Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Tuesday, October 22, 2019

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Learn Greek, Aramaic, Biblical or Modern Hebrew online

• Join a different kind of "Christian Book Club!" Click to find out how!

• Try SwordSearcher Bible Software Today

• Hunting for choral music have you frustrated?

 
  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

Start Your Search
 
 
Choose a letter from below
to display alphabetical list:

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M
N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z
 
    Printer friendly version
 
PreviousNext
ParacletePardon
 
Additional Resources
 
Concordances
• Nave's Topical Bible
Paradise
Dictionaries
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Paradise
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Paradise
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Paradise
Encyclopedias
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Paradise
Lexicons
Greek - paradise, Paradise
Paradise -

Persian loanword for "an area enclosed by a wall" or "garden." Its three uses in the Hebrew Bible (Neh 2:8; Eccl 2:5; Sol 4:13) retain this meaning. The Septuagint uses the Greek paradeisos [παράδεισος] for the garden of Eden in Genesis (called the "garden of God" in Isa 51:3; and Ezek 28:13).

The intertestamental literature completes the transition of the word to a religious term. Human history will culminate in a divine paradise. Since Israel had no immediate access to the garden at history's origin or conclusion, paradise, sometimes called Abraham's Bosom, was associated with the realm of the righteous dead awaiting the resurrection of the body.

The New Testament understands paradise in terms of its Jewish heritage. In Luke 23:43 Jesus promises the penitent thief: "Today you will be with me in paradise." The intermediate state was transformed by Jesus' emphasis on being with him "today." No longer is paradise just an anticipatory condition awaiting the messianic presence at the end of the age. Those who die in faith will "be with Christ" (Php 1:23). The dead in Christ will not experience life diminished, but life enhanced, as Jesus' words to Martha in John 11:23-26 imply.

According to Revelation 2:7, the overcoming church will eat from the tree of life in the eschatological garden. Sin and death through redemption are now cast out of human experience. The way is open for the faithful to return to the garden of God. Paradise is the Christian's final home.

Paul's glimpse of paradise (2 Cor 12:4) likely refers to the intermediate state. If so, it is one source of Paul's confidence that Christ is present among the righteous dead, even though he does not relish the unnatural state of death (2 Cor 5:1-10). Yet it is quite possible that the dead in Christ more clearly see the paradise at history's conclusion than do earth-bound believers. Thus, Paul tells the Thessalonians that it is a matter of small consequence if one dies in the Lord or is still alive at the second coming (1 Thess 4:13-18). Christ's presence pervades both the intermediate state and the final kingdom.

Luke L. Keefer, Jr.

See also Abraham's Bosom; Intermediate State

Bibliography. V. R. Gordon, ISBE, 3:660-61; J. Jeremias, TDNT, 5:765-73.

 


Copyright Statement
Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology. Edited by Walter A. Elwell Copyright 1996 by Walter A. Elwell. Published by Baker Books, a division of Baker Book House Company, PO Box 6287, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49516-6287. All rights reserved. Used by permission.

Bibliography Information
Elwell, Walter A. "Entry for 'Paradise'". "Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology".
<http://classic.studylight.org/dic/bed/view.cgi?number=T535>. 1897.

  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2019, StudyLight.org