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Holman Bible Dictionary

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Additional Resources
• Nave's Topical Bible
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Greek - ambush
Hebrew - ambush
Hebrew - ambush, ambushes, lie in ambush, lying in ambush, set an ambush, waited in ambush
Hebrew - ambush
Hebrew - ambushment, ambush
Hebrew - ambush

A military tactic of hiding a unit of troops for surprise attack while carrying on normal battle with the remainder of the troops. Joshua used the tactic against Ai (Joshua 8:1). The people of Shechem waited in hiding to attack and rob people who crossed the mountain (Judges 9:25; compare Hosea 6:9). Abimelech used ambush to defeat Shechem (Judges 9:43-45). Israel used ambush to attack Gibeah and the rebellious tribe of Benjamin (Judges 20:29-43). Saul apparently used similar tactics against the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:5). Jeroboam, king of Israel (926-909 B.C.) tried unsuccessfully to ambush Judah (2 Chronicles 13:13). God set ambushes against Moab, Ammon, and Edom to defeat them for King Jehoshaphat (873-848 B.C.). God delivered Ezra from ambush attempts (Ezra 8:31).

The psalmists asked for God's help against wicked persons who sought to ambush them (Psalms 10:8; Psalms 59:3; Psalms 64:4; compare Proverbs 1:11,Proverbs 1:18). Jeremiah accused his people of spiritual ambush against one another (Jeremiah 9:8). He also called for ambushes to defeat Babylon (Jeremiah 51:12). The people of Jerusalem lamented that the enemy had used ambushes to defeat and destroy the city and nation (Lamentations 4:19). Paul's nephew saved him from Jewish plans to ambush him as the Roman authorities transferred him from Jerusalem to Caehysarea (Acts 23:12-33; compare Acts 25:3).

Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'AMBUSH'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".
<>. 1991.


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