; or the heart of those who rise up against Me
F591: Or a destroying wind
F592: Some versions read winnowers
F593: M.T. reads Against him who
F594: I.e. the Chaldean defender
F595: Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
F595: Lit tread(s) (in order to string)
F593: M.T. reads Against him who
F596: Or wounded
F597: Lit widowed
F598: Lit From
F599: Or silenced or made lifeless
F600: Or penalty for iniquity
F601: Or balsam resin
F602: Lit is lifted
F603: Lit forth
F604: Or standard
F605: Or watchmen
F606: Lit cubit
F607: Lit being cut off
F608: Or mankind
F609: I.e. like the song of grape treaders
F610: Or graven images
F611: Lit Fashioner
F612: Or Scepter; cf Num 24:17
F613: Lit shatterer
F614: Or standard
F615: Lit Her
F615: Lit Her
F616: I.e. lieutenant governors
F617: Lit his
F618: Or An object of horror
F619: Lit dried up
F620: Lit runner
F620: Lit runner
F621: Lit announcer
F621: Lit announcer
F622: Lit of treading it
F623: Lit inhabitress
F624: Or broad river
F625: Or young rams
F626: Cryptic name for Babylon
F627: Or broad river
F628: Lit in the
F629: Lit the
F629: Lit the
F630: Lit come upon your heart
F631: Lit the height of her strength
F632: Or voice
F633: Lit is given
F634: Lit word
F635: Or book
F636: Lit spoken
F637: Lit from man even to beast
F638: Or book

