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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Matthew 5
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of MatthewClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    5:1-48 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Sermon on the Mount; The Beatitudes

1 When R114 Jesus saw the crowds, He went up on the R115 mountain; F58 and after He sat down, His disciples came to Him. 2 He R116 opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying,

3 "Blessed R117 F59 are the poor F60 in spirit, for theirs R118 is the kingdom of heaven.

4 "Blessed are those R119 who mourn, for they shall be comforted.

5 "Blessed are the R120 gentle, F61 for they shall inherit the earth.

6 "Blessed are those R121 who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.

7 "Blessed are the R122 merciful, for they shall receive mercy.

8 "Blessed are the R123 pure in heart, for they R124 shall see God.

9 "Blessed are the peacemakers, for they R125 shall be called sons of God.

10 "Blessed are those who have been persecuted R126 for the sake of righteousness, for theirs R127 is the kingdom of heaven.

11 "Blessed are you when people insult R128 you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. 12 "Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in R129 the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Disciples and the World

13 "You are the salt of the earth; but if R130 the salt has become tasteless, how can F62 it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men.

14 "You are the R131 light of the world. A city set on a hill F63 cannot be hidden; 15 nor R132 does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket, F64 but on the lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 "Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see R133 your good works, and glorify R134 your Father who is in heaven.

17 "Do not think that I came to abolish the Law R135 or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. 18 "For truly I say to you, until R136 heaven and earth pass away, not the F65 smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. 19 "Whoever then annuls one of the least of these commandments, and teaches others F66 to do the same, shall be called least in R137 the kingdom of heaven; but whoever keeps F67 and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20 "For I say to you that unless your righteousness R138 surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.

Personal Relationships

21 "You R139 have heard that the F68 ancients were told, `YOU R140 SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER' and `Whoever commits murder shall be liable F69 to the R141 court.' 22 "But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty F70 before the R142 court; and whoever says to his brother, `You F71 good-for-nothing,' shall be guilty F70 before the R143 F72 supreme court; and whoever says, `You fool,' shall be guilty F70 enough to go into the fiery R144 F73 hell. 23 "Therefore if you are presenting R145 your offering F74 at the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your offering F75 there before the altar and go; first be reconciled R146 to your brother, and then come and present your offering. F75 25 "Make R147 friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way, so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. 26 "Truly I say to you, you R148 will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent. F76

27 "You R149 have heard that it was said, `YOU R150 SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY'; 28 but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with R151 lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 "If R152 your right eye makes you stumble, F77 tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you to F78 lose one of the parts of your body, than F79 for your whole body to be thrown into hell. R153 F80 30 "If R154 your right hand makes you stumble, F81 cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you to F82 lose one of the parts of your body, than F83 for your whole body to go into hell. R155 F84

31 "It was said, `WHOEVER R156 SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY, LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE'; 32 but R157 I say to you that everyone who divorces F85 his wife, except for the reason of unchastity, makes her commit adultery; and whoever marries a divorced F86 woman commits adultery.

33 "Again, you R158 have heard that the F87 ancients were told, `YOU R159 F88 SHALL NOT MAKE F89 FALSE VOWS, BUT SHALL FULFILL YOUR VOWS F90 TO THE LORD.' 34 "But I say to you, make R160 no oath at all, either by heaven, for it is the R161 throne of God, 35 or by the earth, for it is the footstool R162 of His feet, or by F91 Jerusalem, for it is THE R163 CITY OF THE GREAT KING. 36 "Nor shall you make an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. 37 "But let your statement be, `Yes, yes' or `No, no'; anything beyond these is of F92 evil. R164

38 "You R165 have heard that it was said, `AN R166 EYE FOR AN EYE, AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH.' 39 "But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever R167 slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. 40 "If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, F93 let him have your coat F94 also. 41 "Whoever forces F95 you to go one mile, go with him two. 42 "Give R168 to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.

43 "You R169 have heard that it was said, `YOU R170 SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR and R171 hate your enemy.' 44 "But I say to you, love R172 your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may be F96 sons R173 of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 "For if R174 you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 "If you greet only your brothers, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 "Therefore you R175 F97 are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.


