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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 John 18
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JohnClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    18:1-40 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Judas Betrays Jesus

1 When Jesus had spoken these words, He R1126 went forth with His disciples over the R1127 ravine F185 of the Kidron, where there was a R1128 garden, in which He entered with F186 His disciples. 2 Now Judas also, who was betraying F187 Him, knew the place, for Jesus had often R1129 met there with His disciples. 3 Judas R1130 then, having received the R1131 Roman cohort F188 and officers R1132 from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns and torches R1133 and weapons. 4 So Jesus, knowing R1134 all the things that were coming upon Him, went forth and said to them, "Whom R1135 do you seek?" 5 They answered Him, "Jesus the Nazarene." He said to them, "I am He." And Judas also, who was betraying Him, was standing with them. 6 So when He said to them, "I am He," they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 Therefore He again asked them, "Whom R1136 do you seek?" And they said, "Jesus the Nazarene." 8 Jesus answered, "I told you that I am He; so if you seek Me, let these go their way," 9 to fulfill the word which He spoke, "Of R1137 those whom You have given Me I lost not one." 10 Simon Peter then, having R1138 a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's slave, and cut off his right ear; and the slave's name was Malchus. 11 So Jesus said to Peter, "Put the sword into the sheath; the R1139 cup which the Father has given Me, shall I not drink it?"

Jesus before the Priests

12 So R1140 the R1141 Roman cohort F189 and the commander F190 and the officers R1141 of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him, 13 and led Him to Annas R1142 first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, R1143 who was high priest that year. 14 Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it R1144 was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.

15 Simon R1145 Peter was following Jesus, and so was another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and entered with Jesus into the R1146 court of the high priest, 16 but R1147 Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the doorkeeper, and brought Peter in. 17 Then R1148 the slave-girl who kept the door said to Peter, "You R1149 are not also one of this man's disciples, are you?" He said, "I am not." 18 Now the slaves and the officers R1150 were standing there, having made a R1151 charcoal fire, for it was cold and they were warming R1152 themselves; and Peter was also with them, standing and warming himself.

19 The R1153 high priest then questioned Jesus about His disciples, and about His teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, "I have R1154 spoken openly to the world; I always taught R1155 in synagogues F191 and in R1156 the temple, where all the Jews come together; and I spoke nothing in secret. 21 "Why do you question Me? Question those who have heard what I spoke to them; they know what I said." 22 When He had said this, one of the officers R1157 standing nearby struck R1158 Jesus, saying, "Is that the way You answer the high priest?" 23 Jesus R1159 answered him, "If I have spoken wrongly, testify of the wrong; but if rightly, why do you strike Me?" 24 So R1160 Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas R1160 the high priest.

Peter's Denial of Jesus

25 Now R1161 Simon R1162 Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, "You R1163 are not also one of His disciples, are you?" He denied it, and said, "I am not." 26 One of the slaves of the high priest, being a relative of the one whose R1164 ear Peter cut off, said, "Did I not see you in the R1165 garden with Him?" 27 Peter then denied it again, and immediately a R1166 rooster crowed.

Jesus before Pilate

28 Then R1167 they led Jesus from Caiaphas R1168 into the R1169 Praetorium, F192 and it was early; and they themselves did not enter into the R1169 Praetorium F192 so that they R1170 would not be defiled, but might eat the Passover. 29 Therefore R1171 Pilate went out to them and said, "What accusation do you bring against this Man?" 30 They answered and said to him, "If this Man were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him to you." 31 So Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves, and judge Him according to your law." The Jews said to him, "We are not permitted to put anyone to death," 32 to fulfill the R1172 word of Jesus which He spoke, signifying by what kind of death He was about to die.

33 Therefore Pilate entered R1173 again into the Praetorium, and summoned Jesus and said to Him, "Are R1174 You the King of the Jews?" 34 Jesus answered, "Are you saying this on F193 your own initiative, or did others tell you about Me?" 35 Pilate answered, "I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered You to me; what have You done?" 36 Jesus answered, "My R1175 kingdom is F194 not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My servants would be fighting so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not of F195 this realm." 37 Therefore Pilate said to Him, "So You are a king?" Jesus answered, "You R1176 say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, to R1177 testify to the truth. Everyone R1178 who is of the truth hears My voice." 38 Pilate said to Him, "What is truth?"

