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Easton's Bible Dictionary

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SalomeSalt Sea
 
Additional Resources
 
Concordances
• Nave's Topical Bible
Salt
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Dead or Salt Sea?
Salt
Valley
• Torrey's Topical Textbook
Salt
Dictionaries
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Salt Sea
Salt, The city of
Salt, Valley of
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Covenant of Salt, A
Salt
Salt, City of
Salt, Valley of
Sea, The Salt
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Salt
Salt Sea, or Dead Sea
Salt, City of
Salt, Valley of
Sea, The Salt
Encyclopedias
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
City of Salt
Covenant of Salt
Pillar of Salt
Salt
Salt Sea
Salt, City of
Salt, Covenant of
Salt, Pillar of
Salt, Valley of
Salt-Wort
Sea, Salt
Lexicons
Greek - to salt, made salty, salted
Greek - salt
Greek - salt
Greek - salt
Hebrew - salt, salt land, salt waste
Hebrew - salted, rubbed with salt
Hebrew - salt
Hebrew - salt, saltpits
Hebrew - city of Salt, City of Salt
Salt -

Used to season food (Job 6:6), and mixed with the fodder of cattle (Isaiah 30:24, "clean;" in marg. of RSV "salted"). All meat-offerings were seasoned with salt (Leviticus 2:13). To eat salt with one is to partake of his hospitality, to derive subsistence from him; and hence he who did so was bound to look after his host's interests (Ezra 4:14, "We have maintenance from the king's palace;" A.V. marg., "We are salted with the salt of the palace;" RSV, "We eat the salt of the palace").

A "covenant of salt" (Numbers 18:19; 2Chr 13:5) was a covenant of perpetual obligation. New-born children were rubbed with salt (Ezekiel 16:4). Disciples are likened unto salt, with reference to its cleansing and preserving uses (Matthew 5:13). When Abimelech took the city of Shechem, he sowed the place with salt, that it might always remain a barren soil (Judges 9:45). Sir Lyon Playfair argues, on scientific grounds, that under the generic name of "salt," in certain passages, we are to understand petroleum or its residue asphalt. Thus in Genesis 19:26 he would read "pillar of asphalt;" and in Matthew 5:13, instead of "salt," "petroleum," which loses its essence by exposure, as salt does not, and becomes asphalt, with which pavements were made.

The Jebel Usdum, to the south of the Dead Sea, is a mountain of rock salt about 7 miles long and from 2 to 3 miles wide and some hundreds of feet high.


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'Salt'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
<http://classic.studylight.org/dic/ebd/view.cgi?number=T3196>. 1897.

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