FOOTNOTES:
F58: Or hill
F59: I.e. fortunate or prosperous, and so through v 11
F60: I.e. those who are not spiritually arrogant
F61: Or humble, meek
F62: Lit will
F63: Or mountain
F64: Or peck-measure
F65: Lit one iota (Hebrew yodh) or one projection of a letter (serif)
F66: Greek anthropoi
F67: Lit does
F68: Lit it was said to the ancients
F69: Or guilty before
F70: Or liable to
F71: Or empty-head; Greek Raka (Raca) fr Aram reqa
F70: Or liable to
F72: Lit the Sanhedrin
F70: Or liable to
F73: Lit Gehenna of fire
F74: Or gift
F75: Or gift
F75: Or gift
F76: Lit quadrans (equaling two mites); i.e. 1/64 of a daily wage
F77: I.e. sin
F78: Lit that one...be lost
F79: Lit not your whole body
F80: Greek Gehenna
F81: I.e. sin
F82: Lit that one...be lost
F83: Lit not your whole body
F84: Greek Gehenna
F85: Or sends away
F86: Or sent away
F87: Lit it was said to the ancients
F88: you and your are singular here
F89: Or break your vows
F90: Lit oaths
F91: Or toward
F92: Or from the evil one
F93: Lit tunic; i.e. a garment worn next to the body
F94: Lit cloak; i.e. an outer garment
F95: Lit will force
F96: Or show yourselves to be
F97: Lit you shall be

CROSS REFERENCES:
R114: Mattthew 5-7; Luke 6:20-49
R115: Mark 3:13; Luke 6:17; 9:28; John 6:3,15
R116: Matthew 13:35; Acts 8:35; 10:34; 18:14
R117: Matthew 5:3-12; Luke 6:20-23
R118: Matthew 5:10; 19:14; 25:34; Mark 10:14; Luke 6:20; 22:29f
R119: Isaiah 61:2; John 16:20; Revelation 7:17
R120: Psalms 37:11
R121: Isaiah 55:1,2; John 4:14; 6:48ff; 7:37
R122: Proverbs 11:17; Matthew 6:14,15; 18:33-35
R123: Psalms 24:4
R124: Hebrews 12:14; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 22:4
R125: Matthew 5:45; Luke 6:35; Romans 8:14
R126: 1 Peter 3:14
R127: Matthew 5:3; 19:14; 25:34; Mark 10:14; Luke 6:20; 22:29f
R128: 1 Peter 4:14
R129: 2 Chronicles 36:16; Matthew 23:37; Acts 7:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15; Hebrews 11:33ff; James 5:10
R130: Mark 9:50; Luke 14:34f
R131: Proverbs 4:18; John 8:12; 9:5; 12:36
R132: Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16; 11:33; Philippians 2:15
R133: 1 Peter 2:12
R134: Matthew 9:8
R135: Matthew 7:12
R136: Matthew 24:35; Luke 16:17
R137: Matthew 11:11
R138: Luke 18:11,12
R139: Matthew 5:27,33,38,43
R140: Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17
R141: Deuteronomy 16:18; 2 Chronicles 19:5f
R142: Deuteronomy 16:18; 2 Chronicles 19:5f
R143: Matthew 10:17; 26:59; Mark 13:9; 14:55; 15:1; Luke 22:66; John 11:47; Acts 4:15; 5:21; 6:12; 22:30; 23:1; 24:20
R144: Matthew 5:29f; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15,33; Mark 9:43ff; Luke 12:5; James 3:6
R145: Matthew 5:24
R146: Romans 12:17,18
R147: Proverbs 25:8f; Luke 12:58
R148: Luke 12:59
R149: Matthew 5:21,33,38,43
R150: Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18
R151: 2 Samuel 11:2-5; Job 1:31:1; Matthew 15:19; James 1:14,15
R152: Matthew 18:9; Mark 9:47
R153: Matthew 5:22
R154: Matthew 18:8; Mark 9:43
R155: Matthew 5:22
R156: Deuteronomy 24:1,3; Jeremiah 3:1; Matthew 19:7; Mark 10:4
R157: Matthew 19:9; Mark 10:11f; Luke 16:18; 1 Corinthians 7:11f
R158: Matthew 5:21,27,38,43; 23:16ff
R159: Leviticus 19:12; Numbers 30:2; Deuteronomy 23:21,23
R160: James 5:12
R161: Isaiah 66:1; Matthew 23:22
R162: Isaiah 66:1; Acts 7:49
R163: Psalms 48:2
R164: Matthew 6:13; 13:19,38; John 17:15; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 1 John 2:13f; 3:12; 5:18f
R165: Matthew 5:21,27,33,43
R166: Exodus 21:24; Leviticus 24:20; Deuteronomy 19:21
R167: Matthew 5:39-42; {Luke 6:29,30}; 1 Corinthians 6:7
R168: Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Luke 6:34f; 1 Timothy 6:18
R169: Matthew 5:21,27,33,38
R170: Leviticus 19:18
R171: Deuteronomy 23:3-6
R172: Luke 6:27f; 23:34; Acts 7:60; Romans 12:20
R173: Matthew 5:9; Luke 6:35; Acts 14:17
R174: Luke 6:32
R175: Leviticus 19:2; Deuteronomy 18:13; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Philippians 3:12-15

 
 

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Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995; Audio Recording Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, (P) 1989 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, Calif. All rights reserved. Used by permission.
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