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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Matthew 13
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 NAVBAR             of 28

The New American Standard Bible
   Book of MatthewClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    13:1-58 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Jesus Teaches in Parables

1 That day Jesus went out of the R473 house and was sitting by R474 the sea. 2 And large F294 crowds gathered to Him, so He R475 got into a boat and sat down, and the whole crowd was standing on the beach.

3 And He spoke many things to them in parables, R476 saying, "Behold, the sower went out to sow; 4 and as he sowed, some seeds fell beside the road, and the birds came and ate them up. 5 "Others fell on the rocky places, where they did not have much soil; and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of soil. 6 "But when the sun had risen, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. 7 "Others fell among F295 the thorns, and the thorns came up and choked them out. 8 "And others fell on the good soil and yielded a crop, some a hundredfold, R477 some sixty, and some thirty. 9 "He R478 who has ears, let F296 him hear."

An Explanation

10 And the disciples came and said to Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?" 11 Jesus F297 answered them, "To R479 you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been granted. 12 "For R480 whoever has, to him more shall be given, and he will have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has shall be taken away from him. 13 "Therefore I speak to them in parables; because while seeing R481 they do not see, and while hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. 14 "In F298 their case the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, which says, `YOU R482 F299 WILL KEEP ON HEARING, BUT F300 WILL NOT UNDERSTAND; YOU F301 WILL KEEP ON SEEING, BUT WILL NOT PERCEIVE;

15 FOR R483 THE HEART OF THIS PEOPLE HAS BECOME DULL,

WITH THEIR EARS THEY SCARCELY HEAR,

AND THEY HAVE CLOSED THEIR EYES,

OTHERWISE THEY WOULD SEE WITH THEIR EYES,

HEAR WITH THEIR EARS,

AND UNDERSTAND WITH THEIR HEART AND RETURN,

AND I WOULD HEAL THEM.'

16 "But R484 blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear. 17 "For truly I say to you that many R485 prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

The Sower Explained

18 "Hear R486 then the parable of the sower. 19 "When anyone hears the R487 word F302 of the kingdom and does not understand it, the R488 evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is the one on whom seed was sown beside the road. 20 "The one on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, this is the man who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; 21 yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, F303 immediately he falls R489 F304 away. 22 "And the one on whom seed was sown among the thorns, this is the man who hears the word, and the worry of the R490 world F305 and the deceitfulness R491 of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 23 "And the one on whom seed was sown on the good soil, this is the man who hears the word and understands it; who indeed bears fruit and brings forth, some a R492 hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty."

Tares among Wheat

24 Jesus presented another parable to them, saying, "The R493 kingdom of heaven may F306 be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 "But while his men were sleeping, his enemy came and sowed tares F307 among the wheat, and went away. 26 "But when the wheat F308 sprouted and bore grain, then the tares became evident also. 27 "The slaves of the landowner came and said to him, `Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How F309 then does it have tares?' 28 "And he said to them, `An enemy F310 has done this!' The slaves said to him, `Do you want us, then, to go and gather them up?' 29 "But he said, `No; for while you are gathering up the tares, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 `Allow both to grow together until the harvest; and in the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, "First gather up the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them up; but gather R494 the wheat into my barn.""'

The Mustard Seed

31 He presented another parable to them, saying, "The R495 kingdom of heaven is like a R496 mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field; 32 and this is smaller than all other seeds, but when it is full grown, it is larger than the garden plants and becomes a tree, so that THE R497 BIRDS OF THE AIR F311 come and NEST IN ITS BRANCHES."

The Leaven

33 He spoke another parable to them, "The R498 kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three R499 pecks F312 of flour until it was all leavened."

34 All these things Jesus spoke to the crowds in parables, and He did not speak to them without R500 a parable. 35 This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: "I R501 WILL OPEN MY MOUTH IN PARABLES; I WILL UTTER THINGS HIDDEN SINCE THE FOUNDATION OF THE WORLD."

The Tares Explained

36 Then He left the crowds and went into the R502 house. And His disciples came to Him and said, "Explain R503 to us the parable of the tares F313 of the field." 37 And He said, "The one who sows the good seed is the R504 Son of Man, 38 and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the R505 sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the R506 sons of the R507 evil one; 39 and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the harvest is the R508 end F314 of the age; and the reapers are angels. 40 "So just as the tares are gathered up and burned with fire, so shall it be at the R509 end F315 of the age. 41 "The R510 Son of Man will R511 send forth His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all F316 stumbling R512 blocks, and those who commit lawlessness, 42 and will R513 throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there R514 will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. 43 "Then R515 THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SHINE FORTH AS THE SUN in the kingdom of their Father. He R516 who has ears, let F317 him hear.

Hidden Treasure

44 "The R517 kingdom of heaven is like a treasure hidden in the field, which a man found and hid again; and from joy over it he goes and sells R518 all that he has and buys that field.

A Costly Pearl

45 "Again, the R519 kingdom of heaven is like a merchant seeking fine pearls, 46 and upon finding one pearl of great value, he went and sold all that he had and bought it.

