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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Judges 4
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JudgesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    4:1-24 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Deborah and Barak Deliver from Canaanites

1 Then the R71 sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the LORD, after Ehud died. 2 And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin R72 king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; and the commander of his army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth-hagoyim. R73 3 The sons of Israel cried to the LORD; for he had nine hundred iron R74 chariots, and he oppressed the sons of Israel severely for twenty years.

4 Now Deborah, a prophetess, F44 the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. 5 She used to sit F45 under the palm R75 tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in the hill country of Ephraim; and the sons of Israel came up to her for judgment. 6 Now she sent and summoned Barak R76 the son of Abinoam from Kedesh-naphtali, and said to him, "Behold, F46 the LORD, the God of Israel, has commanded, `Go and march to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naphtali and from the sons of Zebulun. 7 `I will draw out to you Sisera, the commander of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his many F47 troops to the river Kishon, and I R77 will give him into your hand.' " 8 Then Barak said to her, "If you will go with me, then I will go; but if you will not go with me, I will not go." 9 She said, "I will surely go with you; nevertheless, the honor shall not be yours on the journey that you are about to take, for R78 the LORD will sell Sisera into the hands of a woman." Then Deborah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10 Barak called Zebulun R79 and Naphtali together to Kedesh, and ten thousand men went up with R80 F48 him; Deborah also went up with him.

11 Now Heber the R81 Kenite had separated himself from the Kenites, from the sons of Hobab the father-in-law of Moses, and had pitched his tent as far away as the oak F49 in Zaanannim, R82 which is near Kedesh.

12 Then they told Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam had gone up to Mount Tabor. 13 Sisera called together all his chariots, nine R83 hundred iron chariots, and all the people who were with him, from Harosheth-hagoyim R84 to the river Kishon. 14 Deborah said to Barak, "Arise! For this is the day in which the LORD has given Sisera into your hands; behold, F50 the R85 LORD has gone out before you." So Barak went down from Mount Tabor with ten thousand men following him. 15 The R86 LORD routed F51 Sisera and all his chariots and all his army with the edge of the sword before Barak; and Sisera alighted from his chariot and fled away on foot. 16 But Barak pursued the chariots and the army as far as Harosheth-hagoyim, and all the army of Sisera fell by the edge of the sword; not R87 even one was left.

17 Now Sisera fled away on foot to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite, for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite. 18 Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said to him, "Turn aside, my master, turn aside to me! Do not be afraid." And he turned aside to her into the tent, and she covered him with a rug. F52 19 He R88 said to her, "Please give me a little water to drink, for I am thirsty." So she opened a bottle F53 of milk and gave him a drink; then she covered him. 20 He said to her, "Stand in the doorway of the tent, and it shall be if anyone comes and inquires of you, and says, `Is there anyone here?' that you shall say, `No.' " 21 But Jael, Heber's wife, took R89 a tent peg and seized F54 a hammer in her hand, and went secretly to him and drove the peg into his temple, and it went through into the ground; for he was sound asleep and exhausted. So he died. 22 And behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him and said to him, "Come, and I will show you the man whom you are seeking." And he entered with F55 her, and behold Sisera was lying dead with the tent peg in his temple.

23 So God R90 subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the sons of Israel. 24 The hand of the sons of Israel pressed heavier and heavier upon Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed F56 Jabin the king of Canaan.


FOOTNOTES:
F44: Lit woman prophetess
F45: Or live
F46: Or Has not...commanded...?
F47: Lit multitude
F48: Lit at his feet
F49: Or terebinth
F50: Or has not the L\ORD/ gone...?
F51: Lit confused
F52: Or blanket
F53: I.e. skin container
F54: Lit placed
F55: Lit to
F56: Lit cut off

CROSS REFERENCES:
R71: Judges 2:19
R72: Joshua 11:1,10
R73: Judges 4:13,16
R74: Judges 1:19
R75: Genesis 35:8
R76: Hebrews 11:32
R77: Psalms 83:9
R78: Judges 4:21
R79: Judges 5:18
R80: Judges 4:14; 5:15
R81: Judges 1:16
R82: Joshua 19:33
R83: Judges 4:3
R84: Judges 4:2
R85: Deuteronomy 9:3; 2 Samuel 5:24; Psalms 68:7
R86: Deuteronomy 7:23; Joshua 10:10
R87: Exodus 14:28; Psalms 83:9
R88: Judges 5:24-27
R89: Judges 5:26
R90: Nehemiah 9:24; Psalms 18:47

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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