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Easton's Bible Dictionary

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JehoshebaJehovah-jireh
 
Additional Resources
 
Concordances
• Nave's Topical Bible
Jehovah-jireh
Jehovah-nissi
Jehovah-shalom
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jehovah
Dictionaries
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
Jehovah
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jehovah-jireh
Jehovah-nissi
Jehovah-shalom
Jehovah-shammah
Jehovah-tsidkenu
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Jehovah
Jehovah Jireh
Jehovah Nissi
Jehovah Shalom
• Hitchcock's Bible Names
Jehovah
Jehovah-jireh
Jehovah-nissi
Jehovah-shalom
Jehovah-shammah
Jehovah-tsidkenu
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Jehovah
Encyclopedias
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Jehovah
Jehovah, Servant of
Jehovah-Jireh
Jehovah-Nissi
Jehovah-Shalom
Jehovah-Shammah
Jehovah-Tsidkenu (tsidkenu)
Servant of Jehovah, Servant of the Lord, Servant of Yahweh
Lexicons
Hebrew - JEHOVAH
Jehovah

The special and significant name (not merely an appellative title such as Lord [adonai]) by which God revealed himself to the ancient Hebrews (Exodus 6:2,3). This name, the Tetragrammaton of the Greeks, was held by the later Jews to be so sacred that it was never pronounced except by the high priest on the great Day of Atonement, when he entered into the most holy place. Whenever this name occurred in the sacred books they pronounced it, as they still do, "Adonai" (i.e., Lord), thus using another word in its stead. The Massorets gave to it the vowel-points appropriate to this word. This Jewish practice was founded on a false interpretation of Leviticus 24:16. The meaning of the word appears from Exodus 3:14 to be "the unchanging, eternal, self-existent God," the "I am that I am," a convenant-keeping God. (Compare Malachi 3:6; Hosea 12:5; Revelation 1:4,8.)

The Hebrew name "Jehovah" is generally translated in the Authorized Version (and the Revised Version has not departed from this rule) by the word LORD printed in small capitals, to distinguish it from the rendering of the Hebrew Adonai And the Greek Kurios , Which are also rendered Lord, but printed in the usual type. The Hebrew word is translated "Jehovah" only in Exodus 6:3; Psalms 83:18; Isaiah 12:2; 26:4, and in the compound names mentioned below.

It is worthy of notice that this name is never used in the LXX., the Samaritan Pentateuch, the Apocrypha, or in the New Testament. It is found, however, on the "Moabite stone" (q.v.), and consequently it must have been in the days of Mesba so commonly pronounced by the Hebrews as to be familiar to their heathen neighbours.


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Jehovah'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
<http://classic.studylight.org/dic/ebd/view.cgi?number=T2017>. 1897.

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