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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Romans 9
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The New American Standard Bible
   Book of RomansClick Verse Reference for Study Notes
    9:1-33 - Study Chapter  - Click for Chapter Audio

Solicitude for Israel

1 I R423 am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. 3 For I R424 could wish F150 that I myself were accursed, R425 separated from Christ for the sake of my brethren, my kinsmen according R426 to the flesh, 4 who are Israelites, R427 to whom belongs the R428 adoption as sons, and the R429 glory and the R430 covenants and the R431 giving of the Law and the R432 temple service and the R433 promises, 5 whose are the R434 fathers, and from R435 whom is the F151 Christ according to the flesh, who R436 is over all, God R437 blessed R438 forever. F152 Amen.

6 But it is not as though the R439 word of God has failed. For R440 they are not all Israel who are descended from Israel; 7 nor are they all children because R441 they are Abraham's descendants, F153 but: "THROUGH R442 F154 ISAAC YOUR DESCENDANTS F153 WILL BE NAMED." 8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh who are children R443 of God, but the children R444 of the promise are regarded as descendants. F155 9 For this is the word of promise: "AT R445 THIS TIME I WILL COME, AND SARAH SHALL HAVE A SON." 10 And R446 not only this, but there was Rebekah R447 also, when she had conceived twins by one man, our father Isaac; 11 for though the twins were not yet born and had not done anything good or bad, so that God's R448 purpose according to His choice would stand, F156 not because F157 of works but because F157 of Him who calls, 12 it was said to her, "THE R449 OLDER WILL SERVE THE YOUNGER." 13 Just as it is written, "JACOB R450 I LOVED, BUT ESAU I HATED."

14 What R451 shall we say then? There R452 is no injustice with God, is there? May R453 it never be! 15 For He says to Moses, "I R454 WILL HAVE MERCY ON WHOM I HAVE MERCY, AND I WILL HAVE COMPASSION ON WHOM I HAVE COMPASSION." 16 So then it does not depend on the man who wills or the man who runs, R455 but on God R456 who has mercy. 17 For the Scripture says to Pharaoh, "FOR R457 THIS VERY PURPOSE I RAISED YOU UP, TO DEMONSTRATE MY POWER IN YOU, AND THAT MY NAME MIGHT BE PROCLAIMED THROUGHOUT F158 THE WHOLE EARTH." 18 So then He has mercy on whom He desires, and He hardens R458 whom He desires.

19 You R459 will say to me then, "Why R460 does He still find fault? For who R461 resists His will?" 20 On the contrary, who are you, O R462 man, who answers R463 back to God? The R464 thing molded will not say to the molder, "Why did you make me like this," will it? 21 Or does not the potter have a right over the clay, to make from the same lump one vessel for F159 honorable use and another for F160 common use? 22 What F161 if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience R465 vessels of wrath prepared R466 for destruction? 23 And He did so to make known the R467 riches of His glory upon vessels R468 of mercy, which He prepared R469 beforehand for glory, 24 even us, whom He also called, R470 not R471 from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles. 25 As He says also in Hosea, "I R472 WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, `MY PEOPLE,' AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, `BELOVED.' "

26 "AND R473 IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, `YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,'

THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF THE R474 LIVING GOD."

27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel, "THOUGH R475 THE NUMBER OF THE SONS OF ISRAEL BE LIKE R476 THE SAND OF THE SEA, IT IS THE R477 REMNANT THAT WILL BE SAVED; 28 FOR R478 THE LORD WILL EXECUTE HIS WORD ON THE EARTH, THOROUGHLY F162 AND QUICKLY F163 ." 29 And just as Isaiah foretold, "UNLESS R479 THE R480 LORD OF SABAOTH F164 HAD LEFT TO US A POSTERITY F165 , WE R481 WOULD HAVE BECOME LIKE SODOM, AND WOULD HAVE RESEMBLED F166 GOMORRAH."

30 What R482 shall we say then? That Gentiles, who did not pursue righteousness, attained righteousness, even the R483 righteousness which is by F167 faith; 31 but Israel, pursuing R484 a law of righteousness, did not arrive R485 at that law. 32 Why? Because they did not pursue it by F168 faith, but as though it were by F168 works. They stumbled over the R486 stumbling stone, 33 just as it is written, "BEHOLD R487 , I LAY IN ZION A R488 STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE, AND R489 HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM WILL R490 NOT BE DISAPPOINTED F169 ."


