(mahr' dyook) Chief god of Babylon, sometimes called Merodach or Bel, the Babylonian equivalent of Baal meaning lord.” He was credited with creation, a feat reenacted each new year and celebrated with a festival. In typical Ancient Near Eastern fashion, Marduk was proclaimed king. The reigning monarch was seen as the son of the god. As the kingdom grew, Marduk was attributed with more powers until he was acknowledged as lord of the heavens. The prophets mocked Marduk and his worshipers as products of human craftsmen who would lead Babylon to defeat and exile (Isaiah 46:1;
Jeremiah 50:2,Jeremiah 50:38;
Jeremiah 51:47). See Babylon; Bel; Gods, Pagan.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'MARDUK'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".