Were clean according to the Mosaic ritual, and were offered in sacrifice, especially by the poor, Genesis 15:9 Leviticus 5:7 12:6-8 Luke 2:24. Several kinds of doves or pigeons frequented the Holy Land; and the immense flocks of them sometimes witnessed illustrate a passage in Isaiah 60:8. They are symbols of simplicity, innocence, and fidelity, Hosea 7:11 Matthew 10:16. The dove was the chosen harbinger of God’s returning favor after the flood, Genesis 8:1-22, and was honored as an emblem of the Holy Spirit, Matthew 3:16. See TURTLEDOVE.
These dictionary topics are from American Tract Society Bible Dictionary published in 1859. Public Domain, copy freely.
Rand, W. W. "Entry for 'DOVES'". "American Tract Society Bible Dictionary".