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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Luke 23
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of LukeClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    23:1-56 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Jesus before Pilate

1 Then the whole body of them got up and brought R980 Him before Pilate. 2 And R981 they began to accuse Him, saying, "We found this man misleading R982 our nation and forbidding R983 to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is Christ, F490 a King." 3 So Pilate asked Him, saying, "Are You the King of the Jews?" And He answered him and said, "It R984 is as you say." 4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, "I R985 find no guilt in this man." 5 But they kept on insisting, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching all over Judea, starting R986 from Galilee even as far as this place."

6 When Pilate heard it, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7 And when he learned that He belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, R987 who himself also was in Jerusalem at F491 that time.

Jesus before Herod

8 Now Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus; for he R988 had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some sign F492 performed by Him. 9 And he questioned Him at F493 some length; but He R989 answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and the scribes were standing there, accusing Him vehemently. 11 And Herod with his soldiers, after treating Him with contempt and mocking Him, dressed R990 Him in a gorgeous robe and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 Now Herod R991 and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for before they had been enemies with each other.

Pilate Seeks Jesus' Release

13 Pilate summoned the chief priests and the rulers R992 and the people, 14 and said to them, "You brought this man to me as one who incites R993 the people to rebellion, and behold, having examined Him before you, I have R994 found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him. 15 "No, nor has Herod, R995 for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him. 16 "Therefore I will punish R996 Him and release Him." 17 [Now F494 he was obliged to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]

18 But they cried out all together, saying, "Away R997 with this man, and release for us Barabbas!" 19 (He was one who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection made in the city, and for murder.) 20 Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, 21 but they kept on calling out, saying, "Crucify, crucify Him!" 22 And he said to them the third time, "Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt demanding death; therefore I will punish R998 Him and release Him." 23 But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. 24 And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted. 25 And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered Jesus to their will.

Simon Bears the Cross

26 When R999 they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of Cyrene, R1000 coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross to carry behind Jesus.

27 And following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were mourning R1001 F495 and lamenting Him. 28 But Jesus turning to them said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 "For behold, the days are coming when they will say, `Blessed R1002 are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.' 30 "Then they will begin TO SAY R1003 TO THE MOUNTAINS, `FALL ON US,' AND TO THE HILLS, `COVER US.' 31 "For if they do these things when F496 the tree is green, what will happen when F497 it is dry?"

32 Two R1004 others also, who were criminals, were being led away to be put to death with Him.

The Crucifixion

33 When R1005 they came to the place called The F498 Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 But F499 Jesus was saying, "Father, R1006 forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing." And R1007 they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves. 35 And the people stood by, looking on. And even the rulers R1008 were sneering at Him, saying, "He saved others; let R1009 Him save Himself if this is the Christ F500 of God, His Chosen One." 36 The soldiers also mocked Him, coming up to Him, offering R1010 Him sour wine, 37 and saying, "If R1011 You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!" 38 Now there was also an inscription above Him, "THIS R1012 IS THE KING OF THE JEWS."

39 One R1013 of the criminals who were hanged there was hurling F501 abuse at Him, saying, "Are You not the Christ? F502 Save R1014 Yourself and us!" 40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, "Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 "And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving what F503 we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong." 42 And he was saying, "Jesus, remember me when You come in F504 Your kingdom!" 43 And He said to him, "Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise." R1015

44 It R1016 was now about the R1017 F505 sixth hour, and darkness fell F506 over the whole land until the F507 ninth hour, 45 because F508 the sun was obscured; and the R1018 veil of the temple was torn in F509 two. 46 And Jesus, crying R1019 out with a loud voice, said, "Father, INTO R1020 YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT." Having said this, He breathed His last. 47 Now R1021 when the centurion saw what had happened, he began praising R1022 God, saying, "Certainly this man was innocent." F510 48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, began to return, beating R1023 F511 their breasts. 49 And R1024 all His acquaintances and the R1024 women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things.

Jesus Is Buried

50 And R1025 a man named Joseph, who was a member R1026 of the Council, a good and righteous man 51 (he had not consented to their plan and action), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was waiting R1027 for the kingdom of God; 52 this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever lain. 54 It was the R1028 preparation F512 day, and the Sabbath was about to begin. F513 55 Now the R1029 women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 Then they returned and prepared R1030 spices and perfumes.

