|Hazor - |
1. In Naphtali, on a height overlooking Lake Merom (Joshua 11:1; Joshua 11:10, "head of all those kingdoms," i.e. the chief city of northern Palestine; Joshua 12:19; Joshua 19:36; Judges 4:2; Judges 4:17; 1 Samuel 12:9). Burnt by Joshua in order not to leave such a strong place in his rear; rebuilt and made the second Jabin's seat whence he oppressed Israel. Fortified by Solomon as a point of defense at the entering into Palestine from Syria and Assyria; its fortification was one among the works which necessitated. a "levy" of taxes (1 Kings 9:15). Its inhabitants were carried to Assyria by Tiglath Pileser (2 Kings 15:29). Now Tell Khuraibeh, "the ruins," according to Robinson; but there are no old ruins there and no cisterns. Rather Tel Hara, where is an ancient fortress, and walls, ruins, and pottery (Our Work in Palestine, Palestine Exploration Fund).
2. A city in the extreme S. of Judah (Joshua 15:23).
3. HAZOR-HADATTAH, "the new Hazor" as distinguished from the former; also in southern Judah (Joshua 15:25).
4. A city N. of Jerusalem, where the Benjamites resided after the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 11:33).