Fairness and straightforwardness of conduct. The KJV frequently used honesty or cognates where modern translations use other words: honorable/honorably (Romans 13:13;
1 Peter 2:12); noble (Luke 8:15;
Romans 12:17); dignity (1 Timothy 2:2); properly (1 Thessalonians 4:12). Men of “honest report” (Acts 6:3) are men of good standing (NRSV).
Someone in the right in a law case may be described as honest (Exodus 23:7 NIV). Isaiah lamented that “no one goes to law honestly” (Isaiah 59:4 NRSV). Honest or just balances, weights, and measures give fair and accurate measure (Leviticus 19:36;
Job 31:6 prays God's judgment to be weighed in an honest balance so God can know the person's integrity. Scripture often refers to honest or right speech (Job 6:25;
Proverbs 24:26). Those working on the Temple construction were known for their honest business dealings (2 Kings 12:15;
2 Kings 22:7).
Jacob claimed honesty (Genesis 30:33) but manipulated the breeding of Laban's flocks (Genesis 30:37-43). Jacob's sons repeatedly assured Joseph of their honesty (Genesis 42:11,Genesis 42:19,Genesis 42:31,Genesis 42:33-34), never guessing that their brother knew their deceptive natures all too well (Genesis 37:31-33).