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Holman Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
• Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia
Guard at Eden's Entrance
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Praetorian Guard
Greek - captain of the guard
Greek - under guard
Greek - guard
Greek - guard
Greek - guard, guarding
Greek - guard, guarded, guarding, guards, kept under guard
Greek - guard
Greek - guard
Greek - praetorian guard
Greek - guard
Greek - guard, guards, keeping guard over
Hebrew - guard, guardhouse
Hebrew - rear guard
Hebrew - guard
Hebrew - guard, guarding, guards
Hebrew - bodyguard, guard, guarded, guards, guardsmen
Hebrew - guard
Hebrew - guard
Hebrew - guard
Hebrew - safeguard, guard, guard post, guards
Hebrew - guard
Hebrew - guard, guards, guards'
Hebrew - rear guard
Hebrew - guard, bodyguard
Hebrew - guard, bodyguard

An individual or body of troops assigned to protect a person or thing. Guard translates numerous Hebrew and Greek terms. Tabbach (literally butcher or slaughterer) is a Hebrew term used only for officers of foreign kings (of Pharaoh, Genesis 37:36; Genesis 39:1; of Nebuchadnezzar, 2 Kings 25:8-20; Jeremiah 39:9-13). Two of the terms for guards are derived from the root shamar (to hedge about, guard, protect). The KJV often translated these terms by “watch” (Nehemiah 4:9; Nehemiah 7:3). The most common designation for the guards of the kings of Israel and Judah was “runners” (1 Samuel 22:17; 1 Kings 1:5; 1 Kings 14:27-28) from the use of such guards to escort the king's chariot. Modern translation frequently use the expression “court of the guard” where the KJV used “court of the prison” (Nehemiah 3:25; Jeremiah 32:2). Two terms for guard are used only one time. The first refers to the large guard gathered to defend the boy king Joash (2 Chronicles 23:10). The second refers to God as the guard of His people (Zechariah 9:8).

Three Greek nouns are translated as guard. Hyperetes is used for those guarding the high priest's quarters (Matthew 26:58; Mark 14:54). Koustodia (Matthew 27:66; Matthew 28:11) is a Latin loan word, suggesting that this guard was indeed a Roman guard. Philake is used for stations of guards in Acts 12:10.

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'GUARD'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".
<>. 1991.


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