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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of Joshua
Chapter 8  - Click for Chapter Audio
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 8:20
BCC -> Commentary on 8:20
GEB -> Study Notes on 8:20
GSB -> Study Notes on 8:20
JFB -> Commentary on 8:20
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 8:20
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 8:20
TSK -> Entry for 8:20
WEN -> Notes on 8:20
NTB -> Ambush; Armies; Strategy
TCR -> Conflagrations
ATS -> Ai
EBD -> Ai; Ambush
HBD -> Ai; Conquest Of Canaan; Joshua, The Book Of

Joshua 8:3-22 [ Verse 20 in Original: Hebrew / Greek ]
             [ Read Chapter | Discuss these Verses ]
3 So Joshua rose with all the people of war to go up to Ai; and Joshua chose 30,000 men, valiant warriors, and sent them out at night. 4 He commanded them, saying, "See, you are going R126 to ambush the city from behind it. F78 Do not go very far from the city, but all of you be ready. 5 "Then I and all the people who are with me will approach the city. And when they come out to meet us as at the first, we R127 will flee before them. 6 "They will come out after us until we have drawn them away from the city, for they will say, `They are fleeing before us as at the first.' So we will flee before them. 7 "And you shall rise from your ambush and take possession of the city, for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand. 8 "Then it will be when you have seized the city, that you shall set the city on fire. You shall do it according R128 to the word of the LORD. See, I have commanded you." 9 So Joshua sent them away, and they went to the place of ambush and remained between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of Ai; but Joshua spent that night among the people. 10 Now Joshua rose R129 early in the morning and mustered the people, and he went up with the elders of Israel before the people to Ai. 11 Then all the people of war who were with him went up and drew near and arrived in front of the city, and camped on the north side of Ai. Now there was a valley between him and Ai. 12 And he took about 5,000 men and set them in ambush between Bethel R130 and Ai, on the west side of the city. F79 13 So they stationed the people, all the army that was on the north side of the city, and its rear guard on the west side of the city, and Joshua spent that night in the midst of the valley. 14 It came about when the king of Ai saw it, that the men of the city hurried and rose up early and went out to meet Israel in battle, he and all his people at the appointed place before the desert plain. But he did not know that there was an ambush against him behind the city. 15 Joshua and all Israel pretended to be beaten before them, and fled by R131 the way of the wilderness. 16 And all the people who were in the city were called together to pursue them, and they pursued Joshua and were R132 drawn away from the city. 17 So not a man was left in Ai or Bethel who had not gone out after Israel, and they left the city unguarded F80 and pursued Israel. 18 Then the LORD said to Joshua, "Stretch R133 out the javelin that is in your hand toward Ai, for I will give it into your hand." So Joshua stretched out the javelin that was in his hand toward the city. 19 The men in ambush rose quickly from their place, and when he had stretched out his hand, they ran and entered the city and captured it, and they quickly set the city on fire. 20 When the men of Ai turned back F81 and looked, behold, the smoke of the city ascended to the sky, and they had no place to flee this way or that, for the people who had been fleeing to the wilderness turned against the pursuers. 21 When Joshua and all Israel saw that the men in ambush had captured the city and that the smoke of the city ascended, they turned back and slew F82 the men of Ai. 22 The F83 others came out from the city to encounter them, so that they were trapped in the midst of Israel, some F84 on this side and some on that side; and they slew F85 them until no R134 one was left of F86 those who survived or escaped.

FOOTNOTES:
F78 Lit the city
F79 I.e. Ai
F80 Lit open
F81 Lit behind them
F82 Lit smote
F83 Lit These came
F84 Lit these...those
F85 Lit smote
F86 Lit for it

 

CROSS REFERENCES:
R126 Judges 20:29
R127 Judges 20:32
R128 Deuteronomy 20:16-18; Joshua 8:2
R129 Genesis 22:3
R130 Genesis 12:8; 28:19; Judges 1:22
R131 Joshua 15:61; 16:1; 18:12
R132 Judges 20:31
R133 Exodus 14:16; 17:9-13; Joshua 8:26
R134 Joshua 8:8

 
 

Abbreviations Legend:

ACC - Adam Clark Commentary; BCC - Burton Coffman; GEB - Gill's Exposition; GSB - Geneva Study Bible; JFB - Jamieson, Fausset, Brown; MHC-COM - Matthew Henry Complete; MHC-CON - Matthew Henry Concise; TSK - Treasury of Scripture Knowledge; WEN - Wesley's Explanatory Notes; NTB - Nave's Topical Bible; TCR - Thompson Chain Reference; TSK - Treasury of Scripture Knowledge; ATS - ATS Bible Dictionary; EBD - Easton's Bible Dictionary; HBD - Holman Bible Dictionary;

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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