1. Son of Berechiah, and grandson of Iddo the priest; called the son of Iddo in Ezra 5:1 6:14, and his successor in the priesthood, Nehemiah 12:4,16, perhaps because Berechiah was then dead. Zechariah is the eleventh of the minor prophets. He returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel, and began to prophesy while yet young, Zechariah 2:4, in the second year of Darius son of Hystaspes, B. C. 520, in the eighth month of the holy year, and two months after Haggai. These two prophets, with united zeal, encouraged the people to resume the work of the temple, which had been discontinued for some years, Ezra 5:1.
Zechariah’s prophecies concerning the Messiah are more particular and express than those of most other prophets, and many of them, like those of Daniel, are couched in symbols. The book opens with a brief introduction; after which six chapters contain a series of visions, setting forth the fitness of that time for the promised restoration of Israel, the destruction of the enemies of God’s people, the conversion of heathen nations, the advent of Messiah the Branch, the outpouring and blessed influences of the Holy Spirit, and the importance and safety of faithfully adhering to the service of their covenant God. Zechariah 7:1-14 relates to commemorative observances. Zechariah 9:1-11:17 predict the prosperity of Judah during the times of the Maccabees, together with the fate of Persia and other adjacent kingdoms. The remaining three chapters describe the future destiny of the Jews, the siege of Jerusalem, the triumphs of Messiah, and the glories of the latter day when "Holiness to the Lord" shall be inscribed on all things.
2. A wise and faithful prophetic counselor of king Uzziah, whose death was the beginning of calamities to Judah, 2 Chronicles 26:5,16, perhaps the same who was the father-in-law of Ahaz, 2 Chronicles 28:27 29:1
3. A son of Jeberechiah, associated with Urijah the high-priest by Isaiah as a "faithful witness," Isaiah 8:1 2 Chronicles 29:13.
4. A son of Jehoiada. See ZACHARIAS 1.