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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Judges 19
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JudgesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    19:1-30 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

A Levite's Concubine Degraded

1 Now it came about in those days, when there R359 was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite staying F293 in the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, who took a concubine for himself from Bethlehem in Judah. 2 But his concubine played the harlot against him, and she went away from him to her father's house in Bethlehem in Judah, and was there for a period of four months. 3 Then her husband arose and went after her to speak R360 tenderly F294 to her in order to bring her back, taking F295 with him his servant and a pair of donkeys. So she brought him into her father's house, and when the girl's father saw him, he was glad to meet him. 4 His father-in-law, the girl's father, detained him; and he remained with him three days. So they ate and drank and lodged there. 5 Now on the fourth day they got up early in the morning, and he prepared F296 to go; and the girl's father said to his son-in-law, "Sustain R361 yourself F297 with a piece of bread, and afterward you may go." 6 So both of them sat down and ate and drank together; and the girl's father said to the man, "Please be willing to spend the night, and let R362 your heart be merry." 7 Then the man arose to go, but his father-in-law urged him so that he spent the night there again. 8 On the fifth day he arose to go early in the morning, and the girl's father said, "Please sustain yourself, F298 and wait until afternoon"; F299 so both of them ate. 9 When the man arose to go along with his concubine and servant, his father-in-law, the girl's father, said to him, "Behold now, the day has drawn to F300 a close; please spend the night. Lo, the day is coming F301 to an end; spend the night here that your heart may be merry. Then tomorrow you may arise early for your journey so that you may go home." F302

10 But the man was not willing to spend the night, so he arose and departed and came to a place opposite Jebus R363 (that is, Jerusalem). And there were with him a pair of saddled donkeys; his concubine also was with him. 11 When they were near Jebus, the day was almost gone; and the R364 servant said to his master, "Please come, and let us turn aside into this city of the Jebusites and spend the night in it." 12 However, his master said to him, "We will not turn aside into the city of foreigners who are not of the sons of Israel; but we will go on as far as Gibeah." 13 He said to his servant, "Come and let us approach one of these places; and we will spend the night in Gibeah or Ramah." 14 So they passed along and went their way, and the sun set on them near Gibeah which belongs to Benjamin. 15 They turned aside there in order to enter and lodge in Gibeah. When they F303 entered, they F303 sat down in the open square of the city, for no one took them into his house to spend the night.

16 Then behold, an old man was coming out of the field from his work at evening. Now the man was from the R365 hill country of Ephraim, and he was staying F304 in Gibeah, but the men of the place were R366 Benjamites. 17 And he lifted up his eyes and saw the traveler in the open square of the city; and the old man said, "Where are you going, and where do you come from?" 18 He said to him, "We are passing from Bethlehem in Judah to the remote part of the hill country of Ephraim, for I am from there, and I went to Bethlehem in Judah. But I am now going to my F305 house, and no man will take me into his house. 19 "Yet there is both straw and fodder for our donkeys, and also bread and wine for me, your F306 maidservant, and the R367 young man who is with your servants; there is no lack of anything." 20 The old man said, "Peace R368 to you. Only let me take care of all your needs; however, do not spend the night in the open square." 21 So R369 he took him into his house and gave the donkeys fodder, and they washed their feet and ate and drank.

22 While they were celebrating, F307 behold, the R370 men of the city, certain worthless R371 F308 fellows, surrounded the house, pounding the door; and they spoke to the owner of the house, the old man, saying, "Bring out the man who came into your house that we may have relations F309 with him." 23 Then the man, the owner of the house, went out to them and said to them, "No, my fellows, please do not act so wickedly; since this man has come into my house, do R372 not commit this act of folly. 24 "Here R373 is my virgin daughter and his concubine. Please let me bring them out that you may ravish them and do to them whatever F310 you wish. But do not commit such an act of folly against this man." 25 But the men would not listen to him. So the man seized his concubine and brought her out to them; and they raped her and abused her all night until morning, then let her go at the approach of dawn. 26 As F311 the day began to dawn, the woman came and fell down at the doorway of the man's house where her master was, until full daylight.

27 When her master arose in the morning and opened the doors of the house and went out to go on his way, then behold, his concubine was lying at the doorway of the house with her hands on the threshold. 28 He said to her, "Get up and let us go," but R374 there was no answer. Then he placed her on the donkey; and the man arose and went to his home. F312 29 When he entered his house, he took a knife and laid hold of his concubine and cut R375 her in twelve pieces, limb by limb, and sent her throughout the territory of Israel. 30 All who saw it said, "Nothing like this has ever happened or been seen from the day when the sons of Israel came up from the land of Egypt to this day. Consider it, take R376 counsel and speak up!"


FOOTNOTES:
F293: Or sojourning
F294: Lit to her heart
F295: Lit and
F296: Lit arose
F297: Lit your heart
F298: Lit your heart
F299: Lit the day declines
F300: Lit toward evening
F301: Lit declining
F302: Lit to your tent
F303: So with Gr; M.T. he
F303: So with Gr; M.T. he
F304: Or sojourning
F305: Hebrew the house of the L\ORD/, cf v 29
F306: I.e. my concubine
F307: Lit making their hearts merry
F308: Lit sons of Belial
F309: Lit intercourse
F310: Lit the good in your eyes
F311: Lit At the turning of the morning
F312: Lit place

CROSS REFERENCES:
R359: Judges 18:1
R360: Genesis 34:3; 50:21
R361: Genesis 18:5; Judges 19:8
R362: Judges 16:25; 19:9,22; Ruth 3:7; 1 Kings 21:7; Esther 1:10
R363: 1 Chronicles 11:4,5
R364: Judges 19:19
R365: Judges 19:1
R366: Judges 19:14
R367: Judges 19:11
R368: Genesis 43:23; Judges 6:23
R369: Genesis 24:32,33
R370: Genesis 19:4,5; Ezekiel 16:46-48
R371: Deuteronomy 13:13; 1 Samuel 2:12; 1 Kings 21:10; 2 Corinthians 6:15
R372: Genesis 34:7; Deuteronomy 22:21; Judges 20:6; 2 Samuel 13:12
R373: Genesis 19:8
R374: Judges 20:5
R375: 1 Samuel 11:7
R376: Judges 20:7; Proverbs 13:10

 
 

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Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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