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Easton's Bible Dictionary

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HeathenHeave offering
 
Additional Resources
 
Concordances
• Nave's Topical Bible
Heaven
Kingdom of heaven
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Bread
Corn; & Glean
Food; fruit etc
Manna, details: & Food from heaven
Queen of heaven
• Torrey's Topical Textbook
Heaven
Dictionaries
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
Heaven, Heavens, Heavenlies
Heaven, New
Man from Heaven
Queen of Heaven
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Host of heaven
Queen of heaven
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Heaven
Kingdom of Heaven
Queen of Heaven
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Heaven
Queen of heaven
Encyclopedias
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Body of Heaven
Heaven
Heaven, Host of
Heaven, Ordinances of
Heaven, Windows of
Host of Heaven
Kingdom of God (of Heaven), the
Ordinances of Heaven
Queen of Heaven
Windows of Heaven
Lexicons
Greek - which fell down from heaven
Greek - heavenly, in heaven, heaven, heavenly one, heavenly things
Greek - midst of heaven, midheaven
Greek - heavenly, heaven
Greek - from heaven, heaven
Greek - heaven, heavenly, heavens
Hebrew - expanse of heaven
Hebrew - heaven, Heaven, heavens
Hebrew - heaven, heavens
Hebrew - heaven, heaven and the highest, heaven and the highest heavens, heaven of heavens, heavenly, heavens, heavens and the highest, highest heaven, highest heavens
Hebrew - heaven
Hebrew - heaven
Hebrew - heaven
Heaven -

  • Definitions. The phrase "heaven and earth" is used to indicate the whole universe (Genesis 1:1; Jeremiah 23:24; Acts 17:24). According to the Jewish notion there were three heavens,

    (A) The firmament, as "fowls of the heaven" (Genesis 2:19; 7:3,23; Psalms 8:8, etc.), "the eagles of heaven" (Lamentations 4:19), etc.

    (B) The starry heavens (Deuteronomy 17:3; Jeremiah 8:2; Matthew 24:29).

    (C) "The heaven of heavens," or "the third heaven" (Deuteronomy 10:14; 1 Kings 8:27; Psalms 115:16; 148:4; 2co 12:2).

  • Meaning of words in the original,

    (A) The usual Hebrew word for "heavens" is Shamayim , A plural form meaning "heights," "elevations" (Genesis 1:1; 2:1).

    (B) The Hebrew word Marom Is also used (Psalms 68:18; 93:4; 102:19, etc.) as equivalent to Shamayim , "high places," "heights."

    (C) Heb. galgal, literally a "wheel," is rendered "heaven" in Psalms 77:18 (RSV, "whirlwind").

    (D) Heb. shahak, rendered "sky" (Deuteronomy 33:26; Job 37:18; Psalms 18:11), plural "clouds" (Job 35:5; 36:28; Psalms 68:34, marg. "heavens"), means probably the firmament.

    (E) Heb. rakia is closely connected with (d), and is rendered "firmamentum" in the Vulgate, whence our "firmament" (Genesis 1:6; Deuteronomy 33:26, etc.), regarded as a solid expanse.

  • Metaphorical meaning of term. Isaiah 14:13,14; "doors of heaven" (Psalms 78:23); heaven "shut" (1 Kings 8:35); "opened" (Ezekiel 1:1). (See 1 Chronicles 21:16.)

  • Spiritual meaning. The place of the everlasting blessedness of the righteous; the abode of departed spirits.

    (A) Christ calls it his "Father's house" (John 14:2).

    (B) It is called "paradise" (Luke 23:43; 2co 12:4; Revelation 2:7).

    (C) "The heavenly Jerusalem" (Galatians 4:: 26; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 3:12).

    (D) The "kingdom of heaven" (Matthew 25:1; James 2:5).

    (E) The "eternal kingdom" (2 Peter 1:11).

    (F) The "eternal inheritance" (1 Peter 1:4; Hebrews 9:15).

    (G) The "better country" (Hebrews 11:14,16).

    (H) The blessed are said to "sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob," and to be "in Abraham's bosom" (Luke 16:22; Matthew 8:11); to "reign with Christ" (2 Timothy 2:12); and to enjoy "rest" (Hebrews 4:10,11).

    In heaven the blessedness of the righteous consists in the possession of "life everlasting," "an eternal weight of glory" (2 Corinthians 4:17), an exemption from all sufferings for ever, a deliverance from all evils (2 Corinthians 5:1,2) and from the society of the wicked (2 Timothy 4:18), bliss without termination, the "fulness of joy" for ever (Luke 20:36; 2co 4:16,18; 1 Peter 1:4; 5:10; 1 John 3:2). The believer's heaven is not only a state of everlasting blessedness, but also a "place", a place "prepared" for them (John 14:2).


  • Copyright Statement
    These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    Bibliography Information
    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Heaven'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
    <http://classic.studylight.org/dic/ebd/view.cgi?number=T1704>. 1897.


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