SHISHAK (sshi' sshak) Egyptian royal name of unknown meaning. A pharaoh of Egypt known also as Sheshonk I. He ruled about 945-924 B.C. and founded the Twenty-Second Dynasty. Just after Rehoboam began to reign in Judah, Shishak invaded Jerusalem and carted off the Temple treasures (1 Kings 14:25-26). According to inscriptions on the walls of a temple to the god Amon in Karnak, Shishak captured over 150 towns in Palestine including Megiddo, Taanash, and Gibeon. Some equate him with the pharaoh whose daughter married Solomon (1 Kings 3:1) and who later burned Gezer and gave it to his daughter (1 Kings 9:16). See Egypt.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.