Statement of Faith | Tell a Friend about Us | Color Scheme:    
Friday, April 20, 2018

Join Now!  |  Login
  Our Sponsors

• Bible software for Believing Study: SwordSearcher

• Help change the hearts of people one book at a time! Click to find out how!

• Looking for that lost cantata? Let US find it!

• Biblical Hebrew study & learning software: BMSoftware.com

 
  Study Resources

• Interlinear Bible

• Parallel Bible

• Daily Reading Plan

• Devotionals

• Commentaries

• Concordances

• Dictionaries

• Encyclopedias

• Lexicons

• History

• Sermon Essentials

• Audio Resources

• Religious Artwork

 
  SL Forums

• Apologetic Forum

• Christian Living

• Ministry Forum

• Evangelism Forum

• Passage Forum

• Help Forum

 
  Other Resources

• Advertise with SL

• FREE Resources

• Information

• Set Preferences

• Font Resources

• Contacting SL

 

 

Holman Bible Dictionary

Start Your Search
 
 
Choose a letter from below
to display alphabetical list:

A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N
O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|Y|Z|1|2
 
    Printer friendly version
 
PreviousNext
ASHCHENAZASHDOTH-PISGAH
 
Additional Resources
 
Concordances
• Nave's Topical Bible
Ashdod
Dictionaries
• Easton's Bible Dictionary
Ashdod
• Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Ashdod
• Hitchcock's Bible Names
Ashdod
• Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ashdod, or Azotus
Encyclopedias
• International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Ashdod
Lexicons
Hebrew - Ashdod
Hebrew - speech of Ashdod, language of Ashdod
Hebrew - Ashdod, Ashdodite, Ashdodites
ASHDOD

(assh' dahd) One of five principal cities of the Philistines, where the Philistines defeated Israel and captured the ark of the covenant.

Asdod was ten miles north of Ashkelon and two and a half miles east of the Mediterranean Sea on the Philistine plain. It was the northernmost city of the Philistine pentapolis recorded in Joshua 13:3. Ashdod occurs in written history first in the Late Bronze period where it is mentioned in the trade documents of the Ras Shamra tablets discovered at Ugarit (ancient trade center near the Mediterranean coast in northern Syria). Ashdod is described as a manufacturer and exporter of textiles, specifically purple wool. The city name also occurs in the Egyptian list of names, Onomasticon of Amanope (263).

Old Testament In the Old Testament Ashdod was a place where some of the Anakim remained during the time of Joshua (Joshua 11:22). See Anakim. As one of the five chief cities of the Philistines it stood yet to be possessed by Joshua (Joshua 13:3), who allocated it to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:46-7). David subdued the Philistines, implicitly including Ashdod (2 Samuel 5:25; 2 Samuel 8:1), but it was not described as under Israel's control until Uzziah (783-742 B.C.) captured it (2 Chronicles 26:8). Perhaps the most infamous contact between Ashdod and Israel is reported in 1 Samuel 4-6 when the Philistines defeated the army of Israel in battle, killed the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, and captured the ark of the covenant.

Although the city was captured by Uzziah, it did not remain long under Judah's control and regained enough strength to revolt from Sargon II in 711 B.C. The Assyrians were able quickly to subdue the Philistines, and they remained under Assyrian control until captured by the Egyptian Pharaoh Psammetichus I (664-610) after a 29-year siege as reported by Herodotus. Under Nebuchadnezzar (604-562 B.C.), Babylon soon captured this territory and took the king of Ashdod prisoner.

The prophets of Israel spoke about the city of Ashdod in various military, political and moral contexts (Nehemiah 13:23-24; Isaiah 20:1-6; Jeremiah 25:20; Amos 1:8; Zechariah 9:6). Throughout the Persian period the city remained a threat to Israel.

Extra-biblical Sources In the Greek period Ashdod was known as Azotus and was a flourishing city until being captured by Israel during the Maccabean period. Judas Maccabeus destroyed altars and images in Ashdod (1 Maccabees 5:68), and Jonathan later burned the temple of Dagon, those who took refuge there, and ultimately the city itself (1 Maccabees 10:84-87).

Josephus reported that Pompey separated Ashdod from Israel after his victory (63 B.C.), Gabinius rebuilt the city, and it was joined to the province of Syria. Augustus granted it to Herod the Great. Herod left it to his sister Salome, who in turn willed it to Julia, the wife of Augustus. Its greatness as a city ended with the Roman destruction of A.D. 67, although it was occupied at least through the sixth century.

Archaeological Evidence The major archaeological work on Ashdod was done from 1962-72 under the direction of D. N. Freedman and others. Some evidence remains from Chalcolithic and Early Bronze times, but the major remains date from Middle Bronze and later including a walled city dating around 1625 B.C. A major destruction of the city was indicated by a three foot layer of ash and debris dating about 1250 B.C. Two extensive Philistine occupation levels date from the twelfth and eleventh centuries B.C. The Iron Age showed a flourishing community, and an Iron II temple yielded many cultic artifacts.

George W. Knight


Copyright Statement
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.

Bibliography Information
Butler, Trent C. Editor.. "Entry for 'ASHDOD'". "Holman Bible Dictionary".
<http://classic.studylight.org/dic/hbd/view.cgi?number=T497>. 1991.


  HOME    TOP

Dead links, typos, or HTML errors should be sent to corr@studylight.org
Suggestions about making this resource more useful should be sent to sugg@studylight.org
 

   Powered by LightSpeed Technology

Copyright © 2001-2018, StudyLight.org