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Holman Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Chief fathers placement
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Chief of the three
Chief priest
Musician, Chief
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Chief Friends, Good Men
Chief Musician
Chief Seats
Friends, Chief Friends
Good, Chief
Musician, Chief
Seats, Chief
Greek - chief corner
Greek - chief, chief ruler
Greek - chief of the priest, chief priest, chief priests
Greek - chief shepherd, Chief Shepherd
Greek - chief ruler of the synagogue
Greek - chief among the publicans, chief tax collector
Greek - chief
Greek - chief
Greek - chief seat, chief seats
Greek - chief room
Greek - chief
Greek - chief magistrates
Greek - chief captain
Greek - chief of Asia
Hebrew - chief
Hebrew - chief, chief men, chiefs
Hebrew - chief, chiefs
Hebrew - chief ruler, chief ministers
Hebrew - chief, chiefs
Hebrew - chief, chiefs
Hebrew - chief
Hebrew - chief, chief officers
Hebrew - chief
Hebrew - chief ones
Hebrew - chief, chief officer
Hebrew - chief city
Hebrew - chief, chiefs
Hebrew - chief men
Hebrew - chief, chief and commanders, chiefs
Hebrew - chief
Hebrew - chiefest, chief
Hebrew - chief
Hebrew - chief, chiefs
Hebrew - chief singer

The English translation of at least thirteen different Hebrew words designating a leader in political, military, religious, or economic affairs. Abir means the powerful one and is used of the chief of Saul's shepherds (1 Samuel 21:7). Ayil is one who holds official power (Exodus 15:15; 2 Kings 24:15; Ezekiel 17:13; Ezekiel 32:21). Aluph is the leader of a clan or tribe (Genesis 36:15-43; Zechariah 12:5-6). Gibbor is the manly one or hero (1 Chronicles 9:26). Gadol is the great one or the big one (Leviticus 21:10). Baal is the lord or master (Leviticus 21:4). Kohen is literally a priest and then a leader (2 Samuel 8:18). Nagid is a leader (1 Chronicles 23:22; 2 Chronicles 11:11; Isaiah 55:4; Jeremiah 20:1; Ezekiel 28:2). Nitstsab is the one in charge, the overseer or foreman (1 Kings 9:23). Menatstseach is the eminent one or supervisor and is used in the titles of many Psalms (Psalms 4:1), apparently referring to the choir director. Nasi' is a sheikh or tribal chief (Numbers 25:18; Joshua 22:14). Pinnah is the corner or cornerstone (Judges 20:2; 1 Samuel 14:38; Zechariah 10:4). Attud is a ram or he-goat and is used metaphorically for a chief or leader (Isaiah 14:9; Zechariah 10:3). Qatsin is the last one, the one who has to decide and thus the leader (Joshua 10:24; Judges 11:6; Proverbs 6:7; Isaiah 1:10; Micah 3:1). Ro'sh is the head (Numbers 25:4; 2 Samuel 23:8; 2 Samuel 25:18; Job 29:25 and often in Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah). Ri'shon is number one, the first (Daniel 10:13). Re'shith is the first or beginning one (Daniel 11:41). Sar is one with dominion or rule, thus an official or ruler (Genesis 40:2; 1 Samuel 17:18; 1 Kings 4:2; 1 Kings 5:16; 1 Chronicles 24:5; Daniel 10:20). Rab means numerous or great and is used in several compound words to represent the chief or greatest one (2 Kings 18:17; Jeremiah 39:13; Daniel 5:11).

In the New Testament the Greek word arche means beginning or chief and is used in several compound words to represent the chief priest or ruler (Matthew 2:4; Matthew 16:21; Luke 11:15; Luke 19:2; John 12:42; Acts 18:8; Acts 19:31; 1 Peter 5:4). Hegeomai means to lead to command with official authority (Luke 22:26; Acts 14:12). Protos means first or foremost (Matthew 20:27; Luke 19:47; Acts 13:50; Acts 16:12; Acts 25:2; Acts 28:7). Chiliarchos is the commander of a military unit supposed to have 1,000 members (Acts 21:31; Acts 25:23; Revelation 6:15).

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'CHIEF'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".
<>. 1991.


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