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Home > Study Desk
Passage Display[Printer-friendly Verses]   
 Ruth 1
  in: using:  
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The Holy Bible, New International Version®
   Book of Ruth
   Chapter 1
1:1 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
In the days when the judges ruled, F1 there was a famine in the land, and a man from Bethlehem in Judah, together with his wife and two sons, went to live for a while in the country of Moab.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:1
BCC -> Commentary on 1:1
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:1
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:1
JFB -> Commentary on 1:1
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:1
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:1
SRN -> Study Notes on 1:1
TSK -> Entry for 1:1
WEN -> Notes on 1:1
NTB -> Bethlehem; Canaan; Love; Naomi; Readings, Select; Widow; Women
TCR -> Abundance-Want; Famine; Sojourners
TTT -> Famine; Judah, The Tribe of
ATS -> Famine; Mahlon
BED -> Foreigner; Ruth, Theology of
EBD -> Dearth
HBD -> Bethlehem; Economic Life; Famine And Drought; Mission; Moab And The Moabite Stone; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Bethlehem; Moab; Ruth, Book of
EDL -> Devotional using 1:1


1:2 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
The man's name was Elimelech, his wife's name Naomi, and the names of his two sons were Mahlon and Kilion. They were Ephrathites from Bethlehem, Judah. And they went to Moab and lived there.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:2
BCC -> Commentary on 1:2
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:2
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:2
JFB -> Commentary on 1:2
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:2
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:2
TSK -> Entry for 1:2
WEN -> Notes on 1:2
NTB -> Chilion; Elimelech; Mahlon; Readings, Select
TCR -> Elimelech
TTT -> Judah, The Tribe of
ATS -> Elimelech; Ephrath; Mahlon
EBD -> Chilion; Elimelech; Ephratah; Ephrathite; Mahlon; Moab; Naomi
HBD -> Bethlehem; Chilion; Elimelech; Ephratah; Mahlon; Mission; Moab And The Moabite Stone; Naomi; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Bethlehem; Chillon; Elimelech; Ephrathite; Mahlon; Moab; Naomi
EDL -> Devotional using 1:2


1:3 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
Now Elimelech, Naomi's husband, died, and she was left with her two sons.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:3
BCC -> Commentary on 1:3
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:3
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:3
JFB -> Commentary on 1:3
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:3
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:3
TSK -> Entry for 1:3
WEN -> Notes on 1:3
NTB -> Bereavement; Elimelech; Readings, Select; Widow
TCR -> Widows; Women
ATS -> Mahlon
EBD -> Elimelech
HBD -> Elimelech; Mission; Moab And The Moabite Stone; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Chillon; Elimelech
EDL -> Devotional using 1:3


1:4 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
They married Moabite women, one named Orpah and the other Ruth. After they had lived there about ten years,
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:4
BCC -> Commentary on 1:4
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:4
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:4
JFB -> Commentary on 1:4
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:4
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:4
TSK -> Entry for 1:4
WEN -> Notes on 1:4
NTB -> Chilion; Moabites; Orpah; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TTT -> Moabites; Wives
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
EBD -> Orpah
HBD -> Mission; Moab And The Moabite Stone; Naomi; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Chillon
EDL -> Devotional using 1:4


1:5 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
both Mahlon and Kilion also died, and Naomi was left without her two sons and her husband.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:5
BCC -> Commentary on 1:5
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:5
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:5
JFB -> Commentary on 1:5
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:5
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:5
TSK -> Entry for 1:5
WEN -> Notes on 1:5
NTB -> Bereavement; Chilion; Mahlon; Readings, Select
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
EBD -> Mahlon
HBD -> Mahlon; Mission; Moab And The Moabite Stone; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Chillon; Mahlon
EDL -> Devotional using 1:5


1:6 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
When she heard in Moab that the LORD had come to the aid of his people by providing food for them, Naomi and her daughters-in-law prepared to return home from there.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:6
BCC -> Commentary on 1:6
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:6
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:6
JFB -> Commentary on 1:6
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:6
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:6
TSK -> Entry for 1:6
WEN -> Notes on 1:6
NTB -> God (continued); Readings, Select; Ruth
TTT -> Bread
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
EBD -> Moab
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Moab
EDL -> Devotional using 1:6


1:7 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
With her two daughters-in-law she left the place where she had been living and set out on the road that would take them back to the land of Judah.
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:7
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:7
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:7
JFB -> Commentary on 1:7
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:7
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:7
TSK -> Entry for 1:7
WEN -> Notes on 1:7
NTB -> Readings, Select; Ruth
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:7