FOOTNOTES:
F150: Lit pray
F151: I.e. the Messiah
F152: Lit unto the ages
F153: Lit seed
F154: Lit in
F153: Lit seed
F155: Lit seed
F156: Lit remain
F157: Lit from
F157: Lit from
F158: Lit in
F159: Lit for honor
F160: Lit for dishonor
F161: Lit But
F162: Lit finishing it
F163: Lit cutting it short
F164: I.e. Hosts
F165: Lit seed
F166: Lit been made like
F167: Lit out of
F168: Lit out of
F168: Lit out of
F169: Lit put to shame

CROSS REFERENCES:
R423: 2 Corinthians 11:10; Galatians 1:20; 1 Timothy 2:7
R424: Exodus 32:32
R425: 1 Corinthians 12:3; 16:22; Galatians 1:8f
R426: Romans 1:3; 11:14; Ephesians 6:5
R427: Deuteronomy 7:6; 14:1f; Romans 9:6
R428: Exodus 4:22; Romans 8:15
R429: Exodus 40:34; 1 Kings 8:11; Ezekiel 1:28; Hebrews 9:5
R430: Genesis 17:2; Deuteronomy 29:14; Luke 1:72; Acts 3:25; Ephesians 2:12
R431: Deuteronomy 4:13f; Psalms 147:19
R432: Hebrews 9:1,6
R433: Acts 2:39; 13:32; Ephesians 2:12
R434: Acts 3:13; Romans 11:28
R435: Matthew 1:1-16; Romans 1:3
R436: Colossians 1:16-19
R437: John 1:1
R438: Romans 1:25
R439: Numbers 23:19
R440: John 1:47; Romans 2:28f; Galatians 6:16
R441: John 8:33,39; Galatians 4:23
R442: Genesis 21:12; Hebrews 11:18
R443: Romans 8:14
R444: Romans 4:13,16; Galatians 3:29; 4:28; Hebrews 11:11
R445: Genesis 18:10
R446: Romans 5:3
R447: Genesis 25:21
R448: Romans 4:17; 8:28
R449: Genesis 25:23
R450: Malachi 1:2f
R451: Romans 3:5
R452: 2 Chronicles 19:7; Romans 2:11
R453: Luke 20:16
R454: Exodus 33:19
R455: Galatians 2:2
R456: Ephesians 2:8
R457: Exodus 9:16
R458: Exodus 4:21; 7:3; 9:12; 10:20,27; 11:10; 14:4,17; Deuteronomy 2:30; Joshua 11:20; John 12:40; Romans 11:7,25
R459: Romans 11:19; 1 Corinthians 15:35; James 2:18
R460: Romans 3:7
R461: 2 Chronicles 20:6; Job 1:9:12; Daniel 4:35
R462: Romans 2:1
R463: Job 1:33:13
R464: Isaiah 29:16; 45:9; 64:8; Jeremiah 18:6; Romans 9:22f; 2 Timothy 2:20
R465: Romans 2:4
R466: Proverbs 16:4; 1 Peter 2:8
R467: Romans 2:4; Ephesians 3:16
R468: Acts 9:15
R469: Romans 8:29f
R470: Romans 8:28
R471: Romans 3:29
R472: Hosea 2:23; 1 Peter 2:10
R473: Hosea 1:10
R474: Matthew 16:16
R475: Isaiah 10:22
R476: Genesis 22:17; Hosea 1:10
R477: Romans 11:5
R478: Isaiah 10:23
R479: Isaiah 1:9
R480: James 5:4
R481: Deuteronomy 29:23; Isaiah 13:19; Jeremiah 49:18; 50:40; Amos 4:11
R482: Romans 9:14
R483: Romans 1:17; 3:21f; 10:6; Galatians 2:16; 3:24; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 11:7
R484: Isaiah 51:1; Romans 9:30; 10:2f,20; 11:7
R485: Galatians 5:4
R486: Isaiah 8:14; 1 Peter 2:6,8
R487: Isaiah 28:16
R488: Isaiah 8:14
R489: Romans 10:11
R490: Romans 5:5

 
 

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