(mihl' cahm) Name of deity meaning, “king” or “their king.” Apparently, a form created by Hebrew scribes to slander and avoid pronouncing the name of the national god of Ammon (1 Kings 11:5,1 Kings 11:7), who may have been identified with Chemosh, the god of Moab. See Chemosh. From the inscription of Mesha there appears to have been a god, Athar, whose local titles were Chemosh and Milcom. See Moab. This cult may have been practiced in Jerusalem before the Israelite conquest. “King” may have been the god's name or his title as King of the gods. David defeated Ammon and confiscated the crown (2 Samuel 12:30) of their king (KJV, NAS, NIV) or of the statue of the god Milcom (NRSV, REB; compare TEV). Solomon built sanctuaries to Milcom on the Mount of Olives at the request of his foreign wives, reviving the ancient cult (1 Kings 11:5,1 Kings 11:33). The sites of Solomon's sanctuaries were destroyed and defiled during Josiah's reforms in 621 B.C. (2 Kings 23:13). Jeremiah described past accomplishments attributed to Milcom, but in a play on
Judges 11:24, he announced destruction and captivity for Milcom (Jeremiah 49:1,Jeremiah 49:3 NRSV, NAS, REB; compare NIV, TEV). Worshiping Milcom was turning one's back on Yahweh (Zephaniah 1:5-6). See Molech.