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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Numbers 1
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of NumbersClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    1:1-54 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Census of Israel's Warriors

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the R1 first of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying, 2 "Take R2 a census F1 of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, every male, head by head 3 from twenty R3 years old and upward, whoever is able to go out to war in Israel, you and Aaron shall number F2 them by their armies. 4 "With you, moreover, there shall be a man of each tribe, each R4 one head of his father's household. 5 "These then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: of R5 Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur; 6 of Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; 7 of Judah, Nahshon R6 the son of Amminadab; 8 of Issachar, Nethanel the son of Zuar; 9 of Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon; 10 of the sons of Joseph: of Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud; of Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; 11 of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni; 12 of Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; 13 of Asher, Pagiel the son of Ochran; 14 of Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel; R7 15 of Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16 "These are they who were called R8 of the congregation, the leaders of their fathers' tribes; they were the heads R9 of divisions F3 of Israel."

17 So Moses and Aaron took these men who had been designated by name, 18 and they assembled all the congregation together on the first R10 of the second month. Then they registered by ancestry R11 in their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, head by head, 19 just as the R12 LORD had commanded Moses. So he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.

20 Now R13 the sons of Reuben, Israel's firstborn, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 21 their numbered men of the tribe of Reuben were 46,500.

22 Of R14 the sons of Simeon, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, their numbered men, according to the number of names, head by head, every male from twenty years old and upward, whoever R15 was able to go out to war, 23 their numbered men of the tribe of Simeon were 59,300.

24 Of R16 the sons of Gad, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 25 their numbered men of the tribe of Gad were 45,650.

26 Of R17 the sons of Judah, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 27 their numbered men of the tribe of Judah were 74,600.

28 Of R18 the sons of Issachar, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 29 their numbered men of the tribe of Issachar were 54,400.

30 Of R19 the sons of Zebulun, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 31 their numbered men of the tribe of Zebulun were 57,400.

32 Of R20 the sons of Joseph, namely, of the sons of Ephraim, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 33 their numbered men of the tribe of Ephraim were 40,500.

34 Of R21 the sons of Manasseh, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 35 their numbered men of the tribe of Manasseh were 32,200.

36 Of R22 the sons of Benjamin, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 37 their numbered men of the tribe of Benjamin were 35,400.

38 Of R23 the sons of Dan, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 39 their numbered men of the tribe of Dan were 62,700.

40 Of R24 the sons of Asher, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 41 their numbered men of the tribe of Asher were 41,500.

42 Of R25 the sons of Naphtali, their genealogical registration by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war, 43 their numbered men of the tribe of Naphtali were 53,400.

44 These are the ones who were numbered, whom Moses and Aaron numbered, with the leaders of Israel, twelve men, each of whom was of his father's household. 45 So all the numbered men of the sons of Israel by their fathers' households, from twenty years old and upward, whoever was able to go out to war in Israel, 46 even all the numbered men were 603,550. R26

Levites Exempted

47 The R27 Levites, however, were not numbered among them by their fathers' tribe. 48 For the LORD had spoken to Moses, saying, 49 "Only the tribe of Levi you R28 shall not number, nor shall you take their census F4 among the sons of Israel. 50 "But you shall appoint R29 the Levites over the tabernacle F5 of the testimony, and over all its furnishings and over all that belongs to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings, and they shall take care of it; they shall also camp around the tabernacle. F5 51 "So R30 when the tabernacle is to set out, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle encamps, the Levites shall set it up. But the R31 layman F6 who comes near shall be put to death. 52 "The R32 sons of Israel shall camp, each man by his own camp, and each man by his own standard, according to their armies. 53 "But R33 the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the testimony, so that there will be no R34 wrath on the congregation of the sons of Israel. So R35 the Levites shall keep charge of the tabernacle of the testimony." 54 Thus the sons of Israel did; according to all which the LORD had commanded Moses, so they did.


FOOTNOTES:
F1: Lit sum
F2: Lit muster, and so throughout the ch
F3: Lit thousands; or clans
F4: Lit sum
F5: Lit dwelling place, and so throughout the ch
F5: Lit dwelling place, and so throughout the ch
F6: Lit stranger

CROSS REFERENCES:
R1: Exodus 40:2,17
R2: Exodus 12:37; 38:25,26; Numbers 26:2
R3: Exodus 30:14; 38:26
R4: Exodus 18:21,25; Numbers 1:16; Deuteronomy 1:15
R5: Genesis 29:32; Exodus 1:2; Deuteronomy 33:6; Revelation 7:5
R6: Ruth 4:20; 1 Chronicles 2:10; Luke 3:32
R7: Numbers 2:14
R8: Exodus 18:21; Numbers 7:2; 16:2; 26:9
R9: Exodus 18:25
R10: Numbers 1:1
R11: Ezra 2:59; Hebrews 7:3
R12: 2 Samuel 24:1
R13: Numbers 26:5-7
R14: Numbers 26:12-14
R15: Psalms 144:1
R16: Genesis 30:11; Numbers 26:15-18; Joshua 4:12; Jeremiah 49:1
R17: Genesis 29:35; Numbers 26:19-22; 2 Samuel 24:9; Psalms 78:68; Matthew 1:2
R18: Numbers 26:23-25
R19: Numbers 26:26,27
R20: Numbers 26:35-37; Deuteronomy 33:13-17; Jeremiah 7:15; Obadiah 1:1:19
R21: Numbers 26:28-34
R22: Genesis 49:27; Numbers 26:38-41; 2 Chronicles 17:17; Revelation 7:8
R23: Genesis 30:6; 46:23; Numbers 2:25; 26:42,43
R24: Numbers 26:44-47
R25: Numbers 26:48-50
R26: Exodus 12:37; 38:26; Numbers 2:32; 26:51
R27: Numbers 2:33; 3:14-39; 4:49; 26:57-64
R28: Numbers 26:62
R29: Exodus 38:21; Numbers 3:6-8,25-37; 4:15,25-27,31,32
R30: Numbers 4:1-33
R31: Numbers 3:10,38; 4:15,19,20
R32: Numbers 2:2,34
R33: Numbers 3:23,29,35,38
R34: Leviticus 10:6; Numbers 16:46; 18:5
R35: Numbers 8:24; 18:2-4; 1 Chronicles 23:32

 
 

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