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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Judges 7
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of JudgesClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    7:1-25 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Gideon's 300 Chosen Men

1 Then Jerubbaal R156 (that is, Gideon) and all the people who were with him, rose early and camped beside the F99 spring of Harod; and the camp of Midian was on the north side of them F100 by the hill of Moreh R157 in the valley.

2 The LORD said to Gideon, "The people who are with you are too many for Me to give Midian into their hands, for R158 Israel would F101 become boastful, saying, `My own power F102 has delivered me.' 3 "Now therefore come, F103 proclaim in the hearing of the people, saying, `Whoever R159 is afraid and trembling, let him return and depart from Mount Gilead.' " So 22,000 people returned, but 10,000 remained.

4 Then R160 the LORD said to Gideon, "The people are still too many; bring them down to the water and I will test them for you there. Therefore it shall be that he of whom I say to you, `This one shall go with you,' he shall go with you; but everyone of whom I say to you, `This one shall not go with you,' he shall not go." 5 So he brought the people down to the water. And the LORD said to Gideon, "You shall separate everyone who laps the water with his tongue as a dog laps, as well as everyone who kneels to drink." 6 Now the number of those who lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, was 300 men; but all the rest of the people kneeled to drink water. 7 The LORD said to Gideon, "I will deliver you with R161 the 300 men who lapped and will give the Midianites into your hands; so let all the other people go, each man to his home." F104 8 So the F105 300 men took the people's provisions and their trumpets into their hands. And Gideon F106 sent all the other men of Israel, each to his tent, but retained the 300 men; and the camp of Midian was below him in the valley.

9 Now the same night it came about that the LORD said to him, "Arise, go down against the camp, for R162 I have given it into your hands. 10 "But if you are afraid to go down, go with Purah your servant down to the camp, 11 and you will hear what they say; and afterward R163 your hands will be strengthened that you may go down against the camp." So he went with Purah his servant down to the outposts F107 of the army that was in the camp. 12 Now the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the sons of the east were lying in the valley as R164 numerous as locusts; and their camels were without number, as R165 numerous as the sand on the seashore. 13 When Gideon came, behold, a man was relating a dream to his friend. And he said, "Behold, I had F108 a dream; a F109 loaf of barley bread was tumbling into the camp of Midian, and it came to the tent and struck it so that it fell, and turned it upside F110 down so that the tent lay flat." 14 His friend replied, "This is nothing less than the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel; God has given Midian and all the camp into R166 his hand."

15 When Gideon heard the account of the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, "Arise, for the LORD has given the camp of Midian into your hands." 16 He divided the 300 men into three companies, F111 and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers. 17 He said to them, "Look at me and do likewise. And behold, when I come to the outskirts of the camp, do F112 as I do. 18 "When I and all who are with me blow the trumpet, then you also blow the trumpets all around the camp and say, `For the LORD and for Gideon.' "

Confusion of the Enemy

19 So Gideon and the hundred men who were with him came to the outskirts of the camp at the beginning of the middle watch, when they had just posted the watch; and they blew the trumpets and smashed the pitchers that were in their hands. 20 When the three companies F113 blew the trumpets and broke the pitchers, they held the torches in their left hands and the trumpets in their right hands for blowing, and cried, "A sword for the LORD and for Gideon!" 21 Each stood in his place around the camp; and all R167 the army F114 ran, crying out as they fled. 22 When they blew 300 trumpets, the LORD R168 set the sword of one against another even throughout the whole army; F115 and the army F115 fled as far as Beth-shittah toward Zererah, as far as the edge of Abel-meholah, R169 by Tabbath. 23 The men of Israel were summoned from Naphtali R170 and Asher and all Manasseh, and they pursued Midian.

24 Gideon sent messengers throughout all the hill country of Ephraim, saying, "Come down against F116 Midian and take R171 the waters before them, as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan." So all the men of Ephraim were summoned and they took the waters as far as Beth-barah and the Jordan. 25 They captured the two leaders of Midian, Oreb R172 and Zeeb, and they killed Oreb at the rock of Oreb, and they killed Zeeb at the wine press of Zeeb, while they pursued Midian; and they brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon from R173 across the Jordan.


FOOTNOTES:
F99: Or En-Harod
F100: Lit him
F101: Lit glorify itself against me
F102: Lit hand
F103: Or please
F104: Lit place
F105: Lit they
F106: Lit he
F107: Lit extremity of the battle array
F108: Lit dreamed
F109: Lit and behold, a loaf
F110: Lit upwards
F111: Lit heads
F112: Lit it shall come about that just as I do, so you shall do
F113: Lit heads
F114: Or camp
F115: Or camp
F115: Or camp
F116: Lit to meet

CROSS REFERENCES:
R156: Judges 6:32
R157: Genesis 12:6; Deuteronomy 11:30
R158: Deuteronomy 8:17,18
R159: Deuteronomy 20:8
R160: 1 Samuel 14:6
R161: 1 Samuel 14:6
R162: Joshua 2:24; 10:8; 11:6
R163: Judges 7:15; 1 Samuel 14:9,10
R164: Judges 6:5; 8:10
R165: Joshua 11:4
R166: Joshua 2:9
R167: 2 Kings 7:7
R168: 1 Samuel 14:20
R169: 1 Kings 4:12; 19:16
R170: Judges 6:35
R171: Judges 3:28
R172: Psalms 83:11; Isaiah 10:26
R173: Judges 8:4

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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