And when he had said this, he went R1179 out again to the Jews and said to them, "I R1180 find no guilt in Him. 39 "But R1181 you have a custom that I release someone for F196 you at the Passover; do you wish then that I release for F196 you the King of the Jews?" 40 So they cried out again, saying, "Not R1182 this Man, but Barabbas." Now Barabbas was a robber.


FOOTNOTES:
F185: Lit winter-torrent
F186: Lit and
F187: Or handing Him over
F188: Normally 600 men; a battalion
F189: Or battalion
F190: I.e. chiliarch, in command of a thousand troops
F191: Lit a synagogue
F192: I.e. governor's official residence
F192: I.e. governor's official residence
F193: Lit from yourself
F194: Or is not derived from
F195: Lit from here
F196: Or to you
F196: Or to you

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1126: Matthew 26:30,36; Mark 14:26,32; Luke 22:39
R1127: 2 Samuel 15:23; 1 Kings 2:37; 15:13; 2 Kings 23:4,6,12; 2 Chronicles 15:16; 29:16; 30:14; Jeremiah 31:40
R1128: Matthew 26:36; Mark 14:32; John 18:26
R1129: Luke 21:37; 22:39
R1130: John 18:3-11; {Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-50; Luke 22:47-53}
R1131: John 18:12; Acts 10:1
R1132: John 7:32; 18:12,18
R1133: Matthew 25:1
R1134: John 6:64; 13:1,11
R1135: John 18:7
R1136: John 18:4
R1137: John 17:12
R1138: Matthew 26:51; Mark 14:47
R1139: Matthew 20:22; 26:39; Mark 14:36; Luke 22:42
R1140: John 18:12f; {Matthew 26:57ff}
R1141: John 18:3
R1141: John 18:3
R1142: Luke 3:2; John 18:24
R1143: Matthew 26:3; John 11:49,51
R1144: John 11:50
R1145: Matthew 26:58; Mark 14:54; Luke 22:54
R1146: Matthew 26:3; John 18:24,28
R1147: John 18:16-18; {Matthew 26:69f; Mark 14:66-68; Luke 22:55-57}
R1148: Acts 12:13
R1149: John 18:25
R1150: John 18:3
R1151: John 21:9
R1152: Mark 14:54,67
R1153: John 18:19-24; {Matthew 26:59-68; Mark 14:55-65; Luke 22:63-71}
R1154: John 7:26; 8:26
R1155: Matthew 4:23; John 6:59
R1156: Matthew 26:55
R1157: John 18:3
R1158: John 19:3
R1159: Matthew 5:39; Acts 23:2-5
R1160: John 18:13
R1160: John 18:13
R1161: John 18:25-27; {Matthew 26:71-75; Mark 14:69-72; Luke 22:58-62}
R1162: John 18:18
R1163: John 18:17
R1164: John 18:10
R1165: John 18:1
R1166: John 13:38
R1167: Matthew 27:2; Mark 15:1; Luke 23:1
R1168: John 18:13
R1169: Matthew 27:27; John 18:33; 19:9
R1169: Matthew 27:27; John 18:33; 19:9
R1170: John 11:55; Acts 11:3
R1171: John 18:29-38; {Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; Luke 23:2,3}
R1172: Matthew 20:19; 26:2; Mark 10:33f; Luke 18:32f; John 3:14; 8:28; 12:32f
R1173: John 18:28,29; 19:9
R1174: Luke 23:3; John 19:12
R1175: Matthew 26:53; Luke 17:21; John 6:15
R1176: Matthew 27:11; Mark 15:2; Luke 22:70; 23:3
R1177: John 1:14; 3:32; 8:14
R1178: John 8:47; 1 John 4:6
R1179: John 18:33; 19:4
R1180: Luke 23:4; John 19:4,6
R1181: John 18:39-19:16; {Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15; Luke 23:18-25}
R1182: Acts 3:14

 
 

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