Golden jackal (Canis aureus), a yellow-coated, carnivorous mammal resembling the wolf but considerably smaller (34-37 inches, including tail of about one foot) with a shorter tail and ears. KJV translated the term for jackal as either dragon (Isaiah 13:22;
Nehemiah 2:13) or sea monster (Lamentations 4:3). Jackals are nocturnal. They hunt either alone, in pairs, or in packs. By hunting in packs, jackals have taken down large antelope. This reputation accounts for the horror of one abandoned to jackals (Psalms 44:19). Jackals eat small mammals, birds, fruits, vegetables, and carrion (compare
Psalms 63:10). They are infamous for their distinctive. nighttime wailing (Job 30:28-31;
Micah 1:8). Most biblical references associate jackals with desert ruins. For a city or nation to be made the haunt or lair of jackals is for it to be utterly destroyed (Isaiah 13:22;
Malachi 1:3). See Dragon; Foxes; Animals in the Bible.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'JACKAL'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".