|HIRAM OR HURAM |
1. A king of Tyre, who sent to congratulate David on his accession to the throne, and aided him in building his palace, 2 Samuel 5:11 1 Chronicles 14:1. He seems to have been the Abibal of secular history.
2. A king of Tyre, probably a son of the former, 2 Chronicles 2:13, and like him a friend of David. He congratulated Solomon at the commencement of his reign, and furnished essential aid in building the temple. He provided timber and stones, together with gold to an immense amount, and received in return large supplies of corn, wine, and oil, with twenty cities in Galilee, 1 Kings 5:1-18 2 Chronicles 2:1-18. Josephus relates that he and Solomon were wont to exchange enigmas with each other; that he greatly improved his city and realm, and died after a prosperous reign of thirty-four years, at the age of fifty-two.
3. A skillful artificer of Tyre, whose mother was a Jewess. The interior decorations and utensils of Solomonís temple were made under his direction, 1 Kings 7:13,14 2 Chronicles 2:13,14.