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Easton's Bible Dictionary

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Pools of SolomonPoplar
Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Poor, servants, looked after: & Slaves
Slaves & rights: & Jews sold, Jubilee Poor
• Torrey's Topical Textbook
Poor, The
• Baker's Evangelical Dictionary
Poor and Poverty, Theology of
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Greek - poor
Greek - poor
Greek - become poor
Greek - poor, poor man
Hebrew - poor, become poor, makes poor
Hebrew - poor, poor man, am a poor, pretends to be poor
Hebrew - poor
Hebrew - poor, poor man
Hebrew - poor, poor man
Hebrew - poor, poorest sort, poorest
Hebrew - poor
Hebrew - poorer, wax poor, becomes poor
Hebrew - poor, poor man, poorest
Hebrew - poor
Hebrew - poor
Hebrew - poor
Hebrew - poor
Hebrew - poor, needy and poor, poor man

The Mosaic legislation regarding the poor is specially important.

  • They had the right of gleaning the fields (Leviticus 19:9,10; Deuteronomy 24:19,21).

  • In the sabbatical year they were to have their share of the produce of the fields and the vineyards (Exodus 23:11; Leviticus 25:6).

  • In the year of jubilee they recovered their property (Leviticus 25:25-30).

  • Usury was forbidden, and the pledged raiment was to be returned before the sun went down (Exodus 22:25-27; Deuteronomy 24:10-13). The rich were to be generous to the poor (Deuteronomy 15:7-11).

  • In the sabbatical and jubilee years the bond-servant was to go free (Deuteronomy 15:12-15; Leviticus 25:39-42,47-54).

  • Certain portions from the tithes were assigned to the poor (Deuteronomy 14:28,29; 26:12,13).

  • They shared in the feasts (Deuteronomy 16:11,14; Nehemiah 8:10).

  • Wages were to be paid at the close of each day (Leviticus 19:13).

    In the New Testament (Luke 3:11; 14:13; Acts 6:1; Galatians 2:10; James 2:15,16) we have similar injunctions given with reference to the poor. Begging was not common under the Old Testament, while it was so in the New Testament times (Luke 16:20,21, etc.). But begging in the case of those who are able to work is forbidden, and all such are enjoined to "work with their own hands" as a Christian duty (1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2th 3:7-13; Ephesians 4:28). This word is used figuratively in Matthew 5:3; Luke 6:20; 2co 8:9; Revelation 3:17.

  • Copyright Statement
    These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    Bibliography Information
    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Poor'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
    <>. 1897.

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