CROSS REFERENCES:
R2550: Jeremiah 4:11,12; 23:19; Hosea 13:15
R2551: Isaiah 41:16; Jeremiah 15:7; Matthew 3:12
R2552: Jeremiah 50:14,29
R2553: Jeremiah 46:4
R2554: Isaiah 13:15; 14:19; Jeremiah 49:26; 50:30,37
R2555: Isaiah 54:7,8; Jeremiah 33:24-26
R2556: Hosea 4:1,2
R2557: Jeremiah 50:8,28; Revelation 18:4
R2558: Numbers 16:26
R2559: Jeremiah 50:15
R2560: Jeremiah 25:14
R2561: Jeremiah 25:15; Habakkuk 2:16; Revelation 14:8; 17:4
R2562: Revelation 14:8; 18:3
R2563: Jeremiah 25:16
R2564: Isaiah 21:9; Jeremiah 50:2; Revelation 14:8; 18:2
R2565: Isaiah 13:6; Revelation 18:9
R2566: Jeremiah 46:11
R2567: Isaiah 13:14; Jeremiah 46:16; 50:16
R2568: Ezra 9:6; Revelation 18:5
R2569: Psalms 37:6; Micah 7:9
R2570: Isaiah 40:2; Jeremiah 50:28
R2571: Jeremiah 46:4,9; Joel 3:9,10
R2572: Jeremiah 50:28
R2573: Isaiah 13:2; Jeremiah 50:2; 51:27
R2574: Jeremiah 4:28; 23:20; 51:29
R2575: Revelation 17:1
R2576: Isaiah 45:3
R2577: Isaiah 57:17; Habakkuk 2:9-11
R2578: Jeremiah 49:13
R2579: Jeremiah 51:27; Nahum 3:15
R2580: Genesis 1:1; Jeremiah 10:12-16; 51:15-19
R2581: Job 1:9:8; Psalms 146:5,6; Jeremiah 32:17; Acts 14:15; Romans 1:20
R2582: Job 1:37:2-6; Psalms 18:13
R2583: Psalms 135:7; Jeremiah 10:13
R2584: Jonah 1:4
R2585: Isaiah 44:18-20; Jeremiah 10:14
R2586: Habakkuk 2:18,19
R2587: Jeremiah 18:15
R2588: Psalms 73:26; Jeremiah 10:16
R2589: Jeremiah 50:34
R2590: Isaiah 10:5; 41:15,16; Jeremiah 50:23
R2591: Isaiah 8:9; 41:15,16; Micah 4:12,13
R2592: Exodus 15:1
R2593: Exodus 15:4; Isaiah 43:17
R2594: 2 Chronicles 36:17; Isaiah 13:15,16
R2595: Isaiah 13:18
R2596: Jeremiah 50:10
R2597: Jeremiah 50:15,29
R2598: Jeremiah 50:31
R2599: Isaiah 13:2; Zechariah 4:7
R2600: Revelation 8:8
R2601: Isaiah 13:19-22; Jeremiah 50:13; 51:29
R2602: Isaiah 13:2-5; 18:3; Jeremiah 50:2; 51:12
R2603: Jeremiah 50:3,9
R2604: Genesis 8:4; 2 Kings 19:37; Isaiah 37:38
R2605: Genesis 10:3
R2606: Jeremiah 50:42
R2607: Jeremiah 8:16; 10:10; 50:46; Amos 8:8
R2608: Isaiah 13:19,20; 47:11; Jeremiah 50:13; 51:26,43
R2609: Psalms 76:5; Jeremiah 50:15,36,37
R2610: Isaiah 13:7,8; Nahum 3:13
R2610: Isaiah 13:7,8; Nahum 3:13
R2611: Isaiah 45:1,2; Lamentations 2:9; Amos 1:5; Nahum 3:13
R2612: 2 Chronicles 30:6
R2613: 2 Samuel 18:19-31
R2614: Isaiah 21:10; 41:15,16; Micah 4:13
R2615: Isaiah 17:5; Hosea 6:11; Joel 3:13; Revelation 14:15
R2616: Jeremiah 50:17
R2617: Isaiah 24:1-3
R2618: Job 1:20:15; Jeremiah 51:44
R2619: Psalms 137:8
R2620: Psalms 140:12
R2621: Jeremiah 51:6,11; Romans 12:19
R2622: Jeremiah 50:38
R2623: Revelation 18:2
R2624: Jeremiah 25:9
R2625: Jeremiah 2:15
R2626: Jeremiah 25:27; 48:26; 51:57
R2627: Psalms 76:5
R2628: Jeremiah 48:15; 50:27
R2629: Jeremiah 25:26
R2630: Jeremiah 49:25
R2631: Isaiah 8:7,8; Jeremiah 51:55; Daniel 9:26
R2632: Jeremiah 50:12
R2633: Isaiah 13:20; Jeremiah 2:6
R2634: Isaiah 46:1; Jeremiah 50:2
R2635: Ezra 1:7,8
R2636: Isaiah 2:2
R2637: Jeremiah 50:15; 51:58
R2638: Isaiah 48:20; Jeremiah 50:8,28; 51:6; Revelation 18:4
R2639: Genesis 19:12-16; Acts 2:40
R2640: Isaiah 43:5; Jeremiah 46:27,28
R2641: 2 Kings 19:7; Isaiah 13:3-5
R2642: Isaiah 19:2
R2643: Isaiah 21:9; 46:1,2; Jeremiah 50:2; 51:52
R2644: Jeremiah 50:12,35-37
R2645: Isaiah 44:23; 48:20; 49:13; Revelation 18:20
R2646: Jeremiah 50:3
R2647: Psalms 137:8; Jeremiah 50:29
R2648: Revelation 18:24
R2649: Jeremiah 44:28
R2650: Deuteronomy 4:29-31; Psalms 137:6
R2651: Psalms 44:15
R2652: Psalms 74:3-8; Lamentations 1:10
R2653: Jeremiah 50:38
R2654: Genesis 11:4; Job 1:20:6; Psalms 139:8-10; Isaiah 14:12-14; Jeremiah 49:16; Amos 9:2; Obadiah 1:1:4
R2655: Isaiah 13:3
R2656: Jeremiah 48:3-5; 50:22,46
R2657: Psalms 18:4; 69:2; 124:2,4,5; Jeremiah 51:42
R2658: Jeremiah 51:48,53; Habakkuk 2:8
R2659: Psalms 46:9; 76:3
R2660: Deuteronomy 32:35; Psalms 94:1,2; Jeremiah 51:6,24
R2661: Jeremiah 25:27
R2662: Psalms 76:5,6
R2663: Jeremiah 46:18; 48:15
R2664: Jeremiah 50:15
R2665: Isaiah 45:1,2
R2666: Habakkuk 2:13
R2667: Jeremiah 9:5; 51:64; Lamentations 5:5
R2668: Jeremiah 32:12; 36:4; 45:1
R2669: Jeremiah 28:1; 52:1
R2670: Isaiah 30:8; Jeremiah 30:2,3; 36:2,4,32
R2671: Isaiah 13:19-22; 14:22,23; Jeremiah 50:3,13,39,40
R2672: Jeremiah 51:43; Ezekiel 35:9
R2673: Jeremiah 19:10,11; Revelation 18:21
R2674: Nahum 1:8,9
R2675: Jeremiah 51:58
R2676: Job 1:31:40; Psalms 72:20

 
 

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