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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Matthew 16
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of MatthewClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    16:1-28 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Pharisees Test Jesus

1 The R592 Pharisees R593 and Sadducees came up, and testing Jesus, they asked R594 Him to show them a sign F363 from heaven. 2 But He replied to them, "When R595 F364 it is evening, you say, `It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.' 3 "And in the morning, `There will be a storm today, for the sky is red and threatening.' Do R596 you know how to discern the appearance F365 of the sky, but cannot discern the signs of the times? 4 "An R597 evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign; F366 and a sign F366 will not be given it, except the sign of Jonah." And He left them and went away.

5 And the disciples came to the other side of the sea, but they had forgotten to bring any bread. 6 And Jesus said to them, "Watch out and beware R598 of the leaven F367 of the Pharisees R599 and Sadducees." 7 They began to discuss this among themselves, saying, "He said that because we did not bring any bread." 8 But Jesus, aware of this, said, "You R600 men of little faith, why do you discuss among yourselves that you have no bread? 9 "Do you not yet understand or remember the R601 five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets full you picked up? 10 "Or the R602 seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many large baskets full you picked up? 11 "How is it that you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread? But beware R603 of the leaven F368 of the Pharisees R604 and Sadducees." 12 Then they understood that He did not say to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees R605 and Sadducees.

Peter's Confession of Christ

13 Now R606 when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea R607 Philippi, He was asking His disciples, "Who do people say that the R608 Son of Man is?" 14 And they said, "Some say John R609 the Baptist; and others, Elijah; R610 F369 but still others, Jeremiah, F370 or one of the prophets." 15 He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" 16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the R611 F371 Christ, the R612 Son of the R613 living God." 17 And Jesus said to him, "Blessed are you, Simon R614 Barjona, F372 because flesh R615 and blood did not reveal this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. 18 "I also say to you that you are Peter, R616 F373 and upon this rock F374 I will build My church; and the gates of Hades R617 will not overpower it. 19 "I will give you the R618 keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever R619 you bind on earth shall F375 have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall F376 have been loosed in heaven." 20 Then R620 He warned F377 the disciples that they should tell no one that He was the R621 F378 Christ.

Jesus Foretells His Death

21 From R622 that time Jesus F379 began to show His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer R623 many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day. 22 Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, "God F380 forbid it, Lord! This shall never happen F381 to You." 23 But He turned and said to Peter, "Get behind Me, Satan! R624 You are a stumbling block to Me; for you are not setting your mind on God's F382 interests, but man's."

Discipleship Is Costly

24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, "If anyone wishes to come after Me, he must deny himself, and take R625 up his cross and follow Me. 25 "For whoever R626 wishes to save his life F383 will lose it; but whoever loses his life F383 for My sake will find it. 26 "For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul? 27 "For the Son R627 of Man is R628 going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels, and WILL R629 THEN REPAY F384 EVERY MAN ACCORDING TO HIS DEEDS F385 .

28 "Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son R630 of Man coming R631 in His kingdom."

F363: Or attesting miracle
F364: Early mss do not contain the rest of v 2 and v 3
F365: Lit face
F366: Or attesting miracle
F366: Or attesting miracle
F367: Or yeast
F368: Or yeast
F369: Greek Elias
F370: Greek Jeremias
F371: I.e. the Messiah
F372: I.e. son of Jonah
F373: Greek Petros, a stone
F374: Greek petra, large rock; bed-rock
F375: Greek estai dedemenon, fut. pft. pass.
F376: Greek estai lelumenon, fut. pft. pass.
F377: Or strictly admonished
F378: I.e. the Messiah
F379: Two early mss read Jesus Christ
F380: Lit (God be) merciful to You
F381: Lit be
F382: Lit the things of God
F383: Or soul
F383: Or soul
F384: Or recompense
F385: Lit doing

R592: Matthew 16:1-12; {Mark 8:11-21}
R593: Matthew 3:7; 16:6,11,12
R594: Matthew 12:38; Luke 11:16
R595: Luke 12:54f
R596: Luke 12:56
R597: Matthew 12:39; Luke 11:29
R598: Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1
R599: Matthew 3:7
R600: Matthew 6:30; 8:26; 14:31
R601: Matthew 14:17-21
R602: Matthew 15:34-38
R603: Matthew 16:6; Mark 8:15; Luke 12:1
R604: Matthew 3:7; 16:6,12
R605: Matthew 3:7; 5:20
R606: Matthew 16:13-16; {Mark 8:27-29; Luke 9:18-20}
R607: Mark 8:27
R608: Matthew 8:20; 16:27,28
R609: Matthew 14:2
R610: Matthew 17:10; Mark 6:15; Luke 9:8; John 1:21
R611: Matthew 1:16; 16:20; John 11:27
R612: Matthew 4:3
R613: Psalms 42:2; Matthew 26:63; Acts 14:15; Romans 9:26; 2 Corinthians 3:3; 6:16; 1 Thessalonians 1:9; 1 Timothy 3:15; 4:10; Hebrews 3:12; 9:14; 10:31; 12:22; Revelation 7:2
R614: John 1:42; 21:15-17
R615: 1 Corinthians 15:50; Galatians 1:16; Ephesians 6:12; Hebrews 2:14
R616: Matthew 4:18
R617: Matthew 11:23
R618: Isaiah 22:22; Revelation 1:18; 3:7
R619: Matthew 18:18; John 20:23
R620: Matthew 8:4; Mark 8:30; Luke 9:21
R621: Matthew 1:16; 16:16; John 11:27
R622: Matthew 16:21-28; {Mark 8:31-9:1; Luke 9:22-27}
R623: Matthew 12:40; 17:9,12,22f; 20:18f; 27:63; Mark 9:12,31; Luke 17:25; 18:32; 24:7; John 2:19
R624: Matthew 4:10
R625: Matthew 10:38; Luke 14:27
R626: Matthew 10:39
R627: Matthew 8:20
R628: Matthew 10:23; 24:3,27,37,39; 26:64; Mark 8:38; 13:26; Luke 21:27; John 21:22; Acts 1:11; 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 4:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:7,10; 2:1,8; James 5:7f; 2 Peter 1:16; 3:4,12; 1 John 2:28; Revelation 1:7
R629: Psalms 62:12; Proverbs 24:12; Romans 2:6; 14:12; 1 Corinthians 3:13; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Ephesians 6:8; Colossians 3:25; Revelation 2:23; 20:12; 22:12
R630: Matthew 8:20
R631: Matthew 10:23; 24:3,27,37,39; 26:64; Mark 8:38; 13:26; Luke 21:27; John 21:22; Acts 1:11; 1 Corinthians 15:23; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 4:16; 2 Thessalonians 1:7,10; 2:1,8; James 5:7f; 2 Peter 1:16; 3:4,12; 1 John 2:28; Revelation 1:7


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