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Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

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GentlenessGifts of the Holy Spirit
Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
Tongues (the gift)
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Liberty, a gift or chastisement
Value of pay, small
• Torrey's Topical Textbook
Gift of the Holy Spirit, The
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
Apostleship, Gift of
Evangelist, Evangelism, Gift of
Healing, Gift of
Helps, Gift of
Teaching, Gift of
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Tongues, Gift of
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Tongues, Gift of
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
How the prophetic gift was received
Tongues, Gift of
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Gift of Tongues
Miracles, Gift of
Prophecy, Gift of
Tongues, Gift of
Greek - generous gift
Greek - gift, votive gifts
Greek - gift, gifts
Greek - gift
Greek - gift
Greek - gift, gifts
Greek - gift
Greek - bountiful gift
Greek - gift, gifts
Greek - free gift, gift, gifts, spiritual gift
Greek - gift
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift
Hebrew - gift
Hebrew - gifts, gift
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift
Hebrew - gifts, gift
Hebrew - gift, gifts
Hebrew - gift of homage, gifts

In Old Testament times a gift was customarily given for the price of a bride (Gen 34:12). The gifts of all the wave offerings of the Israelites were given by God to the priests and their families (Num 18:11). Fathers gave gifts to sons before sending them away (Gen 25:6); sons would receive inheritances from their fathers (2 Ch 21:3). Gifts were often given to the poor. Gifts were sometimes spiritual in orientation: gifts would be given to God (Exod 28:38) or for service by the Levites and priests (Num 18:6,9).

Gifts can be used to gain friends (Prov 19:6) or influence (Prov 18:16). God gives gifts to people so that they can enjoy life (Eccl 3:13). Some people boast of gifts, and then never give them (Prov 25:14).

In the New Testament a gift was given by the priest as an offering to God (Heb 5:1). The magi presented gifts to the infant Jesus (Matt 2:11). God gave the gift of redemption to humankind (Eph 2:8).

God's righteousness is a gift (Rom 5:17); God has provided for us an "indescribable" gift (2 Cor 9:15). Paul talks about the gifts of the Spirit (1 Cor. 12). Those who have tasted the heavenly gift have been enlightened (Heb 6:4). Paul is a servant of the gospel by the gift of God's grace (Eph 3:7).

In general, in Scripture the word "gift" has three senses: gifts men give to men; sacrificial offerings presented to God; and gifts God gives to men, especially in connection with salvation, righteousness, and his grace.

Louis Goldberg

See also Offerings and Sacrifices.

Bibliography. F. F. Bruce, ISBE, 2:395-96; F. Buchsel, TDNT, 2:860-66; D. G. Burke, ISBE, 2:465-67; W. Kaiser, TWOT, 2:600-602; G. Thompson and W. A. Elwell, EDT, pp. 1042-46; W. White, Jr., ZPEB, 2:721.


Copyright Statement
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Edited by Walter A. Elwell Copyright 1996 by Walter A. Elwell. Published by Baker Books, a division of Baker Book House Company, PO Box 6287, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49516-6287. All rights reserved. Used by permission.

Bibliography Information
Elwell, Walter A. "Entry for 'Gift'". "Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology".
<>. 1897.


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