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Easton's Bible Dictionary

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CitizenshipClauda
 
Additional Resources
 
Concordances
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
City; gates (Cities etc listed separately)
Gates
Houses; bed: & Courts, Skins
Dictionaries
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Adam, the city of
David, City of
Destruction, City of
Palm trees, The city of
Salt, The city of
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
City
Salt, City of
• Hitchcock's Bible Names
Shiloh (name of a city)
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
David, City of
Salt, City of
Encyclopedias
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Adam, City of
Arba, City of
City
City of Confusion
City of David
City of Destruction
City of Palm Trees
City of Salt
City of Waters
City, Golden
City, Royal
City, Rulers of
David, City of
Enoch (city)
Golden City
Royal City
Rulers of the City
Salt, City of
Samaria, City of
Lexicons
Greek - city
Greek - city
Greek - chiefest city
Greek - city
Greek - ruler of the city, city authorities
Hebrew - city of Arba
Hebrew - city
Hebrew - golden city
Hebrew - chief city
Hebrew - city
Hebrew - city
Hebrew - city
Hebrew - fortified city
Hebrew - city, city and its towns, each and city, each city, every city
Hebrew - city
Hebrew - city
Hebrew - city of Salt, City of Salt
Hebrew - city
City -

The earliest mention of city-building is that of Enoch, which was built by Cain (Genesis 4:17). After the confusion of tongues, the descendants of Nimrod founded several cities (10:10-12). Next, we have a record of the cities of the Canaanites, Sidon, Gaza, Sodom, etc. (10:12,19; 11:3,9; 36:31-39). The earliest description of a city is that of Sodom (19:1-22). Damascus is said to be the oldest existing city in the world. Before the time of Abraham there were cities in Egypt (Numbers 13:22). The Israelites in Egypt were employed in building the "treasure cities" of Pithom and Raamses (Exodus 1:11); but it does not seem that they had any cities of their own in Goshen (Genesis 46:34; 47:1-11). In the kingdom of Og in Bashan there were sixty "great cities with walls," and twenty-three cities in Gilead partly rebuilt by the tribes on the east of Jordan (Numbers 21:21,32,33,35; 32:1-3,34-42; Deuteronomy 3:4,5,14; 1 Kings 4:13). On the west of Jordan were thirty-one "royal cities" (Joshua 12), besides many others spoken of in the history of Israel.

A fenced city was a city surrounded by fortifications and high walls, with watch-towers upon them (2 Chronicles 11:11; Deuteronomy 3:5). There was also within the city generally a tower to which the citizens might flee when danger threatened them (Judges 9:46-52).

A city with suburbs was a city surrounded with open pasture-grounds, such as the forty-eight cities which were given to the Levites (Numbers 35:2-7). There were six cities of refuge, three on each side of Jordan, namely, Kadesh, Shechem, Hebron, on the west of Jordan; and on the east, Bezer, Ramoth-gilead, and Golan. The cities on each side of the river were nearly opposite each other. The regulations concerning these cities are given in Numbers 35:9-34; Deuteronomy 19:1-13; Exodus 21:12-14.

When David reduced the fortress of the Jebusites which stood on Mount Zion, he built on the site of it a palace and a city, which he called by his own name (1 Chronicles 11:5), the city of David. Bethlehem is also so called as being David's native town (Luke 2:4).

Jerusalem is called the Holy City, the holiness of the temple being regarded as extending in some measure over the whole city (Nehemiah 11:1).

Pithom and Raamses, built by the Israelites as "treasure cities," were not places where royal treasures were kept, but were fortified towns where merchants might store their goods and transact their business in safety, or cities in which munitions of war were stored. (See PITHOM .)


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition, published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

Bibliography Information
Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for 'City'". "Easton's Bible Dictionary".
<http://classic.studylight.org/dic/ebd/view.cgi?number=T838>. 1897.

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