A Dragnet

47 "Again, the R520 kingdom of heaven is like a dragnet cast into the sea, and gathering fish of every kind; 48 and when it was filled, they drew it up on the beach; and they sat down and gathered the good fish into containers, but the bad they threw away. 49 "So it will be at the R521 end F318 of the age; the angels will come forth and take F319 out the wicked from among the righteous, 50 and will R522 throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there R523 will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

51 "Have you understood all these things?" They said to Him, "Yes." 52 And Jesus F320 said to them, "Therefore every scribe who has become a disciple of the kingdom of heaven is like a head of a household, who brings out of his treasure things new and old."

Jesus Revisits Nazareth

53 When R524 Jesus had finished these parables, He departed from there. 54 He R525 came to His F321 hometown and began R526 teaching them in their synagogue, so that they R527 were astonished, and said, "Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous F322 powers? 55 "Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not His R528 mother called Mary, and His brothers, R528 James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? 56 "And His R529 sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this man get all these things?" 57 And they took offense R530 at Him. But Jesus said to them, "A R531 prophet is not without honor except in his hometown F323 and in his own household." 58 And He did not do many miracles F324 there because of their unbelief.


FOOTNOTES:
F294: Lit Many
F295: Lit upon
F296: Or hear! Or listen!
F297: Lit He
F298: Lit For them
F299: Lit With a hearing you will hear
F300: Lit and
F301: Lit Seeing you will see
F302: I.e. message
F303: I.e. message
F304: Lit is caused to stumble
F305: Or age
F306: Lit was compared to
F307: Or darnel, a weed resembling wheat
F308: Lit grass
F309: Lit From where
F310: Lit enemy man
F311: Or sky
F312: Greek sata
F313: Or darnel, a weed resembling wheat
F314: Or consummation
F315: Or consummation
F316: Or everything that is offensive
F317: Or hear! Or listen!
F318: Or consummation
F319: Or separate
F320: Lit He
F321: Or His own part of the country
F322: Or miracles
F323: Or own part of the country
F324: Or works of power

CROSS REFERENCES:
R473: Matthew 9:28; 13:36
R474: Matthew 13:1-15; {Mark 4:1-12; Luke 8:4-10}; Mark 2:13
R475: Luke 5:3
R476: Matthew 13:10ff; Mark 4:2ff
R477: Genesis 26:12; Matthew 13:23
R478: Matthew 11:15; Revelation 2:7,11,17,29; 3:6,13,22
R479: Matthew 19:11; 20:23; John 6:65; 1 Corinthians 2:10; Colossians 1:27; 1 John 2:20,27
R480: Matthew 25:29; Mark 4:25; Luke 8:18; 19:26
R481: Deuteronomy 29:4; Isaiah 42:19,20; Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2
R482: Isaiah 6:9; Mark 4:12; Luke 8:10; John 12:40; Acts 28:26,27; Romans 10:16; 11:8
R483: Isaiah 6:10; Psalms 119:70; Zechariah 7:11; Luke 19:42; John 8:43,44; 2 Timothy 4:4; Hebrews 5:11
R484: Matthew 13:16,17; {Luke 10:23,24}; Matthew 16:17; John 20:29
R485: John 8:56; Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 1:10-12
R486: Matthew 13:18-23; {Mark 4:13-20; Luke 8:11-15}
R487: Matthew 4:23
R488: Matthew 5:37
R489: Matthew 11:6
R490: Matthew 12:32; 13:39; Mark 4:19; Romans 12:2; 1 Corinthians 1:20; 2:6,8; 3:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Galatians 1:4; Ephesians 2:2
R491: Matthew 19:23; 1 Timothy 6:9,10,17
R492: Matthew 13:8
R493: Matthew 13:31,33,45,47; 18:23; 20:1; 22:2; 25:1; Mark 4:26-30; Luke 13:18,20
R494: Matthew 3:12
R495: Matthew 13:31,32; {Mark 4:30-32; Luke 13:18,19}; Matthew 13:24
R496: Matthew 17:20; Luke 17:6
R497: Ezekiel 17:23; Psalms 104:12; Ezekiel 31:6; Daniel 4:12
R498: Matthew 13:33; {Luke 13:21}; Matthew 13:24
R499: Genesis 18:6; Judges 6:19; 1 Samuel 1:24
R500: Mark 4:34; John 10:6; 16:25
R501: Psalms 78:2
R502: Matthew 13:1
R503: Matthew 15:15
R504: Matthew 8:20
R505: Matthew 8:12
R506: John 8:44; Acts 13:10; 1 John 3:10
R507: Matthew 5:37
R508: Matthew 12:32; 13:22,40,49; 24:3; 28:20; 1 Corinthians 10:11; Hebrews 9:26
R509: Matthew 12:32; 13:22,39,49; 24:3; 28:20; 1 Corinthians 10:11; Hebrews 9:26
R510: Matthew 8:20
R511: Matthew 24:31
R512: Zephaniah 1:3
R513: Matthew 13:50
R514: Matthew 8:12
R515: Daniel 12:3
R516: Matthew 11:15
R517: Matthew 13:24
R518: Matthew 13:46
R519: Matthew 13:24
R520: Matthew 13:44
R521: Matthew 13:39,40
R522: Matthew 13:42
R523: Matthew 8:12
R524: Matthew 7:28
R525: Matthew 13:54-58; {Mark 6:1-6}
R526: Matthew 4:23
R527: Matthew 7:28
R528: Matthew 12:46
R528: Matthew 12:46
R529: Mark 6:3
R530: Matthew 11:6
R531: Mark 6:4; Luke 4:24; John 4:44

 
 

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