(par' uh disse) Old Persian term which means literally “enclosure” or “wooded park,” used in the Old Testament to speak of King Artaxerxes' forest (Nehemiah 2:8), and twice of orchards (Ecclesiastes 2:5;
Song of Solomon 4:13). All three New Testament occurrences (Luke 23:43;
2 Corinthians 12:4;
Revelation 2:7) refer to the abode of the righteous dead (heaven). The Greek Old Testament (Septuagint used “paradise” to translate the Hebrew words for the Garden of Eden in
Genesis 2-3. Over the years, the terms because synonymous, and eventually paradise came to refer to heaven. Jewish theology then developed an opposite place for wicked persons, gehenna, a burning furnace. See Genesis 2-3; Genesis 2-3.
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'PARADISE'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".