And on R1031 the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.


FOOTNOTES:
F490: I.e. Messiah
F491: Lit in these days
F492: Or attesting miracle
F493: Lit in many words
F494: Early mss do not contain this v
F495: Lit beating the breast
F496: Lit in the green tree
F497: Lit in the dry
F498: In Lat Calvarius; or Calvary
F499: Some early mss do not contain But Jesus was saying...doing
F500: I.e. Messiah
F501: Or blaspheming
F502: I.e. Messiah
F503: Lit things worthy of what we have done
F504: Or into
F505: I.e. noon
F506: Or occurred
F507: I.e. 3 p.m.
F508: Lit the sun failing
F509: Lit in the middle
F510: Lit righteous
F511: I.e. as a traditional sign of mourning or contrition
F512: I.e. preparation for the Sabbath
F513: Lit dawn

CROSS REFERENCES:
R980: Matthew 27:2; Mark 15:1; John 18:28
R981: Luke 23:2,3; {Matthew 27:11-14; Mark 15:2-5; John 18:29-37}
R982: Luke 23:14
R983: Luke 20:22; John 18:33ff; 19:12; Acts 17:7
R984: Luke 22:70
R985: Matthew 27:23; Mark 15:14; Luke 23:14,22; John 18:38; 19:4,6
R986: Matthew 4:12
R987: Matthew 14:1; Mark 6:14; Luke 3:1; 9:7; 13:31
R988: Luke 9:9
R989: Matthew 27:12,14; Mark 15:5; John 19:9
R990: Matthew 27:28
R991: Acts 4:27
R992: Luke 23:35; John 7:26,48; 12:42; Acts 3:17; 4:5,8; 13:27
R993: Luke 23:2
R994: Luke 23:4
R995: Luke 9:9
R996: Matthew 27:26; Mark 15:15; Luke 23:22; John 19:1; Acts 16:37
R997: Luke 23:18-25; {Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:6-15}; John 18:39-19:16
R998: Luke 23:16
R999: Luke 23:26; {Matthew 27:32; Mark 15:21}; John 19:17
R1000: Matthew 27:32
R1001: Luke 8:52
R1002: Matthew 24:19; Luke 11:27; 21:23
R1003: Hosea 10:8; Isaiah 2:19,20; Revelation 6:16
R1004: Matthew 27:38; Mark 15:27; John 19:18
R1005: Luke 23:33-43; {Matthew 27:33-44; Mark 15:22-32; John 19:17-24}
R1006: Matthew 11:25; Luke 22:42
R1007: Psalms 22:18; John 19:24
R1008: Luke 23:13
R1009: Matthew 27:43
R1010: Matthew 27:48
R1011: Matthew 27:43
R1012: Matthew 27:37; Mark 15:26; John 19:19
R1013: Matthew 27:44; Mark 15:32; Luke 23:39-43
R1014: Luke 23:35,37
R1015: 2 Corinthians 12:4; Revelation 2:7
R1016: Luke 23:44-49; {Matthew 27:45-56; Mark 15:33-41}
R1017: John 19:14
R1018: Exodus 26:31-33; Matthew 27:51
R1019: Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; John 19:30
R1020: Psalms 31:5
R1021: Matthew 27:54; Mark 15:39
R1022: Matthew 9:8
R1023: Luke 8:52; 18:13
R1024: Matthew 27:55f; Mark 15:40f; Luke 8:2; John 19:25
R1024: Matthew 27:55f; Mark 15:40f; Luke 8:2; John 19:25
R1025: Luke 23:50-56; {Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:42-47; John 19:38-42}
R1026: Mark 15:43
R1027: Mark 15:43; Luke 2:25
R1028: Matthew 27:62; Mark 15:42
R1029: Luke 23:49
R1030: Mark 16:1; Luke 24:1
R1031: Exodus 20:10f; Deuteronomy 5:14

 
 

Copyright Statement: The New American Standard Bible
Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
For usage information, please read the NASB Copyright Statement.


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