OR ABIJAM (uh bi' jah) Personal name meaning, “my Father is Yahweh.” 1. Second son of Samuel whose crooked acts as judge led Israel to demand a king (1 Samuel 8:2-5).2. Son of Jeroboam, first king of the Northern Kingdom Israel. Abijah died according to prophecy of Ahijah (1 Kings 14:1-18).3. Son of Rehoboam and second king of divided Southern Kingdom of Judah (915-913), called Abijam in
1 Kings 15:1, a name meaning, “my father is Yam” (or sea), possibly a reference to Canaanite god. Abijah was his father's favorite son (2 Chronicles 11:22). Abijah followed the sins of Rehoboam (1 Kings 15:3) but still maintained proper worship in Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 13:10), and God gave him victory over Jeroboam of Israel (2 Chronicles 13:15-20). Abijah was remembered for his large family (2 Chronicles 13:21). He is listed in the ancestors of Jesus (Matthew 1:7). 4. Wife of Hezron connected with genealogy of Caleb in a text whose meaning is not clear (1 Chronicles 2:24). 5. A grandson of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 7:8). 6. A priestly descendant of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:10). 7. A priest under Nehemiah who signed a covenant to obey God's law (Nehemiah 10:7). 8. A leading priest in the days of the return from Exile (Nehemiah 12:4), and then a priestly house (Nehemiah 12:17) to which Zechariah, father of John the Baptist, belonged (Luke 1:5). 9. Mother of King Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:1) and thus a powerful political influence. See Abia, Abiah.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'ABIJAH'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".