Laws of Religious Festivals
1 The LORD spoke again to Moses, saying, 2 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, `The R548 LORD'S appointed times which you shall proclaim R549 as holy convocations--My appointed times are these:
3 `For R550 six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a sabbath to the LORD in all your dwellings.
4 `These are the appointed R551 times of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. 5 `In R552 the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at F315 twilight is the LORD'S Passover. 6 `Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast R553 of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 `On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not R554 do any laborious work. 8 `But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.' "
9 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 10 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, `When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap R555 its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest. 11 `He shall wave the sheaf before the LORD for you to be accepted; on the day after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 `Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the LORD. 13 `Its grain R556 offering shall then be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the LORD for a soothing aroma, with its drink offering, a fourth of a hin F316 of wine. 14 `Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, you R557 shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.
15 `You R558 shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. 16 `You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new R559 grain offering to the LORD. 17 `You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; F317 they shall be of a fine flour, baked with R560 leaven as first fruits to the LORD. 18 `Along with the bread you shall present seven one year old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the LORD. 19 `You shall also offer one R561 male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 `The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the LORD; they are to be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21 `On this same day you shall make R562 a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. R563 It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.
22 `When R564 you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the alien. I am the LORD your God.' "
23 Again the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 24 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, `In R565 the seventh month on the first of the month you shall have a rest, F318 a reminder R566 by blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25 `You shall not R567 do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD.' "
The Day of Atonement
26 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 27 "On exactly the R568 tenth day of this seventh month is the R569 day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the LORD. 28 "You shall not do any work on this same day, for it is a day R570 of atonement, to R571 make atonement on your behalf before the LORD your God. 29 "If there is any person F319 who will not humble himself on this same day, he R572 shall be cut off from his people. 30 "As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31 "You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32 "It is to be a sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your sabbath."
33 Again the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 34 "Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, `On the R573 fifteenth of this seventh month is the Feast R574 of Booths for seven days to the LORD. 35 `On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no R575 laborious work of any kind. 36 `For R576 seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD. On the R577 eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the LORD; it is an assembly. You shall do no laborious work.
37 `These are the R578 appointed times of the LORD which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, to present offerings by fire to the LORD--burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each R579 day's matter on its own day-- 38 besides those of the sabbaths of the LORD, and besides your gifts and besides all your votive F320 and freewill offerings, which you give to the LORD.
39 `On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when R580 you have gathered in the crops of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the LORD for seven days, with a rest F321 on the first day and a rest F321 on the eighth day. 40 `Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage F322 of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the LORD your God for seven days. 41 `You shall thus celebrate it as a feast to the LORD for seven days in the year. It shall be a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42 `You shall live F323 in R581 booths for seven days; all the native-born in Israel shall live F323 in booths, 43 so that your R582 generations may know that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the LORD your God.' " 44 So Moses declared to the sons of Israel the R583 appointed times of the LORD.
F315: Lit between the two evenings
F316: I.e. Approx one gal.
F317: I.e. Approx one bu
F318: Lit sabbath rest
F319: Lit soul
F320: Lit vows, and besides all your
F321: Lit sabbath rest
F321: Lit sabbath rest
F322: Lit products, fruit
F323: Lit dwell
F323: Lit dwell
R548: Leviticus 23:4,37,44; Numbers 29:39
R549: Leviticus 23:21
R550: Exodus 20:9,10; 23:12; 31:13-17; 35:2,3; Leviticus 19:3; Deuteronomy 5:13,14
R551: Exodus 23:14; Leviticus 23:2
R552: Exodus 12:18,19; Numbers 28:16-25; Deuteronomy 16:1; Joshua 5:10
R553: Exodus 12:14-20; 23:15; 34:18; Deuteronomy 16:3-8
R554: Leviticus 23:8,21,25,35,36
R555: Exodus 23:19; 34:26
R556: Leviticus 6:20
R557: Exodus 34:26; Numbers 15:20,21
R558: Numbers 28:26-31; Deuteronomy 16:9-12
R559: Numbers 28:26
R560: Leviticus 2:12; 7:13
R561: Leviticus 4:23; Numbers 28:30
R562: Leviticus 23:2,4
R563: Leviticus 23:7
R564: Leviticus 19:9,10; Deuteronomy 24:19; Ruth 2:15f
R565: Numbers 29:1
R566: Numbers 10:9,10
R567: Leviticus 23:21
R568: Leviticus 16:29; 25:9; Numbers 29:7
R569: Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 16:30; 23:28; Numbers 29:7-11
R570: Leviticus 23:27
R571: Leviticus 16:34
R572: Genesis 17:14; Leviticus 13:46; Numbers 5:2
R573: Numbers 29:12
R574: Leviticus 23:42,43; Deuteronomy 16:13,16; Ezra 3:4; Nehemiah 8:14; Zechariah 14:16; John 7:2
R575: Leviticus 23:25
R576: Numbers 29:12-34
R577: Numbers 29:35-38
R578: Leviticus 23:2
R579: Numbers 28:1-29:38
R580: Exodus 23:16
R581: Leviticus 23:34
R582: Deuteronomy 31:13; Psalms 78:5f
R583: Leviticus 23:37