(had ad-ee' zuhr) Syrian royal name meaning, “Hadad (god) helps.” City-state king of Zobah in Syria whom David defeated to establish his control over Syria (2 Samuel 8:3-13). Apparently, Hadar-ezer (2 Samuel 10:16) represents a copyist's change from Hadad-ezer in transmitting the text. Ammonites saw David was too strong for them and hired Syrian troops, including those of Hadad-ezer, to help them, but Joab, David's general, defeated them (2 Samuel 10:6-19). Hadad-ezer regrouped the Syrians but again met defeat. Some Bible students think the narrative in
2 Samuel 8:1 may be a summary looking forward to the fuller account in
2 Samuel 10:1 of the same event. Others think two separate battles are described.
1 Kings 11:23 shows the troubled situation in Syria. Rezon revolted against Hadad-ezer (possibly the son of the one in
1 Samuel 8:1;
1 Samuel 10:1 or the same king). Rezon then established a kingdom for himself in the Syrian city of Damascus. Syria was thus a group of small city-states fighting among themselves for domination.