A number of animals kept together under human control. In biblical usage herd generally refers to cattle in contrast to flock which refers to sheep or goats. Herds were a source of meat and dairy products, of agricultural labor (1 Chronicles 12:40;
Isaiah 46:1), and of sacrifices (Numbers 7:3;
Isaiah 66:3). Herds were regarded as a sign of wealth (Genesis 13:5;
Genesis 45:10). Cattle were generally kept in open pasture. Pen-fed beef was a luxury item (Amos 6:4;
Habakkuk 3:17). See Cattle.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'HERD'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".