1:8 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
Then Naomi said to her two daughters-in-law, "Go back, each of you, to your mother's home. May the LORD show kindness to you, as you have shown to your dead and to me.
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:8
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:8
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:8
JFB -> Commentary on 1:8
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:8
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:8
TSK -> Entry for 1:8
WEN -> Notes on 1:8
NTB -> Benedictions; Parents; Readings, Select; Ruth
TTT -> Dead, The; Wives
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
BED -> Ruth, Theology of
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:8


1:9 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
May the LORD grant that each of you will find rest in the home of another husband." Then she kissed them and they wept aloud
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:9
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:9
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:9
JFB -> Commentary on 1:9
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:9
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:9
TSK -> Entry for 1:9
WEN -> Notes on 1:9
NTB -> Benedictions; Parents; Readings, Select; Ruth
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
EBD -> Kiss; Mourn
HBD -> Kiss; Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:9


1:10 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
and said to her, "We will go back with you to your people."
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:10
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:10
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:10
JFB -> Commentary on 1:10
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:10
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:10
TSK -> Entry for 1:10
WEN -> Notes on 1:10
NTB -> Readings, Select; Ruth
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:10


1:11 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
But Naomi said, "Return home, my daughters. Why would you come with me? Am I going to have any more sons, who could become your husbands?
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:11
BCC -> Commentary on 1:11
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:11
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:11
JFB -> Commentary on 1:11
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:11
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:11
TSK -> Entry for 1:11
WEN -> Notes on 1:11
NTB -> Daughter-In-Law; Readings, Select; Ruth
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:11


1:12 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
Return home, my daughters; I am too old to have another husband. Even if I thought there was still hope for me - even if I had a husband tonight and then gave birth to sons -
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:12
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:12
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:12
JFB -> Commentary on 1:12
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:12
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:12
TSK -> Entry for 1:12
WEN -> Notes on 1:12
NTB -> Daughter-In-Law; Readings, Select; Ruth
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:12


1:13 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
would you wait until they grew up? Would you remain unmarried for them? No, my daughters. It is more bitter for me than for you, because the LORD's hand has gone out against me!"
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:13
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:13
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:13
JFB -> Commentary on 1:13
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:13
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:13
TSK -> Entry for 1:13
WEN -> Notes on 1:13
NTB -> Daughter-In-Law; Readings, Select; Ruth
TCR -> Divine; God's; God; Hand, Divine
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
HBD -> Hand; Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:13


1:14 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
At this they wept again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law good-by, but Ruth clung to her.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:14
BCC -> Commentary on 1:14
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:14
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:14
JFB -> Commentary on 1:14
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:14
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:14
TSK -> Entry for 1:14
WEN -> Notes on 1:14
NTB -> Constancy; Daughter-In-Law; Kiss; Mother-In-Law; Orpah; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TCR -> Farewells; Mothers-in-law
ATS -> Mahlon; Orpah
EBD -> Kiss
HBD -> Gestures; Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:14
SPG -> Devotional using 1:14


1:15 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
"Look," said Naomi, "your sister-in-law is going back to her people and her gods. Go back with her."
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:15
BCC -> Commentary on 1:15
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:15
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:15
JFB -> Commentary on 1:15
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:15
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:15
TSK -> Entry for 1:15
WEN -> Notes on 1:15
NTB -> Children; Daughter-In-Law; Mother-In-Law; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TCR -> Call, Divine; Decision; Divine; God; Invitations, Divine; Invitations-Warnings; Moral Agents, Free
ATS -> Mahlon
HBD -> Mission; Orpah; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:15


1:16 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
But Ruth replied, "Don't urge me to leave you or to turn back from you. Where you go I will go, and where you stay I will stay. Your people will be my people and your God my God.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:16
BCC -> Commentary on 1:16
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:16
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:16
JFB -> Commentary on 1:16
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:16
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:16
TSK -> Entry for 1:16
WEN -> Notes on 1:16
NTB -> Children; Converts; Daughter-In-Law; Decision; Friendship; Mother-In-Law; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TCR -> Choice; Choosing Jehovah; Constancy; Friendship-Friendlessness; Friendship; God; Jehovah Chosen; Notable Women; Rose; Ruth; Social Duties; Wise; Women; Young People; Young Women, Godly; Youthful Piety
TTT -> Decision; Love to Man; Proselytes
ATS -> Mahlon
BED -> Israel
HBD -> Mission; Poetry; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:16



1:17 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
Where you die I will die, and there I will be buried. May the LORD deal with me, be it ever so severely, if anything but death separates you and me."
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:17
BCC -> Commentary on 1:17
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:17
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:17
JFB -> Commentary on 1:17
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:17
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:17
TSK -> Entry for 1:17
WEN -> Notes on 1:17
NTB -> Children; Daughter-In-Law; Friendship; Imprecation; Mother-In-Law; Oath; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TTT -> Love to Man; Oaths
ATS -> Mahlon; Oath
EBD -> Oath
HBD -> Mission; Poetry; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:17


1:18 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
When Naomi realized that Ruth was determined to go with her, she stopped urging her.
 
