A name that occurs twenty-five times in the Bible though not in texts outside the Bible. Hivites are found in Gibeon (Joshua 9:7;
Joshua 11:19), Shechem (Genesis 34:2), below Hermon in the land of Mizpah (Joshua 11:3), and in the Lebanon mountains (Judges 3:3). Most frequently the name appears in the list of nations God would drive out of the land during the Israelite conquest (for example,
Zibeon is identified as a Hivite (Genesis 36:2), but is listed among the Horites in
Genesis 36:20,Genesis 36:29. In addition, the Septuagint or earliest Greek translation reads “Horite” for “Hivite” in some texts (Genesis 34:2;
Joshua 9:7). This may indicate an early linguistic confusion of “Horite” and “Hivite.” It is unlikely that the two are identical, although the exact relationship is unclear. See Horites.
James C. Moyer