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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Joshua 9
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JoshuaClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    9:1-27 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Guile of the Gibeonites

1 Now it came about when all R147 the kings who were beyond the Jordan, in the hill country and in the lowland and on all the coast R148 of the Great Sea toward Lebanon, the R149 Hittite and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite and the Jebusite, heard of it, 2 that they gathered themselves together with one R150 F91 accord to fight with Joshua and with Israel.

3 When the inhabitants of Gibeon R151 heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai, 4 they also acted craftily and set F92 out as envoys, and took worn-out sacks on their donkeys, and wineskins worn-out and torn and mended, F93 5 and worn-out and patched sandals on their feet, and worn-out clothes on themselves; and all the bread of their provision was dry and had become crumbled. 6 They went to Joshua to the camp R152 at Gilgal and said to him and to the men of Israel, "We have come from a far country; now therefore, make a covenant with us." 7 The men of Israel said to the Hivites, R153 "Perhaps you are living within F94 our land; how R154 then shall we make a covenant with you?" 8 But they said to Joshua, "We R155 are your servants." Then Joshua said to them, "Who are you and where do you come from?" 9 They said to him, "Your servants have come from a R156 very far country because of the fame F95 of the LORD your God; for we R157 have heard the report of Him and all that He did in Egypt, 10 and all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon and to Og king of Bashan who was at Ashtaroth. 11 "So our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spoke to us, saying, `Take provisions in your hand for the journey, and go to meet them and say to them, "We R158 are your servants; now then, make a covenant with us."' 12 "This our bread was warm when we took it for our provisions out of our houses on the day that we left to come to you; but now behold, it is dry and has become crumbled. 13 "These wineskins which we filled were new, and behold, they are torn; and these our clothes and our sandals are worn out because of the very long journey." 14 So the men of Israel took some of their provisions, and did R159 not ask for the counsel F96 of the LORD. 15 Joshua R160 made peace with them and made a covenant with them, to let them live; and the leaders of the congregation swore an oath to them.

16 It came about at the end of three days after they had made a covenant with them, that they heard that they were neighbors and that they were living within F97 their land. 17 Then the sons of Israel set out and came to their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon R161 and Chephirah and Beeroth and Kiriath-jearim. 18 The sons of Israel did not strike them because the leaders of the congregation had sworn to them by the LORD the God of Israel. And the whole congregation grumbled against the leaders. 19 But all the leaders said to the whole congregation, "We have sworn to them by the LORD, the God of Israel, and now we cannot touch them. 20 "This we will do to them, even let them live, so that wrath will not be upon us for the oath which we swore to them." 21 The leaders said to them, "Let them live." So they became hewers R162 of wood and drawers of water for the whole congregation, just as the leaders had spoken to them.

22 Then Joshua called for them and spoke to them, saying, "Why have you deceived us, saying, `We are very far from you,' when R163 you are living within F98 our land? 23 "Now therefore, you are cursed, R164 and you F99 shall never cease being slaves, both hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God." 24 So they answered Joshua and said, "Because R165 it was certainly told your servants that the LORD your God had commanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land before you; therefore we feared greatly for our lives because of you, and have done this thing. 25 "Now behold, we R166 are in your hands; do as it seems good and right in your sight to do to us." 26 Thus he did to them, and delivered them from the hands of the sons of Israel, and they did not kill them. 27 But Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation and for the altar of the LORD, to this day, in R167 the place which He would choose.

F91: Lit one mouth
F92: Lit went and traveled as envoys
F93: Lit tied up
F94: Lit among us
F95: Or name
F96: Lit mouth
F97: Lit among them
F98: Lit among us
F99: Lit a servant shall not be cut off from you

R147: Numbers 13:29; Joshua 3:10
R148: Numbers 34:6
R149: Exodus 3:17; 23:23
R150: Psalms 83:3,5
R151: Joshua 9:17,22; 10:2; 21:17
R152: Joshua 5:10
R153: Joshua 9:1; 11:19
R154: Exodus 23:32; Deuteronomy 7:2
R155: Deuteronomy 20:11; 2 Kings 10:5
R156: Joshua 9:16,17
R157: Joshua 2:9; 9:24
R158: Joshua 9:8
R159: Numbers 27:21
R160: Exodus 23:32
R161: Joshua 18:25
R162: Deuteronomy 29:11
R163: Joshua 9:16
R164: Genesis 9:25
R165: Joshua 9:9
R166: Genesis 16:6
R167: Deuteronomy 12:5


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