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Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

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Greek - anoint, anointed, anointing
Greek - anoint
Greek - anoint, anointed
Greek - anoint, anointed
Greek - anoint, anointed
Hebrew - anoint, anointed
Hebrew - anoint, anointed
Hebrew - anoint, anointed, anointing
Anoint

To smear or rub with oil or perfume for either private or religious purposes. The Hebrew term for "anoint, " masah [מָשַׁח], has secular connotations, such as rubbing a shield with oil (Isa 21:5), smearing paint on a house (Jer 22:14), or anointing the body with oil (Am 6:6). The theological meaning of masah [מָשַׁח] is fourfold. First, an individual or object set apart for divine use is said to be "anointed." Solomon was anointed ruler over Israel (1 Ch 29:22); this anointing made him both responsible for and accountable to the people. Anointed kings sometimes failed in their tasks, and were reminded of their accountability (1 Sam 15:17; 2 Sam 12:7). Second, when people were anointed, God empowered them to accomplish his tasks (1 Sam 10:6; 16:13). Third, no one was allowed to harm God's anointed (1 Sam 24:10; 26:9). Finally, the term mashiyach [מָשִׁיחַ] derived from masah [מָשַׁח], refers to Israel's Messiah who was to come from the house of David (Psalm 84:9; 89:38, 51). In the New Testament, Christ is portrayed as the Messiah. Jesus is the promised deliverer (John 1:41; 4:25), anointed with the Holy Spirit and with power (Ac 10:38).

Louis Goldberg

See also Jesus Christ, Name and Titles of; Messiah

Bibliography. H. L. Ellison, The Centrality of the Messianic Idea for the Old Testament; V. P. Hamilton, TWOT, 1:1255-56; J. B. Payne, Theology of the Older Testament.

 


Copyright Statement
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Edited by Walter A. Elwell Copyright 1996 by Walter A. Elwell. Published by Baker Books, a division of Baker Book House Company, PO Box 6287, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49516-6287. All rights reserved. Used by permission.

Bibliography Information
Elwell, Walter A. "Entry for 'Anoint'". "Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology".
<http://classic.studylight.org/dic/bed/view.cgi?number=T36>. 1897.

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