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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 John 19
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 NAVBAR             of 21

The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JohnClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    19:1-42 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Crown of Thorns

1 Pilate then took Jesus and scourged R1183 F197 Him. 2 And R1184 the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a purple robe on Him; 3 and they began to come up to Him and say, "Hail, R1185 King of the Jews!" and to give R1186 Him slaps in the face. 4 Pilate came R1187 out again and said to them, "Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that I R1188 find no guilt in Him." 5 Jesus then came out, wearing R1189 the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, "Behold, the Man!" 6 So when the chief priests and the officers R1190 saw Him, they cried out saying, "Crucify, crucify!" Pilate said to them, "Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I R1191 find no guilt in Him." 7 The Jews answered him, "We R1192 have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He made R1193 Himself out to be the Son of God."

8 Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid; 9 and he entered R1194 into the Praetorium F198 again and said to Jesus, "Where are You from?" But Jesus R1195 gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate said to Him, "You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?" 11 Jesus answered, "You R1196 would have no authority over F199 Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason he R1197 who delivered Me to you has the greater sin." 12 As a result of this Pilate made F200 efforts to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, "If R1198 you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes F201 Caesar."

13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat R1199 down on the judgment seat at a place called The F202 Pavement, but in R1200 Hebrew, F203 Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the R1201 day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth R1202 F204 hour. And he said to the Jews, "Behold, your R1203 King!" 15 So they cried out, "Away R1204 with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar."

The Crucifixion

16 So he then handed R1205 Him over to them to be crucified.

17 They R1206 took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing R1207 F205 His own cross, to the place called the R1208 Place of a Skull, which is called in R1209 Hebrew, F206 Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two R1210 other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, "JESUS R1211 THE NAZARENE, THE R1212 KING OF THE JEWS." 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in R1213 Hebrew, F207 Latin and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, "Do not write, `The R1214 King of the Jews'; but that He said, `I am King R1214 of the Jews.' " 22 Pilate answered, "What R1215 I have written I have written."

23 Then the R1216 soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four R1217 parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; F208 now the tunic was seamless, woven in F209 one piece. 24 So they said to one another, "Let R1218 us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be"; this R1219 was to fulfill the Scripture: "THEY DIVIDED R1220 MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS F210 ." 25 Therefore the soldiers did these things.

But R1221 standing by the cross of Jesus were His R1222 mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary R1223 Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and the R1224 disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, "Woman, R1225 behold, your son!" 27 Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" From that hour the disciple took her into his R1226 own household.

28 After this, Jesus, knowing R1227 that all things had already been accomplished, to R1228 fulfill the Scripture, said, "I R1229 am thirsty." 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they R1230 put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It R1231 is finished!" And He bowed His head and gave R1232 up His spirit.

Care of the Body of Jesus

31 Then the Jews, because it was the R1233 day of preparation, so that the R1234 bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for F211 that Sabbath was a high R1235 day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified R1236 with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood R1237 and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has testified, R1238 and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass to R1239 fulfill the Scripture, "NOT R1240 A BONE OF HIM SHALL BE BROKEN F212 ." 37 And again another Scripture says, "THEY R1241 SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED."

38 After R1242 these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but a secret R1243 one for fear R1244 of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 Nicodemus, R1245 who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing R1246 a mixture F213 of myrrh R1247 and aloes, about a hundred R1248 pounds F214 weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound R1249 it in linen R1250 wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new R1251 tomb in R1252 which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, R1253 since the tomb was nearby, R1254 they laid Jesus there.


FOOTNOTES:
F197: Or had Him scourged
F198: I.e. governor's official residence
F199: Lit against
F200: Lit was seeking to
F201: Or speaks against
F202: Greek The Lithostrotos
F203: I.e. Jewish Aramaic
F204: Perhaps 6 a.m.
F205: Lit bearing the cross for Himself
F206: I.e. Jewish Aramaic
F207: I.e. Jewish Aramaic
F208: Greek khiton, the garment worn next to the skin
F209: Lit from the upper part through the whole
F210: Lit a lot
F211: Lit for the day of that Sabbath was great
F212: Or crushed or shattered
F213: Two early mss read package of
F214: Lit 100 litras (12 oz each)

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1183: Matthew 27:26
R1184: Matthew 27:27-30; {Mark 15:16-19}
R1185: Matthew 27:29; Mark 15:18
R1186: John 18:22
R1187: John 18:33,38
R1188: Luke 23:4; John 18:38; 19:6
R1189: John 19:2
R1190: Matthew 26:58; John 18:3
R1191: Luke 23:4; John 18:38; 19:4
R1192: Leviticus 24:16; Matthew 26:63-66
R1193: John 5:18; 10:33
R1194: John 18:33
R1195: Matthew 26:63; 27:12,14; John 18:34-37
R1196: Romans 13:1
R1197: John 18:13f,28ff; Acts 3:13
R1198: Luke 23:2; John 18:33ff
R1199: Matthew 27:19
R1200: John 5:2; 19:17,20
R1201: Matthew 27:62; John 19:31,42
R1202: Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:25
R1203: John 19:19,21
R1204: Luke 23:18
R1205: Matthew 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:25
R1206: John 19:17-24; {Matthew 27:33-44; Mark 15:22-32; Luke 23:33-43}
R1207: Matthew 27:32; Mark 15:21; Luke 14:27; 23:26
R1208: Luke 23:33
R1209: John 19:13
R1210: Luke 23:32
R1211: Matthew 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38
R1212: John 19:14,21
R1213: John 19:13
R1214: John 19:14,19
R1214: John 19:14,19
R1215: Genesis 43:14; Esther 4:16
R1216: Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34
R1217: Acts 12:4
R1218: Exodus 28:32; Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34
R1219: John 19:28,36f
R1220: Psalms 22:18
R1221: Matthew 27:55f; Mark 15:40f; Luke 23:49
R1222: Matthew 12:46
R1223: Luke 8:2; John 20:1,18
R1224: John 13:23
R1225: John 2:4
R1226: Luke 18:28; John 1:11; 16:32; Acts 21:6
R1227: John 13:1; 17:4
R1228: John 19:24,36f
R1229: Psalms 69:21
R1230: John 19:29,30; {Matthew 27:48,50; Mark 15:36f; Luke 23:36}
R1231: John 17:4
R1232: Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46
R1233: John 19:14,42
R1234: Deuteronomy 21:23; Joshua 8:29; 10:26f
R1235: Exodus 12:16
R1236: John 19:18
R1237: 1 John 5:6,8
R1238: John 15:27; 21:24
R1239: John 19:24,28
R1240: Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12; Psalms 34:20
R1241: Zechariah 12:10; Revelation 1:7
R1242: John 19:38-42; {Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; Luke 23:50-56}
R1243: Mark 15:43
R1244: John 7:13
R1245: John 3:1
R1246: Mark 16:1
R1247: Psalms 45:8; Proverbs 7:17; Song of Solomon 4:14; Matthew 2:11
R1248: John 12:3
R1249: Matthew 26:12; Mark 14:8; John 11:44
R1250: Luke 24:12; John 20:5,7
R1251: Matthew 27:60
R1252: Luke 23:53
R1253: John 19:14,31
R1254: John 19:20,41

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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