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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Proverbs 31
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of ProverbsClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    31:1-31 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

The Words of Lemuel

1 The words of King Lemuel, the oracle F441 which his mother taught him:

2 What, O my son?

And what, O son R1160 of my womb?

And what, O son of my vows? R1161

3 Do R1162 not give your strength to women,

Or your ways to that which destroys R1163 kings.

4 It is not for kings, R1164 O Lemuel,

It is not for kings to drink R1165 wine,

Or for rulers to desire strong drink,

5 For they will drink and forget what is decreed,

And pervert R1166 the rights F442 of all the afflicted. F443

6 Give strong drink to him who is perishing, R1167

And wine to him whose R1168 F444 life is bitter.

7 Let him drink and forget his poverty

And remember his trouble no more.

8 Open R1169 your mouth for the mute,

For the rights F445 of all the unfortunate. F446

9 Open your mouth, judge R1170 righteously,

And defend F447 the rights R1171 of the afflicted and needy.

Description of a Worthy Woman

10 An excellent R1172 wife, who can find?

For her worth is far above R1173 jewels.

11 The heart of her husband trusts in her,

And he will have no lack of gain.

12 She does him good and not evil

All the days of her life.

13 She looks for wool and flax

And works with her hands F448 in F449 delight.

14 She is like merchant R1174 ships;

She brings her food from afar.

15 She rises R1175 also while it is still night

And gives R1176 food to her household

And portions F450 to her maidens.

16 She considers a field and buys it;

From her F451 earnings she plants a vineyard.

17 She girds R1177 herself F452 with strength

And makes her arms strong.

18 She senses that her gain is good;

Her lamp does not go out at night.

19 She stretches out her hands to the distaff,

And her hands F453 grasp the spindle.

20 She extends R1178 F454 her hand to the poor,

And she stretches out her hands to the needy.

21 She is not afraid of the snow for her household,

For all her household are clothed R1179 with scarlet.

22 She makes coverings R1180 for herself;

Her clothing is fine R1181 linen and purple. R1182

23 Her husband is known in R1183 the gates,

When he sits among the elders of the land.

24 She makes linen R1184 garments and sells them,

And supplies F455 belts to the tradesmen. F456

25 Strength and dignity R1185 are her clothing,

And she smiles at the future. F457

26 She opens R1186 her mouth in wisdom,

And the teaching F458 of kindness is on her tongue.

27 She looks well to the ways of her household,

And does not eat the bread R1187 of idleness.

28 Her children rise up and bless her;

Her husband also, and he praises her, saying:

29 "Many daughters have done nobly,

But you excel them all."

30 Charm is deceitful and beauty is vain,

But a woman who fears R1188 F459 the LORD, she shall be praised.

31 Give her the product F460 of her hands,

And let her works praise her in the gates.

F441: Or burden
F442: Lit judgment
F443: Lit sons of affliction
F444: Lit bitter of soul
F445: Lit judgment
F446: Lit sons of passing away
F447: Lit judge the afflicted
F448: Lit palms
F449: Or willingly
F450: Or prescribed tasks
F451: Lit the fruit of her palms
F452: Lit her loins
F453: Lit palms
F454: Lit spreads out her palm
F455: Lit gives
F456: Lit Canaanite
F457: Lit latter days
F458: Or law
F459: Or reverences
F460: Lit fruit

R1160: Isaiah 49:15
R1161: 1 Samuel 1:11
R1162: Proverbs 5:9
R1163: Deuteronomy 17:17; 1 Kings 11:1; Nehemiah 13:26
R1164: Ecclesiastes 10:17
R1165: Proverbs 20:1; Isaiah 5:22; Hosea 4:11
R1166: Exodus 23:6; Deuteronomy 16:19; Proverbs 17:15
R1167: Job 1:29:13
R1168: Job 1:3:20; Isaiah 38:15
R1169: Job 1:29:12-17; Psalms 82
R1170: Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 1:16
R1171: Isaiah 1:17; Jeremiah 22:16
R1172: Ruth 3:11; Proverbs 12:4; 19:14
R1173: Job 1:28:18; Proverbs 8:11
R1174: Ezekiel 27:25
R1175: Proverbs 20:13; Romans 12:11
R1176: Luke 12:42
R1177: 1 Kings 18:46; 2 Kings 4:29; Job 1:38:3
R1178: Deuteronomy 15:11; Job 1:31:16-20; Proverbs 22:9; Romans 12:13; Ephesians 4:28
R1179: 2 Samuel 1:24
R1180: Proverbs 7:16
R1181: Genesis 41:42; Revelation 19:8,14
R1182: Judges 8:26; Luke 16:19
R1183: Deuteronomy 16:18; Ruth 4:1,11
R1184: Judges 14:12
R1185: 1 Timothy 2:9,10
R1186: Proverbs 10:31
R1187: Proverbs 19:15
R1188: Psalms 112:1; Proverbs 22:4


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