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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Judges 1
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JudgesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    1:1-36 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Jerusalem Is Captured

1 Now it came about after the death of Joshua that the sons of Israel inquired R1 of the LORD, saying, "Who shall go up first for us against R2 the Canaanites, to fight against them?" 2 The LORD said, "Judah R3 shall go up; behold, I have given the land into his hand." 3 Then Judah said to Simeon his brother, "Come up with me into the F1 territory allotted me, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I F2 in turn will go with you into the F3 territory allotted you." So Simeon went with him. 4 Judah went up, and the R4 LORD gave the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hands, and they defeated F4 ten thousand men at Bezek. 5 They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek and fought against him, and they defeated F5 the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 6 But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued him and caught him and cut off his thumbs F6 and big toes. 7 Adoni-bezek said, "Seventy kings with their thumbs and their big toes cut off used to gather up scraps under my table; as R5 I have done, so God has repaid me." So they brought him to Jerusalem and he died there.

8 Then the sons of Judah fought against Jerusalem R6 and captured it and struck it with the edge of the sword and set the city on fire. 9 Afterward the sons of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites living in the hill country and in the Negev F7 and in the lowland. 10 So R7 Judah went against the Canaanites who lived in Hebron (now the name of Hebron formerly was Kiriath-arba); and they struck Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai.

Capture of Other Cities

11 Then from R8 there he went against the inhabitants of Debir (now the name of Debir formerly was Kiriath-sepher). 12 And Caleb said, "The one who attacks Kiriath-sepher and captures it, I will even give him my daughter Achsah for a wife." 13 Othniel R9 the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, captured it; so he gave him his daughter Achsah for a wife. 14 Then it R10 came about when she came to him, that she persuaded him to ask her father for a field. Then she alighted from her F8 donkey, and Caleb said to her, "What do F9 you want?" 15 She said to him, "Give me a blessing, since you have given me the land of the Negev, F10 give me also springs of water." So Caleb gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

16 The descendants F11 of the R11 Kenite, Moses' father-in-law, went up from the city R12 of palms with the sons of Judah, to the wilderness of Judah which is in the south of Arad; R13 and they went and lived with the people. 17 Then Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they struck the Canaanites living in Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. So the name of the city was called Hormah. R14 18 And Judah took Gaza R15 with its territory and Ashkelon with its territory and Ekron with its territory. 19 Now the LORD was with Judah, and they took possession of the hill country; but they could not drive F12 out the inhabitants of the valley because they had iron R16 chariots. 20 Then they gave Hebron to Caleb, as R17 Moses had promised; F13 and he drove out from there the R18 three sons of Anak. 21 But R19 the sons of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites R20 who lived in Jerusalem; so the Jebusites have lived with the sons of Benjamin in Jerusalem to this day.

22 Likewise the house of Joseph went up against Bethel, and the LORD was with them. 23 The house of Joseph spied out Bethel (now R21 the name of the city was formerly Luz). 24 The spies saw a man coming out of the city and they said to him, "Please show us the entrance to the city and we R22 will treat you kindly." 25 So he showed them the entrance to the city, and they struck the city with the edge of the sword, but R23 they let the man and all his family go free. 26 The man went into the land of the Hittites and built a city and named it Luz which F14 is its name to this day.

Places Not Conquered

27 But R24 Manasseh did not take possession of Beth-shean and its villages, or Taanach and its villages, or the inhabitants of Dor and its villages, or the inhabitants of Ibleam and its villages, or the inhabitants of Megiddo and its villages; so the R25 Canaanites persisted in living in that land. 28 It came about when Israel became strong, that they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but they did not drive them out completely.

29 Ephraim R26 did not drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer; so the Canaanites lived in Gezer among them.

30 Zebulun did not drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, or the inhabitants of Nahalol; F15 so the Canaanites lived among them and became subject to forced labor.

31 Asher did not drive out the inhabitants of Acco, or the inhabitants of Sidon, or of Ahlab, or of Achzib, or of Helbah, or of Aphik, or of Rehob. 32 So the Asherites lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did not drive them out.

33 Naphtali did not drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, or the inhabitants of Beth-anath, but lived among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; and the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath became forced labor for them.

34 Then the Amorites forced F16 the sons of Dan into the hill country, for they did not allow them to come down to the valley; 35 yet the Amorites persisted in living F17 in Mount Heres, in Aijalon and in Shaalbim; but when the power F18 of the house of Joseph grew F19 strong, they became forced labor. 36 The border of the Amorites ran from the ascent R27 of Akrabbim, from Sela and upward.


FOOTNOTES:
F1: Lit my lot
F2: Lit I, even I
F3: Lit your lot
F4: Lit smote them
F5: Lit smote
F6: Lit thumbs of his hands and his feet
F7: I.e. South country
F8: Lit the
F9: Lit for yourself
F10: I.e. South country
F11: Lit sons
F12: Or dispossess
F13: Lit spoken
F14: Lit it
F15: Perhaps same as Nahalal
F16: Lit pressed
F17: Lit dwelling
F18: Lit hand
F19: Lit was heavy

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1: Numbers 27:21
R2: Judges 1:27; 2:21-23; 3:1-6
R3: Genesis 49:8
R4: Psalms 44:2; 78:55
R5: Leviticus 24:19
R6: Joshua 15:63; Judges 1:21
R7: Joshua 15:13-19
R8: Joshua 15:15
R9: Judges 3:9
R10: Joshua 15:18
R11: Numbers 10:29-32; Judges 4:11
R12: Deuteronomy 34:3; Judges 3:13
R13: Numbers 21:1
R14: Numbers 21:3
R15: Joshua 11:22
R16: Joshua 17:16; Judges 4:3,13
R17: Joshua 14:9
R18: Joshua 15:14; Judges 1:10
R19: Joshua 15:63; Judges 1:8
R20: 1 Chronicles 11:4
R21: Genesis 28:19
R22: Joshua 2:12
R23: Joshua 6:25
R24: Joshua 17:12
R25: Judges 1:1
R26: Joshua 16:10
R27: Joshua 15:3

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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