(adoh ni' jah) Personal name meaning, “Yah is Lord.” 1. The fourth son of David. His mother's name was Haggith (2 Samuel 3:4). In David's old age, Adonijah maneuvered to succeed his father on the throne of Israel, but his effort failed (1 Kings 1:5-50). After Solomon's accession to the throne, Adonijah gave renewed expression to his regal aspirations by asking for Abishag, David's nurse, as a wife. Solomon's response to this request was to have Adonijah put to death. (1 Kings 2:13-28). See David. Adonijah sought to establish hereditary kingship for Israel in which the eldest son automatically became king. Nathan, the prophet, worked with David and Bathsheba to establish a kingship in which the wishes of the dying monarch and the election by God determined the new king. 2. A Levite Jehoshaphat sent to teach the people of Judah the book of the law (2 Chronicles 8:1). 3. A leader of the Jews after the Exile who signed Nehemiah's covenant to obey God's law (Nehemiah 10:16).
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'ADONIJAH'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".