Study Resource List
BCC -> Commentary on 1:18
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:18
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:18
JFB -> Commentary on 1:18
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:18
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:18
TSK -> Entry for 1:18
WEN -> Notes on 1:18
NTB -> Children; Daughter-In-Law; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
ATS -> Mahlon
HBD -> Mission; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:18


1:19 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
So the two women went on until they came to Bethlehem. When they arrived in Bethlehem, the whole town was stirred because of them, and the women exclaimed, "Can this be Naomi?"
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:19
BCC -> Commentary on 1:19
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:19
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:19
JFB -> Commentary on 1:19
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:19
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:19
TSK -> Entry for 1:19
WEN -> Notes on 1:19
NTB -> Bethlehem; Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TCR -> Beth-lehem
ATS -> Mahlon
HBD -> Bethlehem; Mission; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Bethlehem
EDL -> Devotional using 1:19


1:20 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
"Don't call me Naomi, F2 " she told them. "Call me Mara, F3 because the Almighty F4 has made my life very bitter.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:20
BCC -> Commentary on 1:20
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:20
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:20
JFB -> Commentary on 1:20
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:20
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:20
TSK -> Entry for 1:20
WEN -> Notes on 1:20
NTB -> Afflictions And Adversities; Bereavement; Readings, Select; Women
TCR -> Afflictions; Blessings-Afflictions; Dead, The; Grief; Joy-Sorrow; Mourning; Trials
ATS -> Mahlon; Marah; Names
BED -> Call, Calling; Ruth, Theology of; Widow
EBD -> Bitter; Mara; Naomi
HBD -> Mara; Mission; Poetry; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Mara
EDL -> Devotional using 1:20


1:21 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
I went away full, but the LORD has brought me back empty. Why call me Naomi? The LORD has afflicted F5 me; the Almighty has brought misfortune upon me."
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:21
BCC -> Commentary on 1:21
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:21
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:21
JFB -> Commentary on 1:21
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:21
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:21
TSK -> Entry for 1:21
WEN -> Notes on 1:21
NTB -> Afflictions And Adversities; Bereavement; Readings, Select; Women
TCR -> Home
ATS -> Mahlon
BED -> Call, Calling; Evil; Widow
EBD -> Naomi
HBD -> Mara; Mission; Poetry; Ruth; Woman
EDL -> Devotional using 1:21


1:22 - In Context | Read Chapter | Discuss this Verse ]
Multi-Translation ]
So Naomi returned from Moab accompanied by Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter-in-law, arriving in Bethlehem as the barley harvest was beginning.
 
Study Resource List
ACC -> Commentary on 1:22
BCC -> Commentary on 1:22
GEB -> Study Notes on 1:22
GSB -> Study Notes on 1:22
JFB -> Commentary on 1:22
MHC-COM -> Commentary on 1:22
MHC-CON -> Commentary on 1:22
TSK -> Entry for 1:22
NTB -> Readings, Select; Ruth; Women
TCR -> Agriculture-Horticulture; Agriculture; Barley; Grain; Harvest
TTT -> Harvest, The
ATS -> Mahlon
EBD -> Barley
HBD -> Bethlehem; Mission; Moabitess; Ruth; Woman
SBD -> Barley
EDL -> Devotional using 1:22


FOOTNOTES:
F1 Traditionally judged
F2 Naomi means pleasant; also in verse 21.
F3 Mara means bitter.
F4 Hebrew Shaddai; also in verse 21
F5 Or has testified against

 
 

Abbreviations Legend:

ACC - Adam Clark Commentary; BCC - Burton Coffman; GEB - Gill's Exposition; GSB - Geneva Study Bible; JFB - Jamieson, Fausset, Brown; MHC-COM - Matthew Henry Complete; MHC-CON - Matthew Henry Concise; SRN - Scofield Reference Notes; TSK - Treasury of Scripture Knowledge; WEN - Wesley's Explanatory Notes; NTB - Nave's Topical Bible; TCR - Thompson Chain Reference; TSK - Treasury of Scripture Knowledge; TTT - Torrey's Topical Textbook; ATS - ATS Bible Dictionary; BED - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary; EBD - Easton's Bible Dictionary; HBD - Holman Bible Dictionary; SBD - Smith's Bible Dictionary; SPG - Spurgeon's Morning & Evening; EDL - Every Day Light; TV - ;

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